Vaccine mix-ups are rare and there are systems in place to keep it that way

Asia's Tech News Daily

An Indiana couple took their family to get their annual flu shot at the local Walgreens, but all of them, including their 4- and 5-year-old, got a Covid-19 vaccine by mistake. Mistakes like this can happen, but they’re incredibly rare, public health experts say.

© Michael Ciaglo/Getty Images North America/Getty Images DENVER, CO – JANUARY 30: Pharmacy technicians prepare doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine at a mass COVID-19 vaccination event on January 30, 2021 in Denver, Colorado. UCHealth, Colorado’s largest healthcare provider, plans to vaccinate 10,000 seniors over 70 during the drive-up event this weekend. (Photo by Michael Ciaglo/Getty Images)

Pharmacists and other specialists who give the shots say there are dozens of safeguards baked into the system to limit the possibility of human error. And, in the case of Covid-19 vaccines, if someone is getting a second dose for example and accidentally gets a Moderna vaccine, when they had Pfizer’s first, that likely won’t cause side effects or other health problems, according to findings from an ongoing National Institutes of Health study.

“A single bad situation like that gets a lot of coverage, but hundreds of millions of doses and second doses have been administered in a very effective, accurate and careful way,” said Jennifer Kertanis, the director of health for the Farmington Valley Health District in Connecticut who has overseen many public vaccination efforts. “While these types of mistakes are really unfortunate, they don’t happen very often and people administering these vaccines are doing everything they can to put steps in place to reduce that potential for human error.”

The CEO of the National Association of County and City Health Officials, Lori Freeman, said vaccine mistakes like this are as “rare as a plane crash, thankfully.”

‘Checking, double-checking and even triple-checking’

It’s unclear what went wrong in the case of the Indiana family.

Joshua and Alexandra Price said they learned about the mistake from the pharmacist who called them about 90 minutes after it happened. The couple had already been vaccinated against Covid-19 earlier in the year, and their children aren’t old enough to get a Covid-19 vaccine yet, as they’re only authorized for children 12 and older. The vaccine they received was three times the dose being considered for children’s vaccines. The kids experienced side effects from the shots, the family said, and are currently being treated by a cardiologist.

Walgreens didn’t want to talk about a particular case due to privacy concerns, but released a statement that emphasized safety was a “top priority.”

“Our multi-step vaccination procedure includes several safety checks to minimize the chance of human error and we have reviewed this process with our pharmacy staff in order to prevent such occurrences,” a statement from the company said.

It’s those safety steps that vaccine managers said are crucial to protect people who get a vaccine, particularly when more kinds of vaccines are being added to the mix like Covid-19 boosters and flu shots, and possibly Covid-19 shots for kids that would require a different kind of dosage.

“The system that pharmacies use is very similar to what they use in medication,” said Mitch Rothholz, the head of immunization policy at the American Pharmacists Association. “It’s checking, double-checking and even triple-checking everything.”

“It also involves putting systems in place that limit human error,” Rothholz said.

Avoiding vaccine mix-ups

Vaccine safety starts with how the product is stored and labeled, Rothholz said. If products look similar, stores will keep the vaccines in different parts of storage.

At mass vaccine clinics with multiple vaccines, people seeking different shots will wait in separate sections. People who need a Moderna shot, for example, will be filtered into one section of the site, another section will be for Pfizer, another for Johnson & Johnson. Each section will be clearly marked with signs.

Often, Freeman said, clinics will provide just one kind of vaccine at a time to avoid any possible confusion.

Freeman said there is a lot of thought and redundancy that goes into giving out a vaccine. At many clinics, people will be asked to pre-register and then when they get to the clinic, a greeter will verify the person’s information. Then there’s registration, and then another check when the person administers the shot.

Some personal responsibility is also involved, the vaccine managers said. A vaccinator can steer that with a conversation as they give someone the vaccine.

“When I give a vaccine, I always say ‘OK, I’m giving you this particular vaccine. Is this correct?'” Rothholz said. “If I’m giving out more than one vaccine at a time, I’ll be sure to give one in each arm and repeat what I’m doing, and say, ‘I’m giving you your Covid vaccine in your left and your flu vaccine in your right,’ ” Rothholz said.

Rottholz urged people to bring their vaccine cards with them as an additional check. That way, the vaccinator can reconfirm that the vaccine they are giving the person comes from the same manufacturer if it is a second or third shot.

What happens after a rare mix-up

In the extremely rare circumstance that someone gets the wrong vaccine, Freeman recommends clear communication on behalf of the person who gave the vaccine and on behalf of the person who received one.

Communication should happen immediately, and the person who got the wrong vaccine should seek care right away — and follow up to get the vaccine they should have received in the first place.

How much the wrong shot would impact a person’s health depends on a number of factors, Freeman said. If a small child gets a larger Covid-19 vaccine dose meant for an adult, they may feel side effects, for example. If someone is allergic to one of the mRNA vaccines, that could be an issue.

But if someone gets a Moderna vaccine when they were supposed to be getting a Pfizer booster, they are unlikely to notice. There’s no recommendation for now to mix Covid-19 vaccines, but early study suggests no side effects result from mixing vaccine types — especially the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines, which use the same mRNA technology.

Ultimately, it’s always good to talk to a doctor in the unlikely event that a mix-up would happen, she said.

“I think you just want to get it checked out,” Freeman said.

In the case of the Indiana family, Dr. Peter Hotez, dean of the National School of Tropical Medicine at Baylor College of Medicine said the children should “probably do OK.”

“It is concerning they got a higher dose and they have to be monitored, but they should do really well,” he said. “There is a lot of data out there now in 5-year-olds and older.”

Pediatricians who have been testing Covid-19 vaccines in younger children tried a variety of doses, including full adult doses. And children 12 and up have been receiving the adult dose safely.

As for the parents, getting the Covid-19 vaccine would be like getting a booster shot.

“The big concern there is that it may not be as effective as it would be if they received it after six months,” Hotez said.

Vaccine maker Moderna asked the FDA to authorize a booster that is half the dose of the initial two shots. To prevent mixups, it plans to prepare a “Dear Health Care Provider” letter explaining how the different doses will need to be administered. “We recognize that this will require some education and enforcement,” the company told the FDA on Thursday.

From a provider perspective, Rothholz said, he wants to reassure people that even with all the complicated logistics of administering multiple different kinds of vaccines, providers put a lot of thought into the safety systems they use. And with the Covid-19 pandemic, they’ve had a lot of practice refining the vaccination process.

“It’s a lot of moving parts, but we have experience with this,” Rottholz said. The clinic in his community has given 50,000 vaccines without any trouble,” he added.

“We’ve got this down to a science.”

© Scott Eisen/Getty Images A woman receives the COVID-19 vaccine at Gillette Stadium on January 15, 2021 in Foxborough, Massachusetts.
© Gerald Herbert/AP A worker readies syringes with the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine Monday, March 29, 2021, at “Vaccine Fest,” a 24-hour COVID-19 mass vaccination event in Metairie, La., just outside New Orleans, hosted by Ochsner Health System and the Jefferson Parish Government. Every adult in Louisiana over the age of 16 is now eligible to get vaccinated against the coronavirus as the state’s expanded eligibility went into effect Monday. (AP Photo/Gerald Herbert)

Internet Explorer Channel Network
Asia's Tech News Daily
News Related

OTHER NEWS

NC State's historic comeback against North Carolina adds a dramatic chapter to in-state rivalry

RALEIGH, N.C. — Emeka Emezie’s final catch at Carter-Finley Stadium will be the one that’s never forgotten. Playing in his final home game as a fifth-year senior, Emezie hauled in ... Read more »

Havana Syndrome: FBI warns staff amid reports of symptoms among agents

Photograph: Joshua Roberts/Reuters The FBI has warned its employees about Havana Syndrome, a mysterious ailment that appears to have affected US diplomats and spies in several countries in recent years ... Read more »

CIA director is said to have warned Russia of 'consequences' if it's found to be behind the 'Havana Syndrome' illnesses hurting US personnel around the world

Russian President Vladimir Putin.Photo by Mikhail Svetlov/Getty Images US personnel have reported brain damage and other symptoms of the mysterious “Havana Syndrome.” CIA Director Bill Burns warned Russian intel services ... Read more »

New COVID variant threat causes worldwide scramble

The Associated PressPeople line up to get on the Air France flight to Paris at OR Tambo International Airport in Johannesburg, South Africa, Friday Nov. 26, 2021. A slew of ... Read more »

Kalscheur leads Iowa State to 78-59 rout of No. 9 Memphis

NEW YORK (AP) — Gabe Kalscheur scored 30 points and led Iowa State to a 78-59 win over No. 9 Memphis in the NIT Season Tip-Off championship game on Friday ... Read more »

Target Black Friday 2021 deals are still going strong: 100+ best deals you can still get on iPhones, iRobot and more

— Recommendations are independently chosen by Reviewed’s editors. Purchases you make through our links may earn us a commission. Target Black Friday deals aren’t over yet. In fact, they’re just ... Read more »

Samsung Black Friday deals are still going—get massive savings on Samsung Galaxy, TVs, and more

— Recommendations are independently chosen by Reviewed’s editors. Purchases you make through our links may earn us a commission. If you’re worried that you missed the best savings available for ... Read more »

Best Buy Black Friday 2021 isn't over yet—shop 150+ steep discounts on Bose, Sony and more

— Recommendations are independently chosen by Reviewed’s editors. Purchases you make through our links may earn us a commission. Best Buy’s official Black Friday sale is hitting its stride right ... Read more »

125+ Walmart Black Friday 2021 deals you can still shop—save on AirPods, Switches and more

— Recommendations are independently chosen by Reviewed’s editors. Purchases you make through our links may earn us a commission. Walmart’s official Black Friday 2021 deals are still here—and there’s an ... Read more »

Martin Jr scores 20 as Montana tops Southern Miss 74-62

MISSOULA, Mont. (AP) — Lonnell Martin Jr. had 20 points as Montana beat Southern Miss 74-62 on Friday night. Robby Beasley III had 17 points for Montana (4-2), which won ... Read more »

Bucks beat Nuggets 120-109, extend win streak to 6 games

DENVER (AP) — Giannis Antetokounmpo had 24 points and 13 rebounds, Pat Connaughton added 20 points off the bench and the Milwaukee Bucks beat the depleted Denver Nuggets 120-109 on ... Read more »

Black Friday 2021 isn't over yet—shop 375+ epic deals that are too good to miss: Live updates

— Recommendations are independently chosen by Reviewed’s editors. Purchases you make through our links may earn us a commission. It’s not Friday, but that doesn’t mean Black Friday 2021 is ... Read more »

The best Macy's Black Friday 2021 deals you can still get—save on KitchenAid, All-Clad and more

— Recommendations are independently chosen by Reviewed’s editors. Purchases you make through our links may earn us a commission. Macy’s Black Friday 2021 deals are here and they’re bringing all ... Read more »

150+ epic deals you can still score at Amazon's Black Friday sale: Shop iRobot, Eufy and more

— Recommendations are independently chosen by Reviewed’s editors. Purchases you make through our links may earn us a commission. Black Friday isn’t gone yet—at least not according to Amazon, whose ... Read more »

Former Radgowski inmate charged with assaulting correction officers

Nov. 27—MONTVILLE — A former inmate at the Radgowski building of the Corrigan-Radgowski Correctional Center was arrested last week on charges related to the alleged assault of two correctional officers ... Read more »

Man sentenced to 18 months for 2019 funeral shooting near Frederick

Nov. 27—A man charged after a 2019 shooting at a funeral near Frederick is serving an 18-month sentence after pleading guilty to first-degree assault. Demar C. Allen, 29, of Germantown, ... Read more »

Efforts continue to uncover Windber teen's fate 34 years after disappearance

Nov. 27—WINDBER, Pa. — More people have joined the effort to uncover what happened to Windber teenager Alicia Markovich 34 years ago, long-time friend Chrissie Boyer said. Friends and family ... Read more »

Graham's 3-pointer lifts Pelicans to 98-97 win over Jazz

SALT LAKE CITY (AP) — Devonte’ Graham made a go-ahead 3-pointer with 1.9 seconds to lift the New Orleans Pelicans to a 98-97 victory over the Utah Jazz on Friday ... Read more »

Tucson police officer dies of unspecified medical condition

The Tucson Police Department reported the death of Detective Jason Southard on Friday morning. Southard passed away after being hospitalized for an unspecified medical condition, the Tucson police announced on ... Read more »

The CEO of cosmetics retailer Lush says he's 'happy to lose' $13 million by deleting Facebook, TikTok, Snapchat accounts over teen mental-health harms

Lush is making waves for shutting down its Facebook, Instagram, TikTok, and Snapchat accounts in the wake of the Facebook whistleblower revelations.Sergei Fadeichev/Getty Images UK cosmetics company Lush shut down ... Read more »

Etienne, Udeze catapult Wichita State over Missouri 61-55

COLUMBIA, Mo. (AP) — Tyson Etienne scored 13 of his 18 points in the second half and Morris Udeze netted 11 of his 15 points after intermission to help Wichita ... Read more »

Higgins leads CS Bakersfield past Boise St. 46-39

BOISE, Idaho (AP) — Kaleb Higgins had 11 points as Cal State Bakersfield topped Boise State 46-39 on Friday night. Devonaire Doutrive had 15 points and six rebounds for the ... Read more »

'This has been some trying times:' Diego Sanchez in hospital with serious case of COVID-19

Diego Sanchez’s struggle with COVID-19 has left him hospitalized. Sanchez, a UFC Hall of Famer, posted an update last week, saying that he was doing better after qualifying for Regeneron ... Read more »

Trooper's killer denied parole

Nov. 26—The killer of Oregon State Police Sgt. James D. Shepherd will spend at least four more years in prison. Last week, Michael Edward Sture, who gunned down the state ... Read more »

Hammond fisherman gets new trial in sex abuse case

Nov. 26—A Hammond fisherman sentenced in 2019 to more than 13 years in prison for sex crimes will get a new trial. A judge in Marion County, where Dennis Lee ... Read more »

Gun violence sends Black Friday shoppers scurrying in North Carolina, Washington state

By Steve Gorman (Reuters) – Gun violence erupted at retail outlets crowded with post-Thanksgiving holiday shoppers in North Carolina and Washington state on Friday, sending bystanders at both locations scurrying ... Read more »

Jeffries lifts Wyoming over Hastings College 108-59

LARAMIE, Wyo. (AP) — Drake Jeffries had a career-high 33 points as Wyoming easily defeated Hastings College 108-59 on Friday night. Xavier DuSell had 20 points and six assists for ... Read more »

Broome leads Morehead St. past Arkansas St. 75-51

JONESBORO, Ark. (AP) — Johni Broome had 20 points as Morehead State rolled past Arkansas State 75-51 on Friday night. Broome made 10 of 11 shots. He added nine rebounds ... Read more »

Spurs best Celtics 96-88 after blowing 24-point advantage

SAN ANTONIO (AP) — Dejounte Murray had 29 points and 11 rebounds and the San Antonio Spurs rallied in the final minute after blowing a 24-point lead to beat the ... Read more »

South Africa: Today's latest news and headlines, Saturday 26 November 2021

© Provided by The South African We’ve got the latest news stories and headlines in South Africa on Saturday 26 November 2021. After news broke earlier this week that a ... Read more »

Texas A&M regroups in second half, beats South Dakota 58-44

ST. THOMAS, Virgin Islands (AP) — Kayla Wells scored 20 points and No. 23 Texas A&M overcame a nine-point halftime deficit to defeat South Dakota 58-44 on Friday night at ... Read more »

Nani's 2022 option declined by Major League Soccer's Orlando

ORLANDO, Fla. (AP) — Nani’s 2022 option was declined by Major League Soccer’s Orlando on Friday, allowing the 35-year-old forward to leave on a free transfer. Nani scored 28 goals ... Read more »

Sherman scores 28, West Virginia beats Eastern Kentucky

MORGANTOWN, W.Va. (AP) — Taz Sherman scored a career-high 28 points to lead West Virginia to an 80-77 comeback victory over Eastern Kentucky on Friday night. Malik Curry scored 10 ... Read more »

Kansas City police investigate deadly shooting; victim was found at corner market

Kansas City police are investigating a shooting reported Friday night in the 4300 block of Cleveland Avenue that left one man dead. Officers initially responded to the sound of shots ... Read more »

Grizzlies star Ja Morant leaves games with left knee injury, will undergo further tests

Memphis Grizzlies star guard Ja Morant left Friday’s game against the Atlanta Hawks in the first quarter with a left knee injury and will not return. Morant’s right knee came ... Read more »

NT authorities awaiting Covid-19 sequence to rule out positive case has Omicron variant

Authorities are waiting on test results of a positive case who returned from South Africa to find out if the newest Covid-19 variant of concern has arrived in Australia. While ... Read more »

Domask carries S. Illinois over Alcorn St. 62-59

CARBONDALE, Ill. (AP) — Lance Jones grabbed an offensive rebound and turned it into a game-winning layup with 12 seconds left to lift Southern Illinois to a 62-59 win over ... Read more »

Meet the ‘megaspider': Fangs so powerful, it can bite through fingernails

Meet the ‘megaspider’: Fangs so powerful, it can bite through fingernails Once again a terrifying insect from Australia is making international headlines. This time it’s a ‘megaspider’ that can bite ... Read more »

Coronavirus variant found in Israel

The new coronavirus variant has been detected in Israel. The corruption trial of former Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu continues with more high-profile testimony. CBS News radio correspondent Robert Berger joins ... Read more »

Longtime Erie FBI agent targets relationship building in new role as supervisory senior agent

An FBI agent who has spent his entire career working cases and building relationships in Erie is now at the helm of the agency's local office. Jason T. Crouse, 47, ... Read more »
On free-english-test.com you will find lots of free English exam practice materials to help you improve your English skills: grammar, listening, reading, writing, ielts, toeic