Regarding the accountability of authorities at all levels, the frequency of contact between citizens and authorities at the village level, residential groups and with the commune-level People’s Councils in 2020 will be higher than in 2019.
These efforts may have contributed to Vietnam’s success in controlling the COVID-19 pandemic. Several previous studies and analyzes in this report show that there is a positive correlation between good governance and the effectiveness of a disease response.
The analysis results in Chapter 1 show that every 1 point increases in efficiency of mobilizing people to participate in public governance, the level of readiness to comply with the national social gap in response to COVID- 19 in April 2020 increased by 3.1 percentage points, and for every 1 percentage point increase in the control of corruption, compliance with this strong measure increased by 1.5 percentage points.
People’s compliance with strong measures to prevent and combat COVID-19 such as social isolation and segregation requires serious enforcement of government policies and public consensus and trust.
Therefore, with higher efficiency of public governance, Vietnam will respond well to unexpected crisis situations such as the COVID-19 pandemic and promote economic development after the crisis.
However, the PAPI 2020 report also points out some outstanding issues that require attention and resolution of all levels of government from central to local levels. People’s participation in local governance is an issue that needs to be strengthened. This reduction in content index score in 2020 is partly due to the fact that projects on repairing or building new public facilities in the grassroots area are not implemented due to the impact of COVID-19.
An important issue to note is related to the reflection on the experiences of participating in local governance by women and ethnic minorities. Women are less likely to participate in elections, contribute to local decisions, and have less access to the Internet and online public services than men.
Similarly, ethnic minorities have less opportunity to participate in local governance and score lower government accountability than Kinh people. Therefore, more efforts should be made at all levels of government in ensuring equal rights in governance of women and ethnic minorities.
Although Vietnam is successful in controlling the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, the research findings in this report also point to the impact of the epidemic on the population. Concerns about poverty remain at the highest level, although the proportion of respondents saying that this is a priority issue for the state to focus on has fallen to 18%, the lowest level since 2015.
In addition, concerns about health care, health insurance and economic growth have increased dramatically. The proportion of respondents concerned about the country’s economic growth increased from 10% to 13%, and the proportion of people concerned about health and health insurance increased from 2% in 2019 to 17% in 2020. Concerns about the country’s economic growth in general also reflect public concerns about the current state of the household economy, most likely due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.
In general, the level of satisfaction with household economic conditions in 2020 decreased to the lowest level in the last 5 years, and people’s assessment of Vietnam’s economy as a whole was at the most pessimistic level in the last three years.
For the first time in 10 years, the proportion of people reporting their household economic situation was at a good and very good level decreased. The level of optimism about Vietnam’s economy has also decreased sharply, as shown by the significant increase in the number of people who think that the current economic situation of the country is at a low level has increased significantly compared to two years ago.
The 2020 assessment of the issues of greatest concern also differs between women and men. Women are more concerned with issues such as poverty reduction, health care and education. Men are more concerned about economic growth, security, South China Sea disputes and corruption.
The difference has important policy implications in nominating and electing citizens’ representatives in elected bodies in the 2021 election of deputies to the National Assembly and People’s Council.
Source: vietnamfinance.vn – Translated by fintel.vn