Scorched earth: The climate impact of conflict

Scorched earth: The climate impact of conflict

Burning wells during the 1991 Gulf War generated over 2% of CO2 emissions that year

Scorched earth: The climate impact of conflict

War exacerbates climate impacts in many ways — even after troops are long gone

Scorched earth: The climate impact of conflict

The US under President Biden has committed to swifter emission reductions but so far has exempted the military

Scorched earth: The climate impact of conflict

In 1991 Gulf War, Iraqi troops retreating from Kuwait smashed and torched 727 wells, badly polluting the atmosphere

From the dumping of defoliants like Agent Orange on forests in Vietnam to oil wells set ablaze during the Gulf War and the contamination of the aquifers bombed in Gaza, environmental destruction has long been a by-product of conflict.

Less talked about is the impact of war and the military on the climate crisis. This is partly because military emissions have been largely exempted from international climate treaties, starting with the 1997 Kyoto Protocol.

“The US military did not want to limit its supremacy by being constrained,” explained Neta C. Crawford, professor of political science at Boston University and co-director of the Costs of War project. In the wake of the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1990, the military feared that emission constraints might sacrifice its newfound “global hegemony.”         

Yet if the US military was a nation, it would be one of the top 50 largest greenhouse gas emitters in the world, putting it above Sweden or Denmark, says Crawford in her paper on “Pentagon Fuel Use, Climate Change, and the Costs of War.”

Her research is one of a growing body of work that has recently revealed the outsized carbon emissions of the global military system.

One breakout 2019 study by Lancaster and Durham University researchers shows that the US military, the world’s largest war machine, is itself the single biggest institutional consumer of hydrocarbons on the planet. 

Scorched earth: The climate impact of conflict

War exacerbates climate impacts in many ways — even after troops are long gone

Conflict and climate: A double-edged sword

Though the militaries around the world have for decades been concerned that a growing climate crisis will be the key trigger of future conflict, they have done little to address their role in exacerbating this climate change.

Military willingness to prepare for conflict caused by displacement and resources scarcity linked to increased drought and flooding, for example, has ironically failed to incorporate strategies to mitigate the root cause of this crisis, says Crawford.

“They are ahead of the curve on adapting but are not ahead on their impact,” Crawford said of the US military, noting that the navy is already insulating itself from sea level rise by raising up its bases in ports and harbors from Virginia to Florida.

Armies have been pioneers in utilizing solar energy, hybrid-powered vehicles and biofuels, especially in combat zones like Afghanistan, to reduce reliance on diesel fuel power that can be attacked during transportation. Too often, however, climate adaptation initiatives have a purely military end, says Patrick Bigger, a lecturer at the Lancaster University Environment Centre and an expert on US military emissions.

“Any green impacts are an added bonus to the main goal of increasing force readiness,” he said of US military climate adaption strategies that do not address the carbon “bootprint” of a war machine that uses some 270,000 barrels of oil a day.

Climate impacts beyond emissions

Doug Weir, research and policy director at The Conflict and Environment Observatory (CEOBS), says the military needs to move beyond “energy security” motivations and instead look to the “broader benefits” for the climate.

But even if the military shifted to renewables to reduce its massive carbon emissions, war exacerbates climate impacts in manifold ways.        

After the decades-long Colombia conflict, deforestation occurred on a much wider scale due to the governance vacuum left in territory held by the FARC rebels, notes Weir. “You’ve seen huge increases in deforestation,” he said of these “ungoverned spaces” where former carbon sinks are now “contributing to emissions as well as impacting biodiversity.”

“Awareness and coverage of this topic is more or less absent from the climate debate,” said Deborah Burton, co-founder of Tipping Point North South (TPNS), a UK climate justice cooperative that is advocating for a “transform defense” concept that will align military strategies to climate mitigation.

One solution will be “to shut down the military machine in a way, to slow it down and shrink it,” said Benjamin Neimark, senior lecturer at the Lancaster University Environment Centre — including shutting some of the 800 US military bases maintained in over 70 countries.

But it’s a message that may not play very well politically in the US, said Patrick Bigger, noting that President Joe Biden’s recent raising of climate targets made little mention of military emissions.

Though Biden invoked a “whole-of-government” approach to his new climate action plan, he did not include a Department of Defense that consumes “a majority of [the government’s] discretionary spending” via a near $800 billion (€658 billion) annual budget, Bigger added.

Scorched earth: The climate impact of conflict

The US under President Biden has committed to swifter emission reductions but so far has exempted the military

Lack of transparent reporting

The EU military, the world’s second-largest armed forces, are often unwilling to report many of their emissions due to “national security” concerns, explains Linsey Cottrell, CEOBS’ environmental policy officer and co-author of a report on the EU military carbon footprint.

Cottrell estimates that UK military emissions are “at least three times higher” than reported, since indirect emissions generated by the production of military equipment and weapons, for example, are not included.

“If you don’t measure it you can’t manage it,” Cottrell said. “You need robust, comparable and transparent reporting.”

This feeds into what Weir calls “a general culture of environmental exceptionalism when it comes to militaries.” Not only have war emissions been excused from national carbon calculations: Militaries also enjoy exemptions from some chemical and waste management standards, including on mercury, he explains.

Fossil fuel lock-in 

Crawford notes that the burning of oil wells and the destruction of fossil fuel infrastructure during war is another impact that is not reported. By one estimate, the blazing oil wells during the 1991 Gulf War accounted for 2-3% of global emissions that year.

Scorched earth: The climate impact of conflict

In 1991 Gulf War, Iraqi troops retreating from Kuwait smashed and torched 727 wells, badly polluting the atmosphere

The lack of climate accountability allows militaries to perpetuate a “fossil-fuel lock-in,” Bigger said.

He notes that the upcoming 2022 US military budget will include commissions for new petrol-fueled jets and warships that will “invariably” run on carbon-heavy bunker fuel.

“How can top militaries decarbonize when fossil-fuel guzzlers will be in service for the next decades?” Burton said of long-term contracts for weapons such as a new fleet of F35 fighter jets said to consume near 6,000 liters of fuel (1,585 gallons) per flight hour.  

NATO talks up net-zero emissions   

But carbon neutrality has started to creep into the military lexicon. The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) recently urged member states of its massive army to reach net-zero emissions by 2050.

Cottrell says that NATO’s net-zero rhetoric, while welcomed, will be meaningless unless “state members follow through and provide meaningful pledges.” This so far hasn’t happened. She says that targets for energy conservation and a transition to renewables backed by regular and transparent reporting must underline commitments in the lead-up to the pivotal COP26 climate summit in Glasgow in November.

Climate activist Burton says that the global annual military budget is now around $2 trillion (€1.6 trillion) a year — around 12 times the annual climate budget — and wants governments to adopt a Green New Deal “Plus” policy that marks a retreat from “big-ticket weaponry.”

Meanwhile, the Conflict and Environment Observatory has recently called for governments to make a military greenhouse gas emission reduction pledge at COP26 that is consistent with the 1.5-degree Celsius target specified by the Paris climate accord.

  • Scorched earth: The climate impact of conflict

    World water conflicts: The global hot spots

    Water conflicts worldwide

    Water conflicts have more than doubled over the last 10 years compared to previous decades, research shows. Sometimes the essential resource is at the root of these clashes but more often than not, disputes over water alone will not spark violence. Instead, water can act as an accelerant when mixed together with other problems, such as poverty, inequality and hunger.

  • Scorched earth: The climate impact of conflict

    World water conflicts: The global hot spots

    Iran’s multiple water disputes

    Population growth, urbanization, poor infrastructure and governance have been driving water tensions in Iran. But the country has also seen discord with Afghanistan over how to share the Helmand River’s waters. Iran is concerned about its neighbor’s Kamal Khan Dam, which opened in 2021, as it will restrict water flow to one of its provinces. Some fear the dispute could turn violent.

  • Scorched earth: The climate impact of conflict

    World water conflicts: The global hot spots

    Pakistan’s tireless fight over water with India

    The Indus river, shared by India and Pakistan, has long been a point of contention. The countries divided up the rights to the river and its tributaries in the 1960 Indus Waters Treaty. But tensions have flared recently. Pakistan says India has stopped water flowing into the Islamic Republic and accuses its neighbor of using water as a weapon in the ongoing dispute over Kashmir.

  • Scorched earth: The climate impact of conflict

    World water conflicts: The global hot spots

    India’s water woes

    India’s water crisis spans from its ongoing conflict over the Indus river with Pakistan to droughts that have repeatedly caused severe water shortages across the country. Delayed monsoon rains have recently added to the crisis, with estimates showing that 40% of India’s population may not have access to drinking water by 2030.

  • Scorched earth: The climate impact of conflict

    World water conflicts: The global hot spots

    Nigeria faces ongoing water challenges

    Water-related violence in Nigeria is responsible for more casualties than militant Islamist group Boko Haram. In the country’s north, where the group has been waging war since 2010, they’re also demanding the government provide clean water. Elsewhere, a lack of rain in their own grazing areas, is causing Muslim Fulani herders to move onto land owned by Christian farmers, leading to clashes.

  • Scorched earth: The climate impact of conflict

    World water conflicts: The global hot spots

    Violent water tensions in Mali

    In Mali, farmers and herders have been fighting over scarce water and land resources, against a backdrop of ethnic tensions, armed groups and population rise. In 2019, a combination of these factors led to mass killings in the Inner Niger Delta, a central Malian wetland. Government plans to build dams that may affect over a million farmers, herders and fishers in the Delta could make things worse.

  • Scorched earth: The climate impact of conflict

    World water conflicts: The global hot spots

    Iraq’s multifaceted water crisis

    Iraq’s ongoing water crisis is complex. Droughts, decreasing annual rainfall, changing weather patterns and pollution all play a role. The state has faced repeated criticism over its failure to properly manage water resources and further destabilizing the country. In late 2019, Iraq’s prime minister resigned amid mass protests, partly over lack of access to electricity and clean water.

    Author: Sarah Mewes

News Related


2022 Heisman Trophy odds, picks, predictions: Bet on three long shots

It took just 13 starts for Alabama quarterback Bryce Young to establish himself as the top player in college football. Oddsmakers aren’t expecting a repeat performance from the reigning Heisman ... Read more »

Aussie entrepreneur says stores rejected ‘Bloody Karen’ cocktail fearing complaints

A Perth mum behind a $35 million hot sauce and cocktail empire says her latest product has been rejected by retailers who fear complaints from “Karens” over its name. Renae ... Read more »

UN investigator: Contemporary slavery extensive and in China

UN investigator: Contemporary slavery extensive and in China A U.N. investigator says contemporary forms of slavery are widely practiced around the world, including forced labor for China’s Uyghur minority UNITED ... Read more »

Horror as girl, 1, struck and killed by Amazon van in apartment block car park

A 23-month-old girl has been tragically killed by an Amazon van in a car park outside a block of flats, police say. Authorities in the town of Irvine in California ... Read more »

Texas Executes Man Convicted of Murdering McKinney Real Estate Agent

Per-Anders Pettersson/Liaison Texas on Wednesday put to death a man who fatally stabbed a Collin County real estate agent more than 16 years ago, the second execution this year in ... Read more »

Fact Check: Trump's Dubious ‘Standing Order' to Declassify Documents

The fact that Trump may have been holding classified documents has raised the stakes of the investigation Read more »

Cautionary health advisory issued for algae bloom in Shuswap Lake in B.C.

A cautionary health advisory has been issued for a sizeable algae bloom in Shuswap Lake in B.C.’s Southern Interior. On Wednesday, the Columbia Shuswap Regional District (CSRD) says it, B.C. ... Read more »

COVID-19 hospitalizations and deaths in Canada stable, but higher than past summers

COVID-19 hospitalizations, deaths and confirmed case counts across Canada are relatively stable after an early summer wave, but they remain far higher than past years, data shows. As of Wednesday, ... Read more »

Salman Rushdie’s attacker ‘surprised’ to learn author survived stabbing

The man charged with stabbing Salman Rushdie on a lecture stage in western New York said in an interview that he was surprised to learn the accomplished author had survived the attack. ... Read more »

India backtracks on promise to provide Rohingya refugees with housing

India's home ministry said on Wednesday that Rohingya refugees in the capital New Delhi would be held at a detention centre and then deported, contradicting a minister's earlier statement promising ... Read more »

CFP considering drastic move that would take college football out of NCAA

Major college football may at some point no longer being part of the NCAA. That idea was reportedly discussed during a recent Zoom meeting between the 11 college presidents and ... Read more »

Brett Baty makes immediate impact for New York Mets, who place Eduardo Escobar on injured list

Brett Baty makes immediate impact for New York Mets, who place Eduardo Escobar on injured list ATLANTA — The New York Mets called up top prospect Brett Baty on Wednesday ... Read more »

Why Taylor Swift Was Denied A Guest Spot In The Twilight Saga: New Moon

Dimitrios Kambouris/Getty Images Back in the 2000s, two cultural phenomena had everyone talking: the “Twilight Saga” series of films and books and country-turned-pop musician Taylor Swift. It’s probably not surprising ... Read more »

The Jurassic Park Moment That's Forever Ingrained In Laura Dern's Memory

Andrea Raffin/Shutterstock Laura Dern has found herself in some truly remarkable scenarios over the years. She’s helped lead the Resistance in “Star Wars: The Last Jedi,” mediated the spectacular self-destruction ... Read more »

Chicago Air and Water Show Forecast: Could Rain Derail the Festivities?

Link video: The highly-anticipated Chicago Air and Water Show is set to return to the shores of Lake Michigan this weekend, but could showers and thunderstorms put a damper ... Read more »

Ex-B.C. journalist and democracy activist placed on Chinese ‘wanted’ list

Most Canadians will never wake up to find a pair of agents with Canada’s national spy agency at their door, but that’s the situation a former newspaper editor living on ... Read more »

‘RuPaul’s Drag Race’ Helps Young LGBTQ People ‘To Be Courageous’ — Awardsline Screening Series

RuPaul’s Drag Race on VH1 is not just a show that both entertains and brings the house down with knee-slapping moments. It also serves as a beacon for young LGBTQ ... Read more »

Dr. Oz Finally Explains Viral “Crudité” Shopping Video Mistakes: “I Was Exhausted”

Dr. Oz Newsmax via YouTube For the first time since an old video of him shopping for crudité went viral, Pennsylvania Senate candidate Dr. Mehmet Oz has spoken out. “I’m ... Read more »

Trump ruffles feathers by endorsing Dan Goldman, Carolyn Maloney in key NYC congressional races

Though he’s not on Twitter anymore, Donald Trump still knows how to troll. The twice-impeached former president ruffled political feathers in his native New York City late Wednesday by offering ... Read more »

Jamie Laing was ‘freaking out’ while basically flashing manhood to millions on Strictly Come Dancing

Jamie gave Strictly fans an eyeful (Picture: David Fisher/REX) Jamie Laing basically flashed his manhood to the nation while he was on Strictly Come Dancing. The Made in Chelsea star, ... Read more »

Only Murders In The Building fans rocked by bombshell twist ahead of season 2 finale: ‘This show never fails to amaze me’

*WARNING: Spoilers for Only Murders In The Building below* Only Murders In The Building bosses took viewers on a journey all the way back to the beginning in the latest ... Read more »

Tragic toddler, 3, dies in 37C car after ‘dad left him to go for drink with his brother’

A THREE-year-old baby died after his father left him in a 37 degree car while he went for a drink, reports suggest.   Sifeddin Malahaji, 34, was devastated when he ... Read more »

Mum sells classic 1982 Bordeaux for £185 after winning it for just 50p in school tombola

A MUM who won a bottle of plonk in a 50p school tombola later sold it for £185. Kerry Carty planned to give away the red wine but looked up ... Read more »

Teen twins pass driving tests at same time as they set off simultaneously

TEENAGE twins passed their driving tests in the same place at the same time on the same day. Alfie and Emma Willis, 18, set off simultaneously, returned two minutes apart ... Read more »

I’ve endured many piercings — and this one is the most painful to get

A professional piercer named Charlotte is going viral for ranking her most painful facial holes. piercedbycharlotte/Tiktok A professional piercer is going viral for ranking her most painful facial holes. In ... Read more »

Monkeypox cancels free concert held at Southern Decadence

Monkeypox cancels free concert held at Southern Decadence The Bourbon Street Extravaganza, a free concert held in New Orleans amid Southern Decadence _ one of the nation’s largest LGBTQ events ... Read more »

Plan for Brisbane's Mount Coot-tha botanic gardens to host Australian-first night light show by Lumina Night Walks

Brisbane City Council’s plans to allow a multimedia light and art show at Mount Coot-tha, like this one at Singapore Zoo, are under scrutiny. (Supplied: Brisbane’s Mount Coot-tha Botanic ... Read more »

Celtics Reveal Plans to Honor Bill Russell During 2022-23 NBA Season

The team will unveil a tribute City Edition uniform in its season opener against the Sixers Read more »

Column: LeBron James’ new contract guarantees one thing — more Lakers mediocrity

Two more guaranteed years of LeBron James? Two more years of history, two more years of glamour, two more years of buzz. Two more years of injury reports, two more ... Read more »

Evolving horizons in trans-disciplinary approaches to humanities and social sciences education

Needing a new touch in education. PTI There was a time, that lasted roughly half a dozen decades between the 1960s and the early 2010s, when the trend among young ... Read more »

PM to visit the Torres Strait for Voice to Parliament talks

Prime Minister Anthony Albanese is set to meet with Indigenous Elders during a visit to the Torres Strait for talks on what form a Voice to Parliament would look like. Mr ... Read more »

Mets’ Brett Baty belts two-run homer in his first major league at-bat

Mets top prospect Brett Baty began his MLB career with bang. The 22-year-old third baseman, called up to the Mets Wednesday, belted a two-run homer in his first at-bat in ... Read more »

Asia-Pacific Markets Poised for Lower Open After Wall Street Cools Following Fed Minutes

This is CNBC’s live blog covering updates on Asia-Pacific markets. Toru Hanai | Bloomberg | Getty ImagesAn employee works at the Tokyo Stock Exchange in Tokyo, Japan, on Jan. 13, ... Read more »

LA firefighter denies showing pics of Bryant’s body at gala after helicopter crash

A Los Angeles County firefighter denied under oath Wednesday that he showed photos of Kobe Bryant’s mangled body to guests at a gala less than a month after the helicopter ... Read more »

Strictly star Matt Goss selling US possessions ahead of UK return

jQuery(function(){ if (typeof jwplayer_load == typeof indefined) { var jwplayer_load = 1; jQuery(window).load(function(){ jQuery(".sc_video_shortcode_jwplayer").each(function(){ var _this = $(this); jQuery.get(jQuery(this).attr("url"), function(data, status){ if (typeof data.split("\n") !== typeof undefined) { var src ... Read more »

CDC director calls for agency overhaul after ‘slow and confusing’ Covid response

CDC Director Rochelle Walensky called for sweeping changes after an external review found its response to the coronavirus pandemic to be slow and confusing (Picture: Reuters/AP) The director of the ... Read more »

Hockey world reacts to legendary broadcaster Bob Ridley’s retirement

His voice is the soundtrack to thousands of Medicine Hat Tigers’ hockey memories. “All the people that listened to Bob Ridley on the radio… if they weren’t actually at the ... Read more »

Randy Martin Dies: The ‘Lone Wolf’ Of DIY’s ‘Texas Flip N Move’ Was 65

DIY Network Randy Martin, known as the “Lone Wolf” from reality TV’s Texas Flip N Move on the DIY Network, has died at age 65 from liver cancer. His death ... Read more »

I don’t use deodorant, rarely shower — and I’m proud to be musty

Addie Kirchner wrote on the video she doesn’t smell- despite her shower habits. @addiekirchner A woman who claims she doesn’t shower often or use deodorant says that despite her lack ... Read more »

Tax cheat Robert F. Smith bought ranch, ski condos, nightclub with hidden money: report

Billionaire Robert F. Smith put his girlfriend up in a Manhattan apartment and bought expensive homes in California, Colorado and France with untaxed income, according to a leaked court document ... Read more »
10 Must-Try Restaurants in Genting HighlandsHow This Filipino Ballerina Got Accepted Into the Bavaria Ballet Academy in Germany9 Amazing Things To Do In Historic Lancaster, California25 FUN Things to do in Fremantle, WA7 Amazing Experiences Not To Miss In QatarHow To Spend A Luxurious Weekend On Gorgeous Lake Oconee, Georgia7 Places To Experience Jewish History In ParisTraveler Favorite Buc-ee’s Opening First Location In The MidwestBean-Hungry Black Bears Close Campground In Big Bend National Park15 Best Things to Do in Taunton18 Exciting Things to Do in Busan For an Extra Great Trip15 Best Things to Do in Weymouth15 Best Things to Do in New BedfordFrom Seminyak to Ubud: 15 Must-Visit Spots in BaliWhere to Shop in Japan: Tokyo, Osaka, and Kyoto EditionDunkin’ Spanish Latte Now Available — Here’s Where You Can Order One10 Experiences in Sabah That Will Make You Fall in Love With The Land Below The Wind4 Smartest Ways to Save Money When Visiting Sydney6 Student Hacks That Will Save You Big Money on Fun Things Around SydneyHow to Explore Bali - 1 Week Itinerary in the Tropical Paradise6 Clever Hacks to Make Your Trip In Melbourne Easier (and Cheaper)7 Thrifty Tips to Help You Travel in Singapore On a Budget21 FUN Things to do in Ushuaia, Argentina9 Amazing Experiences For Food Lovers In Northern France11 Fantastic Experiences With Your Grandchildren In Santa Rosa5 Best Tips to Book Cheap FlightsMy 5 Favorite Unexpected Perks Of Slow TravelClimbers Of This Popular Path In France Now Required To Pay Rescue DepositThis Airline First To Test Deplaning Passengers Through Three Doors25 Fun Things To Do In Singapore At Night: Mini Golf, Skyline Luge and MoreThings To Do Weekend Singapore August 2022: Singapore Night Festival, Subway Museum & More!33 Things To Do In Singapore With Kids This School HolidaysNew Events In Singapore 2022: Singapore Night Festival, A Minions Perspective Experience, Cinewav Movies in the Sky & More!30 Top Kids Activities To Do With Your Family For A Fun WeekendSurvey Shows Singaporeans Want to Travel to Japan The Most21 Hotels With Huge Luxurious Bathtubs In Singapore For You To Soak Your Worries Away15 Best Things to Do in Fall RiverStaycation Singapore: 51 Hotels In Singapore To Enjoy Your Staycation33 FUN Things to do in Antigua, GuatemalaBacolod Tourist Spots: 10 Things to Do for Foodies & History Buffs10 Best Cafes in Sydney for Coffee, Brunch, and Vegan Food15 BEST Restaurants in Sayulita, Mexico10 Hotels with Halal Breakfast, Buffets and Restaurants in Singapore21 Best Things to do in Acapulco, MexicoI Tried Hang Gliding At Age 55, Here’s Why I Think You’ll Love ItHow To Spend 3 Perfect Days In Switzerland’s Jungfrau RegionHow To Spend A Perfect Weekend In South Bend, IndianaThe One Thing We Are Trying Before We Retire Abroad7 Things To Do In Charming Edgerton, WisconsinBirds of Iceland: An Introductory GuideViking Debuts New Ship In Southeast Asia Specially Designed To Sail The Mekong River15 Best Things to Do in SomervilleNew National Parks Series Debuts On Nat Geo This Month And You May Recognize The Narrator’s Famous VoiceDigital Nomads Can Apply for a 10-Year Visa to Thailand From Sep 20228 Unique Mooncakes in Singapore 2022 to Celebrate Mid-Autumn Festival10 Family-Friendly Destinations for Your 2022 Year-End Trips57 Top Things To Do In Singapore - Attractions, Interesting Places To Visit & Fun Things To DoTop 35 Must-Visit Historical Places & Landmarks in the Philippines15 Best Things to Do in Framingham10 Things You Should Never Do in Hawaii15 Things to Do in Jeju for a Different Kind of Island GetawayMy 7 Favorite Wineries In California To Sip ChardonnayMy 5 Favorite Luxurious Experiences At Scottsdale’s Top ResortsThe Perfect 3-Day Visit To Beautiful Évora, Portugal7 Reasons To Explore Stunning Peggy’s Cove, Nova ScotiaRetirement Diaries: Diane Says Start Your Planning EarlyWhy I Love These 5 Campsites In France More Than Any HotelWe Have 21 Airline And Hotel Credit Cards, Here’s What We Love About Each OneThe 15 Most Beautiful Places To See Fall Foliage In 2022Top 15 Best Things to Do in Stockton, CaliforniaAnne Frank Museum Releases Videos Detailing Last Six Months Of Her LifeFarmers’ Almanac Predicts Unseasonably Cold Winter For Canada, Urges One Region To HibernateThis Is The Only Country On Earth That Sits Entirely Above 3,280 Feet, And You Can Ski There Right NowHow To Start A Freelancing Business From Scratch10 Things You Should Know Before Quitting Your Job To TravelBournda National Park: South Coast NSW’s Best Kept SecretThe Best Multi-Day Hiking Trips in CanadaFrom Bunbury to Margaret River, Here’s What Not To MissWhere To Find The Best Free Camping in TasmaniaAustralian Bushfires: Here’s What You Can Do To HelpOur AmazingCo Mystery Picnic in Queensland’s Atherton TablelandsHow To Plan A Sedona Girls Weekend Trip25 Of The Best Things To Do In Port Douglas, AustraliaPlatia Ammos Beach in Kefalonia (+ the Perilous Hike Down in Flip Flops!)From Corporate Stooge to Professional Travel BloggerWhy Choose Full Time RV Living Over Van Life?7 Handy Camping Hacks For Your Next Wilderness TripThe Best Spots For Eyre Peninsula Camping in South AustraliaGold Coast Hot Air Ballooning: A Bucket List Experience You Didn’t Know You NeededFitzroy Island or Green Island: Which is Better?A Zhangjiajie Hiking Adventure In The Avatar MountainsThings To Do On An Eyre Peninsula Road TripThings To Do On The Esperance To Perth DriveBunyeroo Gorge & Brachina Gorge: A Flinders Ranges Scenic Drive You CAN’T Miss!Duke of Orleans Bay: My 35th Birthday Adventure!Things To Do In Mount Gambier & Limestone Coast, South AustraliaHow This Woman Quit Her Job To Travel Europe Full-Time in a Motorhome10 Things I Wish I Knew Before Buying A CaravanCelebrating Boxing Day on a Captain Cook Sydney Harbour Cruise5 Adventurous Weekend Road Trips From DenverHow To Land Scuba Diving Instructor Jobs Around The WorldWhy You Don’t Need A Work And Travel Program Like Remote Year To Become A Digital NomadHow To Tell Your Parents You’re Quitting Your Job To TravelPerth to Esperance: The Ultimate Road Trip ItinerarySpeed Hiking: What It Is & What Gear You Need For ItWhat To Do When Sh*t Hits The Fan On Your Trip3 Days in Melbourne: A Melbourne 3 Day ItinerarySapphire Coast NSW: From Whales to Red RocksEssential Hiking Gear for Beginners: 5 Items You Absolutely Need For Your First HikeWhy This Grad Student Decided To Move Abroad Instead Of Getting A JobThe Best Fleurieu Peninsula BeachesNakie: The Best Traveler Hammock (That’s Also Eco-Friendly!)The Best Beaches in Kefalonia (+ Other Must-Dos)The Best Things To Do In Sydney Harbour7 Things To Know Before Your Overnight Or Day Trip To Rottnest IslandLawn Hill National Park: A Hidden Gem in Outback QueenslandBradleys Head to Chowder Bay Walk + Balmoral | Sydney Harbour WalkOrmiston Gorge: A Beach in Outback Australia!What To Do in Paris For 4 Days: A 4 Day Paris ItineraryOutdoorsy Things To Do In Noosa, An Aussie Adventure ParadiseWhy Quitting Your Job To Travel Isn’t As Scary As It SeemsThings To Do In Crete: A Crete Road Trip Itinerary15 Little Things You Can Do To Save Money For TravelKu-ring-gai Chase National Park: Sydney’s Hidden GemThings To Do In Esperance: The Best Walks, Campsites, & Beaches In Esperance, Western AustraliaVisiting Meteora: Clifftop Monasteries With A View In GreeceThe 15 Best Day Trips From CairnsHighlights Of A Great Ocean Road TripThe Best Boho Picnic Rugs For Outdoor AdventuresRenting Camera Gear For Travel: Save Money, Save MemoriesThe Best Sydney Weekend GetawaysCar Next Door Review: Using Car Sharing in AustraliaWhat the FAQ is Van Life? Everything You Want To Know About Full Time Van LivingThe Best Hikes In The Blue MountainsA Sydney Harbour Scenic Flight With Sydney SeaplanesThis Couple Quit Their Jobs & Sold Everything To Travel Europe Full-TimeThat Time ALL THE SIGNS Told Me To Buy Tony Robbins TicketsHow Much Money Do You Need To Save Before You Quit Your Job To Travel?15 Best Things to Do in Malden8 Unique Ways To Spend A Few Hours In The South Of France7 Authentic Aboriginal Experiences In Australia’s Northern Territory10 Best Hiking Trails In Flagstaff According To The Locals21 FUN Cancun Day Trips that you’ll love!The Unique Culinary Tour Not To Miss In Jerusalem18 BEST Things to do in Valparaíso, Chile7 New And Unique Things To Do On The Las Vegas StripPalwa Ride and More Adventures at Santabucks Eco-Adventure ParkClear Testing New Curb-To-Gate Premium Service At This Popular AirportCollette Unveils New Montana Cruise Tour Featuring Stops In Two Popular National ParksTop 15 Best Things to Do in Riverside, California8 Reasons To Visit Italy This FallI Booked A Trip To France This Summer For $5.60 Using Points, Here’s What I LearnedThe Exhilarating Experience Not To Miss In Canada’s Jasper National ParkI Tried Glamping At An Australian Crocodile Safari Camp And It Was Incredible16 Scenic Stops Along The Beautiful Cape Cod Rail TrailWorrowing Jervis Bay: A Winter Getaway From SydneyBest Beaches in Crete: The 10 Crete Beaches You Must VisitThe 20 Best Beaches in Western AustraliaWhat I Wish I Knew Before Moving From USA To Australia30 Things To Do in Albany, Western Australia & South Coast WAHiking Sydney: The 15 Best Hikes in Sydney, AustraliaThe Best Hikes in Grand Staircase Escalante National MonumentNew UAE Passport: How to Get Your New Emirati Passport?NATAS 2022 Singapore Travel Fair: What to Expect7 of the best things to do in Phuket on a budget15 Best Things to Do in WalthamU.S. Begins Testing Online Passport Renewals, How You Can ParticipateTop 7 Must-See Attractions At The Newly Renovated Air And Space MuseumFAA Considers Increasing The Size Of Airline Seats, But It Has Nothing To Do With ComfortEat Your McDonald’s Before You Get On The Plane15 Best Things to Do in HaverhillYosemite Reopens Its Beautiful Mariposa Grove To Visitors8 Signs You Need for a Salary Raise & How to Talk to Your Boss About ItMy 7 Favorite Restaurants In Beautiful Dripping Springs, Texas13 Tips For Hiking Jenny Lake In Grand Teton National Park 14 Budget-Friendly Ways To Entertain Your Elementary-Aged Grandkids According To A Retired TeacherTop 15 Best Things to Do in Huntington, New York12 Reasons This Lesser-Known Malta Town Will Transport You To 1950s Italy15 Best Things to Do in RevereParts Of This National Park Closed Because Of A BearSeveral Caribbean Islands Dealing With Record Amounts Of Seaweed, The Problems It’s Causing For Tourists And Residents7 of the best things to do in Hoi An on a budgetLOOK: Philippine Tarsier Spotted in Tacloban City for the First Time EverA Guide to the Best Staycation Hotels in Manila6 Fabulous Reasons To Take A Side Trip To Croatia When You’re Visiting Italy7 Reasons You Should Visit Canada’s Beautiful Georgian Bay6 Reasons To Explore Concord, California On Your Next Visit To San Francisco9 Key Tips For Hiking To Gorgeous Ta-Taki Falls In Okinawa, JapanTop 15 Best Things to Do in Islip, New YorkHawaii County Follows Maui’s Lead, Decides To Ban These Types Of SunscreensUnique Sign In New Mexico Had Highway Drivers Doing Double-Takes15 Best Things to Do in AberdeenIt Now Costs $250 To See A Real-Life Dragon, Here’s WhyHeavy Rains Cause Extremely Rare 1,000-Year Event In Death Valley15 Best Things to Do in Havre de Grace15 Best Things to Do in Elkton11 Best Beaches in Vietnam You Must Know About11 Money Tips If You’re Not Earning Well Enough to Build a Travel Fund7 Fantastic Hotels For A California Summer ExperienceThe Houseboat Getaway Near Ottawa Perfect for the Whole Family22 Amazing Outdoor Adventures I Loved In New Zealand5 Fantastic Stops On A Missouri Road Trip From St. Louis To St. JosephFolks Are Flocking To New Mexico For A High Flying Milestone This October15 Best Things to Do in New CarrolltonSurprising Shark Discovery Found Thousands Of Miles From Its HomeWhat You Need To Know About Road Closures At This National ParkThird-Culture Kid Blues: My Experience as an Indonesian Who Grew Up in MalaysiaA Guide to Ukay-Ukay Shopping in and Near Metro Manila7 Historic French Brasseries You Must Visit In Paris7 Amazing Outdoor Activities To Experience In Big Sky, Montana In The SummerTop 8 Questions To Ask Before Moving To Costa RicaEverything You Need To Know About Visiting Qatar¡Felices fiestas! A guide to Spain’s best annual events17 Amazing Things To Do In Beautiful Austin, TexasFancy Feast Isn’t Just For Felines, Where You Can Dine On Cat-Inspired Cuisine Why October Is The Best Time To See Elk In This StateBorobudur Temple – The World’s Largest Buddhist TempleMantigue Island: Camiguin’s Little Jewel | LakwatseroThe Wave of Utah and Arizona: Where “Amazing” is Understatement | LakwatseroMonad ShoalHow to Get to Luna ApayaoTales From Sadanga: The Trek to Fowa-as Falls | LakwatseroAbout BatadHow to Commute to 21 Kilometers Coffee and Back#13 Himalayan Mountain Range (Nepal)NATAS Travel Fair 2022: Best Travel and Tour Package Deals!Batanes: Sweet Rendezvous With My Playground | LakwatseroNaked IslandThe GreeneryBalabac Sojourn: Immersion in Bugsuk Island | Lakwatsero1. Chocolate HillsHow To Get to BulalacaoSurprises in Naujan | LakwatseroNatnat BeachScuba Diving in Mantigue Island: Revisiting Underwater HomeLubang: En Route to Big Surprises | LakwatseroAbout Cuyo1. Fortune Island (Nasugbu, Batangas)Climbing Mount MitsutogeWaterfalls of Mount Romelo: Buruwisan, Batya-Batya & MoreSurigao: Scuba Diving in Mabua | LakwatseroRooms and RatesBud Bongao: The Revered Mountain of Tawi-Tawi | LakwatseroHow to Get to CoronGoing In and Out of PokharaVisita Iglesia in Manila: Nine Churches to VisitA Day Trip to Seven Falls of Lake Sebu | LakwatseroBataan: Dunsulan Falls, Ambon-Ambon Falls & Limutan FallsHow to Get to MoalboalHow to Get to Kansalakan Enchanted RiverDetour to Mainland Sablayan | LakwatseroWaterfalls in Real, Quezon: Cawayan, Balagba & Noknok FallsRuwanwelisaya StupaSan GabrielColibra Island: Dasol’s Island Hideaway | LakwatseroHow to Get to Malamawi IslandHow to Get to Maosonon IslandBalabac Sojourn: Bugsuk Island Stole My Heart | LakwatseroAttractions in Igorot Stone KingdomNacpan & Calitang: The Twin Beaches of El Nido | LakwatseroCalinawan CaveClimbing Mount Fuji: Frequently Asked Questions1. Tropical Four SeasonsMasasa Beach Travel RequirementsPacsafe Toursafe Wheeled Duffel: The Ultimate Urban Adventure Buddy | LakwatseroHow to Get to Mount KitadakeKiltepan View Deck (Sagada, Mountain Province)A Solo DIY Trek to Kawah Ijen of Indonesia | LakwatseroFirst Time in NAIA Terminal 1: Seriously, It’s Not As Bad As You Think! | LakwatseroHow to Get to Mount Cayabu and MaynobaTagbilat Falls: The Curtain Falls of Zamboanga SibugayHow to get to Quitinday Falls and Underground RiverPaoay Church: UNESCO World Heritage Site in Ilocos NorteThe Island in FocusBicycle Diary: Kaybiang Tunnel Loop | LakwatseroSelf Guided 6D/5N Annapurna Base Camp TrekA Weekend of Ultimate Adventure in Baler | LakwatseroHow to Get to Camotes IslandsHail to Hulugan FallsIloilo: Where to Indulge in the City of LoveIntroducing SibaltanHow to Get to Kabutongan FallsHow to Get to Calinawan CaveAbout CaramoanHow to Get to Cabagnow Cave PoolFive Hours in Jakarta: A Walk in the Old Batavia (And Misadventures in Jakarta) | LakwatseroRacuh a Payaman (Marlboro Hills)Machu Picchu HouseAbout LubangHow to Get to Nagpatong Rock by Public Transport:A Glimpse of Manila Metropolitan Theater | LakwatseroAbout LunaAbout Capul IslandAlalum Falls: Shared Majesty of Sumilao and Impasug-ongSnake IslandZunsibarPico de Loro Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)Tulay na Bato Falls48 Hours in Brisbane: A Quick Guide & ItineraryAbout BiriTales of a True Wanderer: The Joys and Pains of Solo Travel | LakwatseroWelcome to Surigao del SurMt. Palay-Palay  National ParkAbout PagudpudFive Levels of Aguinid FallsIntroducing San Pascual, MasbateMount Manmanoc ItineraryAdventures in Fortune Island of Nasugbu | LakwatseroNext Level Mobile Photography with Sony Xperia XZ1 | LakwatseroScuba Diving in Siargao: Discovering the Underwater Treasures of Daku Island | LakwatseroAbout Davao CityHow to Get to AndaJanuary: Cebu & IloiloHow to Get to Mines View ParkKamay ni Hesus: Pilgrimage Site in Lucban | LakwatseroPoon Hill: Three Days of Himalayan AdventureCalvary Hill Cemetery of SagadaHow to Get to TambobongMilford SoundTen Things To Do in Sagada: Bucket List for NewbiesDahoyhoy FallsPilot for a Day: The Ultra Light Aircraft Experience | LakwatseroReal Coffee and Tea Cafe of Boracay | LakwatseroGhorepani Poon Hill TrekAbout Maniwaya IslandHow to Get to Binanga FallsPalo Alto Falls of Baras, Rizal | LakwatseroExplore Moscow: Best Things to Do in the City | LakwatseroStairway to HeavenMount Guiting-Guiting Overnight Trek Complete ItineraryCape Melville LighthouseLa Cathedral Café: Restaurant with a View in IntramurosKapurpurawan Rock Formation: White and BeautifulDay Hike ItineraryThe Sandbox at AlvieraHow to go to Mararison IslandA Weekend of Adventures in South Cebu and DumagueteCalayan Island: A Virtual Diary of Our Epic Journey | LakwatseroFaro de Isla Jintotolo (Jintotolo Island Lighthouse)Low’s PeakAbout Taal VolcanoHow to Get to Mag-aso Falls of BoholSamar: Biri Rock Formations Up Close | LakwatseroBonbon BeachIntroducing Jomalig IslandAbout Cotabato CityAbout TabukLeyte Landing Memorial: A Memorial for a Fulfilled Promise | LakwatseroSilyang Bato, Mount MaramiPanimahawa Ridge and Cedar Falls Day Hike ItineraryFun in the World’s Best IslandSample Albay ItinerariesMagpupungko Beach and Tidal Pools6 Tips for Living in the Philippines | LakwatseroDaraga Church: The Nuestra Señora dela Porteria ChurchTulgao Rice TerracesCape Melville Lighthouse (Faro del Cabo Melville)Canyoneering to Kawasan FallsLake FewaLong Weekend: Five-Day Suggested Itineraries in Luzon | LakwatseroAbout CaponesThe Wichcraft Café of Zamboanga City | LakwatseroHow to Get to GuiuanAll-Female FloorHow to Get to Neri’s VilleDiotay’s EateryShort but Sweet Melaka Getaway | LakwatseroHow to Get to Tinuy-An FallsOslob: The Lost Grandeur of Tumalog Falls | LakwatseroIlocos ItineraryDitumabo Falls: The Mother Falls of San Luis, Aurora!Biking in Kalinga: Trek and Bike to TabukParadise Garden: A Haven for Sea TurtlesSiargao: Magpupungko Beach and Tidal Pools | LakwatseroAbout Bucas GrandeCoral GardenSagadaA Walk in Sangay Siapo Island Before it is Gone? | LakwatseroAmbaguio-Akiki ItineraryCorregidor Island Lighthouse (Faro dela Isla de Corregidor)Faro de Punta de Malabrigo (Malabrigo Point Lighthouse)About CulionNaidi Hill LighthouseBoquete IslandHow to Commute to Temple of LeahCatanduanes: The Heritage Church of Bato | Lakwatsero1. White Water Rafting or KayakingMount Fuji Overnight Climb ItinerarySip & Gogh Paint Studio: Unleash Your Inner Van Gogh | LakwatseroBatanes ItineraryHow to Get to Quitinday HillsAbout Callao CaveDiscover LakawonBiking to Taal: A Fun Ride to Batangas’ Heritage TownAntique Blooming: The Rafflesia of San RemigioMalasimbo Lights and Dance FestivalBacolod ItineraryPoon HillAttractions in Mirador Heritage and Eco ParkHulhumale Public BeachRomblon Island: Bonbon Beach, Tiamban Beach & MoreAdventure in Sabah: White Water Rafting in Padas River | LakwatseroHow to Get to Hinakpan Mystical HillsWelcome to Lake SebuAbout CasiguranAbout BuscalanHow to Go to Kalanggaman IslandFaro de Cabo Bojeador (Cape Bojeador Lighthouse)Backpacking Maldives: Budget Itinerary, Expenses & TipsHow to Get ThereOffbeat Bohol Itinerary: 3D/2N of AdventuresHow to Get to Tawi-TawiAlona BeachPangilatan Falls: The Forgotten Gem of Tapaz, CapizWorld War I: SMS Cormoran II3D/2N Taiwan Itinerary: Taipei – Yehliu – ShiffenLaos for Backpackers: Getting There on a BudgetBasic RequirementsHow to Get to Antong FallsCathedral CaveHow to Go to Gubat, SorsogonAbout SadangaHow to Get to Bugui Point LighthouseHow to Get to Cabra Island LighthouseCebu Itinerary: Three-Day Adventures in the SouthAbout AndaLuna: A Day in the Show Window of Apayao | LakwatseroMargues Blue LagoonFinding Palaui’s Cape Engaño Lighthouse | LakwatseroHow to Get to Mantayupan Falls of Barili, CebuHow to Get to MaligcongLinapacan Islands: Between Paradise | LakwatseroKLIA to KLCCHow to Get to JomaligBanaug ShoalEspadang Bato – Payaran Falls Day Hike Itinerary10 Remarkable Philippine Destinations for Solo TravelMiagao Church: A UNESCO World Heritage Site in IloiloAbout Carbin ReefAbout Parola IslandCabra WreckageCobra Falls: Ozamiz City’s Best Kept SecretBasco: The Chapel on the Hill of Tukon | LakwatseroBack in Kathmandu’s Lovely Mess | LakwatseroHimalayan Adventure: Kathmandu to Pokhara Overland | LakwatseroItineraryChinatown Vancouver (Stop #23)Situbo Falls: Tampilisan's Awesome SurpriseHow to Get to Inambakan FallsTuasan Falls: Another Camiguin’s Charmer | LakwatseroHow to Get to Lake SebuMarinduque Loop: Biking in the Heart of the Philippines1. Batanes: A Piece of HeavenMe Gusta Sunzibar Tacloban! | LakwatseroHitachi Seaside Park: Quick Guide from Tokyo and NaritaBeautiful Islands and BeachesSunzibarTrekking NotesSnapshot: In Love with Batulao | LakwatseroPalaui IslandHow to Get to Mount PinatuboBicycle Diary: The Ride to Infanta | LakwatseroSwimHow to Get to Osmeña PeakDaranak Falls of Tanay Rizal | LakwatseroHow to Get to Stobosa Hillside Homes ArtworkSurf or Learn to SurfDIY Solo and Self-Guided Trek to Annapurna Base CampBatanes by Bike: North Batan Tour | LakwatseroThe BeachSta. Cruz Grande IslandBasilica de San Martin de ToursBaguio Budget Stay: Upstairs Bed & Bath | LakwatseroBiking in Batanes: Batan Island Loop | LakwatseroCandaba Bird SanctuaryCape EngañoAbout HungduanIligan Tourism Triangle: Mimbalut, Tinago & Maria CristinaAbout Jose PanganibanCadapdapan Rice TerracesHow to Get to Casaroro FallsKiltepan: Sagada’s Best Sunrise | LakwatseroBeguet: Colorado Falls of Tuba | LakwatseroFollow the Call of the Great Outdoors: Go Out & Get More | LakwatseroSanga-Sanga ReefMasbate City: Where to Eat in the City | LakwatseroAbout Carabao IslandRain Vortex at the Jewel of ChangiPacsafe Venturesafe 65L GII Travel PackIrakoWhere to Stay in CarmenHow to Get to Tangadan FallsHow to Get to Samal IslandEverest Base Camp Trek: Into the Dream ZoneTop Things To Do in Gangwon-do: Korea’s Adventure ProvinceJomalig: The Golden Sand of Salibungot Beach | Lakwatsero1. Tubbataha Reefs (Cagayancillo, Palawan)IitineraryAbout Anini-yNacpan Beach