What Helps Your Heart More, Losing Fat or Gaining Muscle?

© Provided by HealthDay

© Provided by HealthDay

FRIDAY, Sept. 17, 2021 (HealthDay News) — Shedding excess weight does much more for the long-term heart health of young people than building muscle, new research suggests.

It’s not that gaining muscle while young proved to be a cardiovascular problem. It’s just that losing fat offered bigger heart benefits.

“We absolutely still encourage exercise,” said study lead author Joshua Bell, a senior research associate in epidemiology at the University of Bristol in England.

“There are many other health benefits, and strength is a prize in itself,” he said. “We may just need to temper expectations for what gaining muscle can really do for avoiding heart disease. Fat gain is the real driver.”

The study followed more than 3,200 Brits born in the 1990s. It found those who had primarily lost fat during adolescence and young adulthood were much less likely than those who had gained muscle to develop risk factors such as high glucose, inflammation or “bad” cholesterol by age 25.

Participants had scans to assess levels of body fat and lean mass at ages 10, 13, 18 and 25. Handgrip strength tests were also assessed at 12 and 25.

At 25, participants underwent blood pressure and blood sample testing to assess levels of roughly 200 metabolic factors viewed as “a gateway for heart disease and other health problems,” Bell explained.

Such factors included insulin, C-reactive protein, cholesterol, triglycerides, glucose, creatinine and branched chain amino acids.

The result: For lowering risk factors for heart disease, “changes in body fat seem to matter much more than changes in muscle,” Bell said. By some measures — such as lowering levels of “bad” cholesterol — fat loss appeared to be as much as five times more protective than muscle gain, he added.

“Muscle gain only seemed beneficial when it happened in adolescence, between 13 and 18 years old,” Bell said. “This is a busy time of growth and maturity, and might be when we should promote some muscle gain as well. [Heart] benefits seem to fade after then.”

His bottom-line message: While muscle is important for outcomes like mobility and independence, fat control seems to be a higher priority when it comes to keeping markers for heart disease in check.

The results were published recently in PLOS Medicine.

Bell stressed that the findings are critical because the seeds of future heart trouble are sown among youths and adolescents, who are otherwise healthy.

While “serious events like heart attacks don’t tend to happen until older ages, heart disease doesn’t happen overnight,” Bell noted.

Lona Sandon is an associate professor in the school of health professions at UT Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas, and reviewed the study findings.

She said you should aim to prevent excess fat gain from the start, rather than focus on fat loss later.

“Instill healthy eating and activity habits early on to maintain a healthy body weight throughout childhood and adolescence for the best chance of reducing early onset of heart disease risk factors,” said Sandon. “And by early on, I mean in the womb and infancy.”

There should be focus on educating parents about healthy pregnancies and healthy feeding patterns, Sandon advised. “Start with breastfeeding and feeding healthy whole foods and age-appropriate portions during infancy and early childhood,” she said.

Restricting calories during childhood is generally not a good idea, as this is a time of growth, Sandon cautioned. “Calories and quality foods are needed for proper growth and development,” she said.

Instead, exercise and sports can be a great way to keep a growing body trim. “Active play goes a long way toward keeping kids fit without putting the focus on body fat,” Sandon stressed. “Also active kids may be more likely to carry over those active habits into adulthood.”

More information

Stanford Children’s Health has more on the link between childhood health and heart disease risk.

SOURCES: Joshua A. Bell, PhD, senior research associate, epidemiology, MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit, University of Bristol, United Kingdom; Lona Sandon, PhD, RDN, LD, program director and associate professor, department of clinical nutrition, school of health professions, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas; PLOS Medicine, Sept. 9, 2021

Internet Explorer Channel Network
News Related

OTHER NEWS

Grand Ole Opry Has Put on a Show Nearly Every Saturday Since 1925

The Grand Ole Opry House It’s just a number. Some folks may say that about the Grand Ole Opry’s 5,000th Saturday show on Oct. 30. But Bill Anderson, who fought back ... Read more »

Snoop Dogg Honors Late Mother Beverly Tate With ‘Stand By Me' Sing-Along

Snoop Dogg Snoop Dogg played a DJ set in Boston over the weekend just hours after his mother, Beverly Tate, passed away. To honor the author and evangelist — who ... Read more »

LA Phil unveils new Inglewood YOLA concert hall for youth

The Los Angeles Philharmonic’s Youth Orchestra of Los Angeles, or YOLA, celebrated the official opening of its new home in Inglewood this week. “The concert hall is amazing,” said Luis ... Read more »

Pandemic heroes honored at Zion's Youth Symphony & Chorus concert

© Provided by KSNV – Las Vegas Under the direction of conductor David Skouson, Zion’s Youth Symphony & Chorus (ZYSC) is delighted to be back at The Smith Center to ... Read more »

Dolores Huerta Middle School Principal Jennifer Meglemre Nominated for ACSA Exemplary Woman in Education Award

Dr. Jennifer Meglemre, Principal of Burbank’s Dolores Huerta Middle School, has been nominated for the Association of California School Administrators Exemplary Woman in Education Award.  Formed in 1971, the ACSA ... Read more »

Saweetie Speaks To Entrepreneurship Class At Alma Mater University Of Southern California

© Frazer Harrison/Getty Images Saweetie visited her Alma Mater, the University of Southern California, and dropped some Icy Girl gems on an entrepreneurship class. The Bay-area representative shared information with ... Read more »

Barbara Rose Shuler, Intermezzo: Bach Festival adapts in surreal times.

After 27 months of musical deprivation, Carmel Bach Festival fans returned Saturday night to Sunset Center to savor the sonorities of Bach and Handel in person.  London-based maestro Paul Goodwin ... Read more »

Adele & Greg Kurstin Team Up at No. 1 on Hot 100 Songwriters & Producers Charts

Adele, Greg Kurstin Adele and Greg Kurstin tie at No. 1 on Billboard’s Hot 100 Songwriters chart (dated Oct. 30), each leading for the first time thanks to their work ... Read more »

Arts Advocates Gifted 'Doughboy' Statue From Colson Family

SARASOTA, FL — Sculptor Frank Colson’s wife and son have gifted the Arts Advocates organization with a 12-inch bronze replica sculpture of “Spirit of the American Doughboy.” © Courtesy of ... Read more »

Get Out Of Town!: Grand Performances At Downtown Los Angeles' California Plaza

Live music shows are back and the City of Los Angeles has a whole summer’s worth of free outdoor concerts to share. Ethio Cali, a Los Angeles-based Ethiopian Jazz ensemble, ... Read more »

Biden's unpopularity may undercut New Jersey Gov. Phil Murphy's reelection plans

President Joe Biden stood before a backdrop of trains in Kearny, New Jersey, earlier this week to make the case for his embattled infrastructure and reconciliation bills. He also hoped ... Read more »

Striking John Deere worker killed in traffic accident reporting to picket line

A John Deere worker who was taking part in the ongoing strike was killed in a traffic accident while walking to the picket line on Wednesday morning, the United Auto ... Read more »

Woman Claims Texas Restaurant Segregated Black and White Customers in Viral Video

A viral clip, showing a restaurant dining room apparently separated by race, has gone viral on TikTok. The video, so far viewed over 185,000 times, has sparked a vicious debate ... Read more »

One Very Big Problem With the Democrats' Billionaires Tax

This article is part of the The DC Brief, TIME’s politics newsletter. Sign up here to get stories like this sent to your inbox every weekday. © Drew Angerer—Getty Images ... Read more »

Amazon announced its best-selling Black Friday and Cyber Monday deals – will you get them all?

© Provided by BGR Amazon package at front door step on brick steps Every single year, Amazon makes a huge announcement after its big Black Friday and Cyber Monday sales ... Read more »

Criminal charges against Alec Baldwin not ruled out: DA

Criminal charges against actor Alec Baldwin, who shot dead a cinematographer and wounded the director on the set of his latest movie, have not been ruled out, the local district ... Read more »

Biden approval in NJ sinks to 43% just days before state election

© Provided by Daily Mail Joe Biden won New Jersey in the 2020 presidential race by 16 points President Joe Biden‘s approval numbers are underwater in the blue stronghold of ... Read more »

I got Botox for the first time. Here are 7 things that surprised me about the procedure.

© Marisel Salazar Botox helped with my jaw pain and swelling. Marisel Salazar Aside from minimizing the appearance of wrinkles, Botox can be used to treat sore, swollen jaws. I ... Read more »

Waiting list registrations and liver transplants linked to alcoholic hepatitis surge during COVID-19 pandemic

Waiting list registrations and liver transplants linked to alcoholic hepatitis have increased significantly during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to researchers.  In a recent study from the University of Michigan published ... Read more »

One man pleads guilty to drug charge in connection with Mac Miller's death

One of the three men arrested in connection with rapper Mac Miller’s death has pled guilty to the distribution of fentanyl, a synthetic opioid, and now faces up to 20 ... Read more »

5 Common Causes of Kidney Disease, According to Nephrologists

Your kidneys may be small, but boy, are they crucial. Their job is to remove waste and excess fluid from your blood. They also control the amount of nutrients in ... Read more »

Here's Why Cortexyme Is Imploding on Wednesday

© Provided by The Motley Fool Here’s Why Cortexyme Is Imploding on Wednesday What happened Shares of Cortexyme (NASDAQ: CRTX), a clinical-stage biotechnology company, are collapsing in response to a clinical ... Read more »

Baker Mayfield says it's "absolutely" possible he plays Sunday

Cleveland Browns starting quarterback Baker Mayfield is planning his return, saying Wednesday it is “absolutely” possible he plays against the Pittsburgh Steelers in Week 8. © Gary A. Vasquez-USA TODAY ... Read more »

Who is Mike White? Jets' QB to start ahead of Joe Flacco, injured Zach Wilson

Sam White will make his first NFL start for the Jets during their Halloween matchup against the Bengals on Sunday.  The Jets confirmed on Wednesday that White will start over ... Read more »

Mercedes EQC Might Finally Come Stateside After Weird Last-Minute Reversal

Mercedes’ first serious electric vehicle, the EQC crossover, was originally supposed to establish Merc’s EQ sub-brand in North America. Earlier this year, though, after letting our editor-in-chief drive it, Mercedes ... Read more »

Lucid Will Deliver Its First Cars This Weekend

© Lucid Lucid is delivering the first examples of the Air Dream Edition sedan this weekend, and customers are going on the first Lucid Rally with company leaders. First deliveries ... Read more »

McCain blasts Graham for refuting funeral remark about Kushner, Ivanka Trump

Conservative pundit Meghan McCain tore into Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-S.C.) on Wednesday after he refuted assertions she made about who was invited to attend her father’s 2018 funeral. © Getty ... Read more »

Bucs HC Bruce Arians: Antonio Brown's ankle injury could be 'more long term'

The ankle injury that kept Antonio Brown out of the Buccaneers’ Week 7 game could sideline him for a while. Brown was spotted on crutches Wednesday, and Bruce Arians said ... Read more »

FIFA 22: How to complete FUT Silver Stars Miguel Layun Objectives challenge

In addition to a new Team of the Week, EA Sports and the FIFA team released a new FUT Silver Stars challenge on October 27. FIFA players now have the ... Read more »

VALORANT Prime Gaming weapon skins coming next year

© Provided by Dot Esports VALORANT players can expect to see exclusive Prime Gaming weapon skins in 2022. A new partnership between Prime Gaming and Riot Games was announced earlier ... Read more »

LeBron James injury update: Will Lakers star play in game vs. Thunder?

The Lakers aren’t taking any chances when it comes to LeBron James’ health. After the four-time NBA MVP suffered an ankle injury in Sunday’s game between Los Angeles and Memphis, ... Read more »

League player secures 3 kills, levels up twice in 6 seconds

© Provided by Dot Esports Showing up to a teamfight in League of Legends without your ultimate ability is never advantageous. But, when you gather just enough experience to level ... Read more »

Do footprints count as fingerprints in Phasmophobia?

One of the signature pieces of evidence a ghost can leave behind in Phasmophobia is their fingerprint. You have the chance to find it shortly after a spirit has interacted ... Read more »

Everyone Will Be Fighting Over The Last Bite Of This 10-Minute Garlic-Sesame Sautéed Spinach

This easy sautéed spinach recipe is our take on the classic Korean banchan (aka side dish) sigeumchi namul, which is typically made using blanched spinach. The rich flavor of toasted ... Read more »

Cleared for Takeoff: Booking a luxurious celebration in The Bahamas and Turks and Caicos

© Provided by The Points Guy MSN has partnered with The Points Guy for our coverage of credit card products. MSN and The Points Guy may receive a commission from ... Read more »

Rep. Ilhan Omar Reflects on Prince's Legacy and How His Achievements Give Others a 'Sense of Limitlessness'

One of the lawmakers behind an effort to posthumously honor Prince with a Congressional Gold Medal says the experience of introducing the required legislation is “surreal.” © Provided by People ... Read more »

9 things to do when you get the Amex Business Platinum Card

© Provided by The Points Guy MSN has partnered with The Points Guy for our coverage of credit card products. MSN and The Points Guy may receive a commission from ... Read more »

Senators urge Biden to waive sanctions on India over Russian defense system purchase

Sens. John Cornyn (R-Texas) and Mark Warner (D-Va.) urged President Biden to waive sanctions against India for purchasing Russia’s air defense system. © Greg Nash Sen. Ted Cruz (R-Texas) leaves ... Read more »

You Can Get Bedding From the Same Manufacturer That Makes The Ritz-Carlton's Sheets — for as Much as 80% Off

If you’re a person who values quality above all else, then Italic is the brand you need to know about. Famous for creating handbags from the same factories as Prada, ... Read more »
On free-english-test.com you will find lots of free English exam practice materials to help you improve your English skills: grammar, listening, reading, writing, ielts, toeic