A cancer patient receives treatment at Hanoi's K Hospital. Photo: Ha Tran
The nation recorded 122,690 cancer deaths last year, with liver cancer being the leading cause, accounting for 20.6% of the total.
Among Vietnamese men, the five most common cancers were liver, lung, stomach, colorectal and prostate. For women, these were breast, lung, colorectal, stomach and liver cancers.
Worldwide, nearly 19.3 million new cases of cancer were reported in 2020, up 2.3 million over 2018. The number of deaths increased from 9.6 million in 2018 to 9.96 million in 2020, according to the IARC, adding that the cancer rate in developed countries remains higher compared to developing ones.
The developed countries recording the highest numbers of cancer cases includes Australia, New Zealand, Ireland, the United States, Denmark, the Netherlands, Belgium, Canada, France, and Hungary.
In relation to Asia, Japan took the lead for the highest cancer rates, followed by South Korea, Singapore, and China.
The top five Southeast Asian nations with the highest cancer rates were Singapore, Brunei, Laos, Thailand, and the Philippines.
Vietnam ranked 16th in Asia and sixth in Southeast Asia, with a cancer rate of 159.7 for every 100,000 people.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has named Vietnam among the countries with the highest increasing rate of cancer fatalities and cancer incidence worldwide.
WHO added that more than a third of cancer deaths can be prevented by avoiding the five leading behavioral and dietary risks - high body mass index, low fruit and vegetable intake, lack of physical activity, smoking, and alcohol consumption.