A man who made millions through a conspiracy to “unlock” phones from AT&T’s network has been sentenced to 12 years in prison.
Muhammad Fahd, a 35-year-old Pakistan resident, recruited an AT&T call center employee in Bothell, Washington, via Facebook in 2012. He began bribing the employee and his coworkers to use their credentials to unlock network phones.
Fahd was extradited to the U.S. in 2019 and pleaded guilty to wire fraud conspiracy in 2020. He was sentenced on September 16, 2021.
“This defendant is a modern-day cybercriminal who combined his technological expertise with old-school techniques such as bribery, intimidation, and exploitation,” acting U.S. Attorney Tessa Gorman said in a news release.
For more reporting from the Associated Press, see below.
Unlocking allowed the phones to be removed from AT&T’s network, even if customers had not finished paying for the expensive devices or their service contracts had not expired. The customers could then buy cheaper service for their phones.
Fahd later had workers install malware on the company’s network, allowing him to unlock the phones from Pakistan. He persisted even after the company detected the initial scheme and fired two of the workers involved, prosecutors said.
Fahd sold the illegal phone-unlocking service through online retailers, raking in millions. His extravagant lifestyle included frequent trips abroad, $1,000-a-night hotel stays in Dubai and a $30,000 watch. He bragged of hiring the British singer-songwriter Jay Sean to play his wedding for $100,000, according to the U.S. Attorney’s Office in Seattle.
He paid three AT&T workers $922,000 from 2012 to 2017 before he was arrested in Hong Kong in early 2018. More than 1.9 million phones were unlocked as part of the conspiracy, AT&T’s forensic analysis found.
The company based its $200 million loss amount on just phones that were removed from its network before customers fully paid for them—not including the amount it lost on service contracts. Prosecutors said such losses would have been passed on to consumers, in terms of higher overall prices, and shareholders.
Fahd apologized in a letter to U.S. District Judge Robert Lasnik—but he did not go so far as to help the U.S. government recover any ill-gotten assets, prosecutors noted. They said that based on the limited records they were able to locate, Fahd made at least $5.3 million.
“Over time, I became obsessed with the money and any thought that I was doing wrong disappeared,” Fahd wrote. “I did not know it, but I was on a path to self destruction. Worse yet my misconduct destroyed the lives of those around me.”
Lasnik ordered him to pay more than $200 million in restitution.
Two AT&T workers who played smaller roles in the conspiracy were sentenced to probation. Last week Lasnik sentenced a third, Marc Sapatin, who was Fahd’s main contact at the company, to 18 months.
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