Penyembur nano mist: Bergantung kepada keupayaan alat

© Provided by Harian Metro PENYEMBUR nano mist. FOTO Arkib NSTP

Kuala Lumpur: Keberkesanan penggunaan penyembur nano mist untuk disinfeksi bergantung kepada keupayaan alat itu menghasilkan semburan yang sekata pada permukaan, jenis dan kepekatan larutan yang digunakan serta tempoh masa pendedahan.

Ketua Pengarah Kesihatan, Tan Sri Dr Noor Hisham Abdullah berkata, penyembur nano mist digunakan untuk pelbagai tujuan termasuk kosmetik, wangian, kegunaan domestik, industri dan bergantung kepada spesifikasi alat serta jenis cecair digunakan.

“Secara umumnya pada masa ini, beberapa larutan disinfeksi sedia ada seperti larutan mengandungi alkohol 70 hingga 90 peratus, hydrogen peroxide, thymol, quaternary ammonia dan larutan berasaskan klorin berkesan membunuh virus SARS-CoV-2 di permukaan.

“Ingin dijelaskan larutan disinfeksi bertujuan untuk nyahkuman di permukaan persekitaran dan tidak sesuai digunakan secara langsung ke atas manusia.

“Ini kerana sesetengah larutan itu boleh menyebabkan iritasi pada mata, kulit, saluran pernafasan dan sistem pencernaan,” katanya dalam kenyataan media hari ini.

Beliau berkata, penyemburan disinfeksi melalui alat ini tidak menggantikan keperluan disinfeksi permukaan secara manual.

“Untuk makluman, buat masa ini pihak Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia (KKM) melalui Bahagian Regulatori Farmasi Negara (NPRA) mengeluarkan garis panduan untuk pendaftaran disinfeksi permukaan yang boleh dicapai di laman sesawang NPRA.

“Garis panduan ini turut menerangkan keperluan pelabelan disinfektan. Selain itu, laporan penilaian ke atas pebagai kaedah disinfeksi untuk mencegah penularan Covid-19 boleh dicapai di laman KKM,” katanya.

Katanya, senarai larutan disinfeksi yang berkesan untuk virus SARS-CoV-2 boleh diperolehi di laman sesawang US Environmental Protection Agency yang menjadi rujukan seluruh dunia.

Isnin lalu, Harian Metro mendedahkan produk cecair nyahkuman menggunakan sebatian seperti benzalkonium chloride (BAC) atau nanosilver yang digunakan bersama penyembur nano mist dijual secara berleluasa diplatform e-dagang atau media sosial sedangkan tiada kajian saintifik mengesahkan keberkesanannya membasmi virus berkenaan.

Keberkesanannya bukan saja diragui dalam membanteras virus terutamanya Covid-19, malah membimbangkan bahan kimia yang terkandung dalam cecair itu terbukti membahayakan saluran pernafasan manusia.

© New Straits Times Press (M) Bhd

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