One chart can tell you if you actually need a booster shot or not

Asia's Tech News Daily

One chart can tell you if you actually need a booster shot or not
© Ronen Zvulun/REUTERS An elderly woman receives a booster shot of her COVID-19 vaccine in Netanya, Israel, January 19, 2021. Ronen Zvulun/REUTERS

  • Booster shots are now available to a broad swath of people in the US who are fully vaccinated.
  • But the truth is that most Pfizer and Moderna recipients probably don’t need a third shot right now.
  • Data suggests people over 65 and J&J recipients would benefit from a boost immediately.

Booster shots have arrived in the US.

Many adults who’ve been fully vaccinated with Pfizer, Moderna, or Johnson & Johnson’s COVID-19 vaccines may now boost their initial regimens with an additional jab of whichever vaccine brand they want, though that extra shot is voluntary, for now.

But not everyone needs a booster shot yet, and the truth is that most Americans probably don’t.

A chart below displays this idea well, showing how many booster shots it would take to prevent a single COVID-19 hospitalization, over six months.

It was part of a wide array of data reviewed by an independent advisory committee to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention last week, showing that boosters should be most heartily recommended for older adults, as well as everyone who’s had J&J. For everyone else – even those with comorbidities – the evidence is far flimsier.

“This isn’t about who deserves a booster, it’s about who needs a booster,” Dr. Matthew Daley, a CDC advisory committee member from Kaiser Permanente Colorado, told the agency at their meeting on Pfizer boosters, stressing people over 65 and long term care facility residents should be prioritized.

Who’s eligible for a voluntary booster shot?

The new Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommendations are pretty broad, which means a majority of fully vaccinated adults are technically eligible to get jabbed again.

Extra shots are available to:

  • All J&J vaccine recipients
  • All immunocompromised patients
  • Pfizer and Moderna vaccine recipients aged 65 years and older
  • Pfizer and Moderna vaccine recipients aged 18 and up who live in long-term care settings
  • Pfizer and Moderna vaccine recipients aged 18 and up who have underlying medical conditions
  • Pfizer and Moderna vaccine recipients aged 18 and up who live or work in high-risk settings

Pretty much every J&J recipient could use a boost

The 15.4 million adults across the country who’ve recieved Johnson & Johnson’s vaccine could likely all benefit from a booster shot (at least two months after their initial vaccine), regardless of their age or immune status.

Though they are a small fraction of the fully vaccinated in the US (8%), real world data is showing they are at risk.

J&J’s single shot vaccine is clearly not protecting them from hospitalization and death as well as the two shot mRNA vaccines.

People under 65 with Pfizer or Moderna don’t really need boosters, data suggests

A plethora of real-world data on Pfizer and Moderna’s COVID-19 vaccines is showing that they’re both doing quite well at protecting people from serious illness.

In fact, Moderna’s vaccine was so effective at preventing hospitalizations among adults aged 30-49 (more than 95%) that federal scientists couldn’t even calculate what effect a booster shot might have on their risk of hospitalization, because it is already so slim.

There are always individual differences to consider, but generally speaking, boosters aren’t giving young people much extra benefit right now.

For adults 65 and up, the benefits of a boost are clearer. Fewer than 860 adults in the 65+ age group would need to be boosted with Moderna to prevent one hospitalization, and under 500 adults who got Pfizer would need to be boosted to prevent the same.

One chart can tell you if you actually need a booster shot or not
© Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Booster vaccines are needed most urgently for older adults. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Why older and immunocompromised people could use a boost

Boosters will certainly help better protect older adults from infection (their immune systems are naturally weaker, and in need of more frequent and stronger boosts).

Third (and even fourth) shots may also help some immunocompromised patients who don’t respond to a first or second dose (though, some immunocompromised people will likely never achieve great vaccine protection, so they need others to get vaccinated to protect them).

CDC advisors said the real reason boosters are even being considered for younger frontline workers, like hospital staff, is because there is such a long line of critically ill unvaccinated patients to care for – hospitals can’t afford to have any vaccinated staff out sick while COVID-19 is spreading so fast among the unvaccinated.

While there is early evidence that boosters might cut down on transmission or mild illness, no booster shot of any vaccine will ever completely eliminate the risk of a breakthrough infection while community transmission is high, and it’s unreasonable to expect it to do so.

Boosters might be needed for everyone some day as vaccine protection wanes, but that day hasn’t come yet.

Vaccines are saving lives, even without boosters

Despite the fact that vaccines work to prevent serious outcomes in younger adults, COVID-19 was the leading cause of death for people ages 35-54 in September, according to a recent Kaiser Family Foundation analysis. Almost all of those deaths could’ve been prevented if unvaccinated people got vaccinated.

“We’re fighting a pandemic, and it’s not because people got two doses of vaccine,” Dr. Helen Keipp Talbot, a CDC advisory committee member from Vanderbilt University, said at a recent meeting on boosters.

Federal data suggests that basically all of the life-threatening cases of COVID-19 in fully vaccinated people are in elderly patients over the age of 80 (though there are a few in the 65-79 age group too.)

The bottom line

If you’re over 65, immunocompromised, or got J&J’s vaccine, you probably could benefit from a booster.

For everyone else, passing around boosters like Halloween candy may be like putting “lipstick on a frog,” Talbot said.

Read the original article on Business Insider

Internet Explorer Channel Network
Asia's Tech News Daily
News Related

OTHER NEWS

Selecting the perfect sleep tracker

You may not be receiving enough quality sleep if you wake up weary and sluggish every morning. Being well-rested may aid in fighting off sickness, keep you alert and focused ... Read more »

Biden and Putin to speak amid growing tension between Russia and Ukraine

Intelligence reports indicate that Russia may be planning military action against Ukraine. President Biden and Russian President Vladimir Putin are scheduled to have a teleconference on Tuesday as the crisis ... Read more »

Domask lifts S. Illinois past Southern Miss 66-41

CARBONDALE, Ill. (AP) — Marcus Domask had 14 points as Southern Illinois rolled past Southern Miss 66-41 on Saturday night. Lance Jones had 11 points for Southern Illinois (5-3). Ben ... Read more »

Bouyea scores 30 to lead San Francisco past UNLV 83-62

SAN FRANCISCO (AP) — Jamaree Bouyea had 30 points as San Francisco extended its season-opening win streak to seven games, easily defeating UNLV 83-62 on Saturday night. Bouyea hit 8 ... Read more »

Davis, S. Dakota St. eliminate No. 4 seed Sac State, 24-19

SACRAMENTO, Calif. (AP) — Isaiah Davis had 19 carries for 108 yards and two touchdowns, Pierre Strong added 73 yards rushing and a score, and South Dakota State beat No. ... Read more »

No. 17 Pitt rolls by No. 18 Wake Forest 45-21 for ACC title

CHARLOTTE, N.C. (AP) — Kenny Pickett accounted for three touchdowns and Erick Hallett II returned one of Pittsburgh’s four interceptions for a touchdown to help the No. 17 Panthers beat ... Read more »

Guentzel scores 3 in 2nd period, Penguins beat Canucks 4-1

VANCOUVER, British Columbia (AP) — Jake Guentzel scored three goals in the second period and added an assist as the Pittsburgh Penguins beat the Vancouver Canucks 4-1 on Saturday night. ... Read more »

Davis' 28 lead Kings to 2nd straight win over Clippers

SACRAMENTO, Calif. (AP) — Terrence Davis scored 23 of his 28 points in the second half and the Sacramento Kings beat the Los Angeles Clippers for the second time in ... Read more »

Covid-19 Delta 90% Project: All New Zealand's MPs are now fully vaccinated

All of the country’s members of Parliament are now fully vaccinated against Covid-19. The final MP to get a second dose was National’s West Coast-based MP Maureen Pugh, who confirmed ... Read more »

LeBron James sits courtside at Staples Center without a mask while watching son Bronny play

LOS ANGELES – LeBron James did not wear a face mask Saturday night while sitting courtside at Staples Center and watching his son Bronny play in a high school basketball ... Read more »

Celtics start fast, rout Trail Blazers 145-117

PORTLAND, Ore. (AP) — Jayson Tatum and Dennis Schroder scored 31 points apiece and the Boston Celtics rode a sizzling start to a 145-117 victory over the Portland Trail Blazers ... Read more »

A man who tested positive for Omicron variant says 15 of his friends who joined him at a New York anime convention also have COVID-19

Costumed attendees take a break during Anime NYC at the Jacob K. Javits Convention Center in New York City on November 20, 2021.Kena Betancur/AFP via Getty Images A man who ... Read more »

No. 19 Iowa St. wins grinding game against Creighton, 64-58

OMAHA, Neb. (AP) — Iowa State put the kibosh on yet another negative streak that was left over from last season’s 2-22 campaign. The No. 19 Cyclones won their first ... Read more »

Myanmar security forces ram car into protest in Yangon, deaths feared

(Reuters) – Myanmar security forces in a car rammed into an anti-coup protest on Sunday morning in Yangon, with at least half a <a href="/tag/dozen-protesters”>dozen protesters arrested and dozens injured, ... Read more »

Indian villagers protest as army kills 13, fearing rebels

GAUHATI, India (AP) — Angry villagers burned army vehicles in protest after more than a dozen people were killed by soldiers who mistakenly believed some of them were militants in ... Read more »

Opinion: Cincinnati barbarians are at the gate of the College Football Playoff. Let them in

CINCINNATI — The instant the game ended, the fans poured on to the Nippert Stadium turf. From the press box way up high, they resembled ants atop a picnic table, ... Read more »

Dean buzzer-beater carries Hampton past Norfolk St., 58-57

HAMPTON, Va. (AP) — Russell Dean stepped between two defenders and launched a deep three-pointer at the buzzer to give Hampton a 58-57 win over Norfolk State on Saturday night. ... Read more »

Dad of a Parkland victim blasts GOP lawmaker who shared a Christmas photo of his family smiling with guns and asking Santa to 'please bring ammo'

Rep Thomas Massie (R-KY) draws a Ruger LCP handgun from his pocket during a rally in support of the Second Amendment on January 31, 2020 in Frankfort, Kentucky.Bryan Woolston/Getty Images ... Read more »

No. 18 Oregon holds off late Portland rally, 62-59

PORTLAND, Ore. (AP) — Sydney Parrish and Sedona Prince combined to score 48 points as the No. 18 Oregon women held off a late Portland rally to earn a 62-59 ... Read more »

No. 2 Michigan takes Big Ten in rout, makes playoff pitch

INDIANAPOLIS (AP) — Hassan Haskins ran for two second-half touchdowns and broke a school record while running back Donavan Edwards threw a 75-yard TD pass to help No. 2 Michigan ... Read more »

Big Ten championship: Michigan locks up playoff slot with 42-3 win over Iowa

INDIANAPOLIS — For the first time 2004, Michigan football has won the Big Ten. And now, the Wolverines get a chance to play for a national championship. Several big plays ... Read more »

Maddox Jr. lifts CS Fullerton over Pacific 66-57

FULLERTON, Calif. (AP) — Tray Maddox Jr. had 21 points as Cal State Fullerton defeated Pacific 66-57 on Saturday. E.J. Anosike had 14 points and eight rebounds for Cal State ... Read more »

Cone scores 24 to lift N. Arizona over Idaho St. 73-70

POCATELLO, Idaho (AP) — Jalen Cone had 24 points as Northern Arizona narrowly beat Idaho State 73-70 in a Big Sky Conference game on Saturday night. Mason Stark had 17 ... Read more »

Brewer leads East Tennessee State to lopsided victory

JOHNSON CITY, Tenn. (AP) — Ledarrius Brewer registered 19 points and nine rebounds as East Tennessee State rolled past Lenoir-Rhyne 90-66 on Saturday night. Charlie Weber had 17 points for ... Read more »

Lufile carries Oral Roberts past Houston Baptist 85-67

HOUSTON (AP) — Elijah Lufile tallied 13 points and 11 rebounds to lift Oral Roberts to an 85-67 win over Houston Baptist on Saturday night. Max Abmas had 18 points ... Read more »

Teravainen scores twice, Hurricanes sock Sabres 6-2

RALEIGH, N.C. (AP) — Teuvo Teravainen scored two goals and the Carolina Hurricanes rode an early burst of offense to a 6-2 win over the Buffalo Sabres on Saturday night. ... Read more »

Spurs withstand Warriors' rally for 112-107 victory

SAN FRANCISCO (AP) — Derrick White scored 25 points, Dejounte Murray had 22 points and 12 rebounds, and the San Antonio Spurs held off a furious rally to beat the ... Read more »

Kaprizov gets shootout winner; Wild beat Maple Leafs 4-3

ST. PAUL, Minn. (AP) — Kirill Kaprizov scored in the third round of a shootout and the Minnesota Wild beat the Toronto Maple Leafs 4=3 Saturday night for their sixth ... Read more »

No. 16 Alabama takes down No. 3 Gonzaga 91-82

SEATTLE (AP) — When Nate Oats said yes to the idea of Alabama making the trip to the Pacific Northwest and playing a glorified home game against Gonzaga, he knew ... Read more »

Jones lifts Weber St. over Portland St. 80-69

OGDEN, Utah (AP) — Dillon Jones had 12 points and 14 rebounds to lift Weber State to an 80-69 win over Portland State on Saturday night, the Wildcats’ eighth straight ... Read more »

Martin scores 22 to carry Kansas City past Calvary 94-32

KANSAS CITY, Mo. (AP) — Sam Martin had a career-high 22 points as Kansas City rolled past Calvary 94-32 on Saturday night. Martin shot 4 for 6 on 3-pointers. Anderson ... Read more »

Alabama's O-line comes up big in SEC championship vs Georgia

ATLANTA (AP) — Alabama’s blockers went from being bullied to dominant in the span of a week. The fourth-ranked Crimson Tide’s offensive line rose to the occasion against No. 1 ... Read more »

AP source: Napier gets 7-year, $51.8M contract at Florida

GAINEVILLE, Fla. (AP) — Billy Napier more than tripled his salary while moving from the Sun Belt to the Southeastern Conference. A person familiar with negotiations says Florida’s newest football ... Read more »

Red Wings hand Islanders 10th straight loss, 4-3 in OT

DETROIT (AP) — Moritz Seider scored 3:33 into overtime and the Detroit Red Wings beat the Islanders 4-3 Saturday night, handing New York its 10th straight loss. Filip Hronek, Sam ... Read more »

Grizzlies hang on to beat Mavericks 97-90 after 73-point win

DALLAS (AP) — Desmond Bane scored a career-high 29 points, and the Memphis Grizzlies held on to beat the Dallas Mavericks 97-90 on Saturday night in their first game since ... Read more »

Mississippi, coach Lane Kiffin agree to new contract

OXFORD, Miss. (AP) — Mississippi and Lane Kiffin have agreed to a new contract after the program’s first 10-win regular season. Vice Chancellor for Intercollegiate Athletics Keith Carter Saturday announced ... Read more »

NYPD rookie charged with stalking ex-girlfriend

A rookie NYPD cop was arrested for stalking his ex-girlfriend, police and law enforcement sources said Saturday. Officer Jonathan Pierre-Lys, 31, is accused of tracking his ex’s whereabouts in Queens, ... Read more »

Ramaphosa: ‘We shouldn't panic over the Omicron variant'

© Provided by The South African President Cyril Ramaphosa is calling for calm amongst South Africans, particularly those who are concerned about the emergence of the Omicron variant. It’s been ... Read more »

Alex Ovechkin scores 750th career goal as Washington Capitals top Columbus Blue Jackets

WASHINGTON (AP) — Alex Ovechkin found a new goaltender to score on for another milestone goal, though this time the name rang a bell. Ovechkin beat Daniil Tarasov for his ... Read more »

Strome, Panarin lead Rangers to 3-2 win over Blackhawks

NEW YORK (AP) — Artemi Panarin and Ryan Strome each had a goal and two assists, and the New York Rangers beat the Chicago Blackhawks 3-2 on Saturday night for ... Read more »
On free-english-test.com you will find lots of free English exam practice materials to help you improve your English skills: grammar, listening, reading, writing, ielts, toeic