Zuwanderung 2020 wegen Pandemie um einen Drittel zurückgegangen

Asia's Tech News Daily

Zuwanderung 2020 wegen Pandemie um einen Drittel zurückgegangen
© KEYSTONE/PETER SCHNEIDER

Die Zuwanderung in die OECD-Länder ist im Jahr 2020 wegen der Corona-Pandemie um rund einen Drittel zurückgegangen. Die dauerhafte Migration war mit rund 3,7 Millionen Menschen auf dem niedrigsten Stand seit 2003. In der Schweiz war der Rückgang geringer als anderswo.

In der Schweiz ging zum Beispiel die Zahl der neuen Asylanträge um 22,5 Prozent zurück, während der Rückgang in den Ländern der Organisation für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung (OECD) insgesamt bei 31 Prozent lag, wie die OECD am Donnerstag bekannt gab. Das sei der stärkste Rückgang seit dem Ende des Balkankrieges in den 1990er Jahren.

Dass die Einwanderung in die Schweiz geringer ist als in anderen OECD-Ländern, sei darauf zurückzuführen, dass wegen der Personenfreizügigkeit, die einen grossen Teil der Schweizer Migration ausmache, erklärte OECD-Migrationsexperte Thomas Liebig bei der Präsentation der neusten Migrationsstudie. Dadurch seien die durch Corona bedingten Einschränkungen weniger stark ins Gewicht gefallen. Die Schweiz habe den geringsten Rückgang der Einwanderung von allen OECD-Ländern ausgewiesen.

Durchmischung an Schweizer Schulen

Ein Fokus der Studie lag auch auf der Durchmischung der eingewanderten Bevölkerung mit den Einheimischen – insbesondere an Schulen. Denn in fast allen anderen Ländern zeigen die Zahlen, dass Kinder eingewanderter Eltern häufig dort zur Schule gehen, wo es bereits viele andere Kinder mit Migrationshintergrund gibt. Das liege daran, dass sich Einwanderer häufig in Quartieren niederlassen, wo es bereits viele andere Landsleute gebe.

Diese sogenannte schulische Segregation hat gemäss OECD in den meisten Ländern seit 2006 gegenüber 2018 deutlich zugenommen. Für die Kinder habe dies ein weniger hohes Bildungsniveau zur Folge. In Deutschland – das Land mit dem höchsten Wert – kann dies je nach Betrachtung einem Rückstand von 1,5 Schuljahren bedeuten. Auch in den Niederlanden sind es fast 1,5 Schuljahre.

Auch unterscheidet sich die Schweiz von einem Grossteil der anderen Länder, wo mit einem halben Jahr ein deutlich geringerer Rückstand ausgewiesen wird. Am besten schneiden in diesem Bereich Luxemburg und Australien ab, wo Kinder dank der Durchmischung gar von positiven Effekten profitieren.

Einfluss auf öffentliche Finanzen

Viele Menschen, die in die Schweiz einwandern, kommen aus Europa oder gar aus den Nachbarländern. “Diese haben teils eine sehr hohe Qualifikation”, sagte Liebig. Entsprechend wusste er auch Positives beim Einfluss auf den Schweizer Staatshaushalt zu berichten. Mit dem sogenannten Nettofiskalbeitrag wird das Verhältnis aller direkten und indirekten Einnahmen wie Steuern und Abgaben gegenüber allen direkten und indirekten Ausgaben betrachtet.

“Bei den Nettofiskalbeiträgen der Zuwanderer zum öffentlichen Haushalt steht die Schweiz in einer Spitzengruppe und hat sich weiter verbessert”, sagte Liebig. Der Nettofiskalbeitrag von Eingewanderten sei in der Schweiz etwa 15 Prozent höher als jener der in der Schweiz Geborenen.

OECD erwartet deutlichen Anstieg

Nach dem Rückgang erwarten die Experten nun wieder einen deutlichen Anstieg der Migration. Ein grosses Thema sei etwa auch der Fachkräftemangel.

Gemäss Liebig brauche es insbesondere bei der nachhaltigen Integration mehr Schub, beispielsweise in der Sprachförderung. Auch die Mobilität aus Quartieren mit einer hohen Segregation müsse gestärkt werden. Zudem brauche es spezifische frauen- und familienbezogene Ansätze. Es sei aber erfreulich, dass der Fokus auf die Frauen bei der Integrationspolitik zunehme.

Internet Explorer Channel Network
Asia's Tech News Daily
News Related

OTHER NEWS

‘Disruptor' ex-PM: New book traces life and political career of VP Singh

© Provided by The Print New Delhi: A new book offers a detailed account of the rise and brief but eventful tenure of the late Vishwanath Pratap Singh, who was ... Read more »

Omicron has 'probably already spread globally', say top SA scientists as they slam travel bans

© Provided by Times Live Top SA scientists slam the global travel bans, saying they were not only ineffective but did significantly more harm than good. The seemingly highly transmissible ... Read more »

Coronavirus digest: German vaccine body says omicron jab update will take 'months'

© Provided by dw.com The head of Germany’s vaccine body said people should take booster shots despite a possible new vaccine The head of Germany’s Standing Committee on Vaccination (StiKo), ... Read more »

US school shooter's parents arrested on manslaughter charges

© SCOTT OLSON People embrace as they visit a makeshift memorial outside of Oxford High School in Oxford, Michigan, where a 15-year-old killed four fellow students and wounded seven other ... Read more »

Nico Hischier trifft – kassiert aber trotzdem Klatsche +++ Timo Meier für einmal erfolglos

Winnipeg Jets – New Jersey Devils 8:4 Nico Hischier, 1 Tor, 6 Schüsse, 2 Hits, TOI 13:23 Nico Hischier trug seinen Teil zum Spektakel in der Partie zwischen den Winnipeg ... Read more »

How much Selling Sunset agents REALLY make selling homes – and Chrishell Stause doesn't get the top commission

SELLING Sunset has taken the world by storm as those at home watch celebrities buy stunning mansions from the real estate agents working for The Oppenheim Group Real Estate. But, ... Read more »

Easy access to tests could play a key role in fighting the Omicron variant

Photograph: Spencer Platt/Getty Images Experts applaud Biden’s plan to expand testing but wonder if the effort goes far enough to stop the spread of the virus US infectious disease experts ... Read more »

Six refugees granted visas in Australia but ordeal far from over

© Provided by Al Jazeera Three asylum seekers gesture to protesters holding a pro-refugee rights rally from their hotel room where they have been detained in Melbourne, after they were ... Read more »

Stock market investors should be cautious due to Omicron, says Market Analyst Nikhil Singh Sumal

© Provided by Zee News Over the last several trading sessions, domestic stock markets have seen a jump in volatility as investors remain concerned about the overall impact of the ... Read more »

Pensioners Alert! Deadline to submit Life Certificate extended: Check details here

© Provided by Zee News New Delhi: In a recent notification, the central government informed that the deadline for submitting life certificates for retirees this year had been extended. According ... Read more »

Charlie Adam explains controversial Rangers comments as Dundee star reveals whether he'll celebrate an Ibrox goal

Dundee midfielder Charlie Adam has moved to explain his controversial comments on Rangers as he prepares to face his old club on Saturday. The veteran came up through the Ibrox ... Read more »

Windows 11 Is Making It Easier To Change Default Browser - Here's How To Do It

© Provided by News18 Windows 11 Is Making It Easier To Change Default Browser – Here’s How To Do It Microsoft is making it easier for Windows 11 users to ... Read more »

Omicron scare: Mumbai airport revises rates of Rapid PCR test, ramps up testing | All you need to know

A health worker conducts an RT-PCR test (Photo: PTI file) Amid rising concerns over the new Covid-19 variant Omicron, the authorities at Mumbai’s Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport (CSMIA) have ... Read more »

Omicron outbreak at Norway Christmas party is biggest outside S. Africa -authorities

Healthcare workers gear up after a person tests positive for omicron variant of coronavirus in Oslo, Norway By Gwladys Fouche and Nerijus Adomaitis OSLO (Reuters) – At least 13 people ... Read more »

Income Tax Return: How To Link Aadhar Card With Your ITR

© Ritu Singh | India.com Business Desk ITR cannot be filed electronically or manually without the Aadhar number. (Photo: IANS) New Delhi: The current income tax laws make it mandatory ... Read more »

WATCH: R Ashwin signals for DRS after getting bowled, gets trolled by former Australian cricketer

© Provided by WION Indian spinner R Ashwin had a brain fade moment in the middle of the pitch while batting during India’s first innings on Day 2 of the ... Read more »

Tega Industries IPO GMP, Subscription, Strength: Your Last Chance to Invest

© Provided by News18 Tega Industries IPO GMP, Subscription, Strength: Your Last Chance to Invest Tega Industries IPO: Tega Industries, which manufactures consumables for the mining company, is set to close ... Read more »

India vs New Zealand: Ajaz Patel becomes 3rd bowler to pick 10 wickets in a Test innings

© Devansh Sharma India vs New Zealand: Ajaz Patel becomes 3rd bowler to pick 10 wickets in a Test innings Mumbai born New Zealand left-arm spin bowler Ajaz Patel on ... Read more »

Don't cancel Christmas parties and kiss whomever you like, says No 10

No 10 is urging people not to cancel Christmas parties and says they are free to kiss whomever they like, in a bid to clear up confusion. Boris Johnson’s spokesman ... Read more »

Three arrested over death of woman in Co Down

The PSNI has appealed for information following the death of a woman in Co Down (Niall Carson/PA) (PA Archive) Three men have been arrested following the death of a 20-year-old ... Read more »

Isko Moreno to retire from politics if not elected president

© Provided by PEP.ph Tuluyan nang magpapahinga sa pulitika si Manila Mayor at presidential aspirant Isko Moreno kung hindi siya mahahalal na susunod na pangulo ng Pilipinas sa 2022 elections. ... Read more »

Prosecutors appeal dismissal of Philippines ferry disaster case

A lawyer for the families of victims of a 2008 Philippines ferry disaster vowed Saturday to challenge the dismissal of a criminal case against a shipping company executive. © JAY ... Read more »

NFTs' next hit may be music industry, former manager for Elton John and Beyonce says

© MATT WINKELMEYER Music manager Merck Mercuriadis believes NFTs will help to transform the music industry. AFP As a former music manager who once counted Elton John, Beyonce and Guns ... Read more »

‘Nutcase' killer stepmum ‘chased ex with a spade' & manipulated men, locals reveal as she's jailed over Arthur's murder

A KILLER stepmum chased an ex with a spade and manipulated men before murdering her six-year-old stepson, horrified neighbours say. Emma Tustin, 32, was caged for life yesterday after being ... Read more »

Britain's Got Talent's biggest transformations - Connie Talbot to Simon Cowell

Britain’s Got Talent has produced a string of household names since the show began just over 14 years ago – many of whom have undergone some amazing transformations. Whether it ... Read more »

Parents of teenager accused over school shooting caught in Detroit

© Provided by PA Media James and Jennifer Crumbley (District Court via AP) The parents of a teenager accused of killing four students in a shooting at a Michigan high ... Read more »

Man Utd told of huge Jesse Lingard blunder as David Moyes hints West Ham deal is off

© Getty Images Jesse Lingard and David Moyes, West Ham 2021, TEAMtalk David Moyes believes Manchester United have completely mistreated Jesse Lingard – but has appeared to suggest the player’s ... Read more »

Mel Brooks on losing the loves of his life: ‘People know how good Carl Reiner was, but not how great'

In February 2020, I joined Mel Brooks at the Beverly Hills home of his best friend, the director and writer Carl Reiner, for their nightly tradition of eating dinner together ... Read more »

Tensions grow as Nphet members must now ask Government for permission to appear on TV and radio

© Getty Dr Tony Holohan. (Photo by Brian Lawless/PA Images via Getty Images) Ministers have agreed new measures to stop senior health officials appearing in the media without the Government ... Read more »

No end to Gurgaon namaz row as protesters park trucks around prayer site

© Provided by The Indian Express Locals and members of right-wing groups who have been attempting to disrupt namaz in Gurgaon over the past weeks resorted to a new tactic ... Read more »

Why George Clooney turned down an offer to make $35 million in a day

George Clooney TIZIANA FABI/AFP via Getty Images George Clooney once had the chance to make $35 million for a single day of work. His response? Thanks, but no thanks. The ... Read more »

George Clooney explains why he rejected $35m for a single day's work

George Clooney has said he once turned down $35m (£26.m) for a single day’s work. The Hollywood actor, writer and director revealed in a new interview that the offer was ... Read more »

Woman who has never even been to Scotland furious as she receives £400 bill for Scottish property 200 miles from home

A WOMAN who has never even been to Scotland has been left furious after receiving a £400 bill for a property 200 miles from her actual home. Christine Young, 69, ... Read more »

'I am still able to hack it around like I do on the golf course' - Donaghy chasing Kerry glory at 38

© James Crombie INPHO Kieran Donaghy. KIERAN DONAGHY CASTS his mind back two decades. On Kerry county final weekend, he can recall being involved in a game of such stature ... Read more »

Spacious, stone-fronted three-bed terrace boasts large garden

© Provided by Extra.ie This end-of-terrace stone front house in Co Leitrim is presented in excellent condition and is within walking distance of Ballinamore town centre and all its amenities. ... Read more »

Norway's FHI: As of December 3, we have 19 omicron-positive samples

As of December 3, 19 positive samples with the omicron variant had been confirmed in Norway, according to a press release from the National Institute of Public Health (FHI). The ... Read more »

Mirzapur Season 2 wins big at Asian Academy Creative Awards 2021

Mirzapur Season 2 won top honour at the Asian Academy Creative Awards 2021. The second season of Mirzapur premiered on Amazon Prime Video in October 2020 and received an overwhelming ... Read more »

IIFT 2022 exam tomorrow: Check last minute revision tips to crack the exam

© Provided by The Indian Express The National Testing Agency (NTA) will conduct the Indian Institute of Foreign Trade (IIFT 2022) entrance exam on December 5, 2021. With only a ... Read more »

Jurors at Ghislaine Maxwell's trial shown Epstein's massage table, photo of sex toys

1 / 5Jurors at Ghislaine Maxwell’s trial shown Epstein’s massage table, photo of sex toysGhislaine Maxwell trial in New York By Luc Cohen NEW YORK (Reuters) -A green massage table ... Read more »

Epstein's massage table brought into court on fifth day of Ghislaine Maxwell trial

Jeffrey Epstein’s green massage table was brought into the courtroom and shown to jurors on the fifth day of Ghislaine Maxwell’s trial over her alleged involvement in the late financier’s ... Read more »
On free-english-test.com you will find lots of free English exam practice materials to help you improve your English skills: grammar, listening, reading, writing, ielts, toeic