four phases of group formation in the classroom

Asia's Tech News Daily

four phases of group formation in the classroom

The four phases of group formation are not new but come from the American psychologist Bruce Tuckman. In 1965 he described the formation of groups in different teams such as army units, groups of friends or sports teams. Bijleveld: “Fifteen years ago, a colleague of mine Frans Meijer developed a training course on this method of group formation especially for education. It became very popular. Many schools now use this and it is a household name in education.”

The four phases are roughly as follows. During the day forming the children get to know each other and the teacher and the class together draw up new rules. “Together, the class determines what is important to them, but also how they can react if a child breaks the rules. It is also the period when the children are still a bit hesitant. They still look the cat out of the tree.” And precisely by agreeing all the rules in the beginning, the next phase will run more smoothly.

Parent discussions are also part of this phase, Bijleveld believes. “Parents have a wealth of information about their child. By talking early in the school year, you build a relationship and as a teacher you can also make contact more quickly if things are not going well.”

Crowds during storming

After that acquaintance, the storming at. During this phase, the relationships become clear. That doesn’t always go smoothly or calmly. “That’s why we call this the conflict phase,” says Bijleveld. “Pupils are looking for boundaries to experience where they are. They look – sometimes literally – to see who is the strongest. Jokes are made. That creates collisions and friction.” This unrest is not always the easiest phase for the teacher. “But it helps if you know what to expect and if agreements have been made earlier with the class that you can fall back on. By properly guiding this phase, you can actually move on to the next phase, norming bring forward.”

Classes that get stuck in this phase often remain very restless. Bijleveld: “During the lessons there is constant arguing or laughing. That can be very tiring for a teacher and also not good for safety in the group.”

During the norming the relationships are clear and the children get to know each other better and better. They behave according to the rules that have been jointly agreed upon. Bijleveld: “As a teacher it is important that you also set a good example. If, for example, it has been agreed that no one will be excluded, then also give attention to that child that you find difficult.”

Peace returns

After about six weeks, the class reaches the performing phase. “The class forms a unit and works together in a way that is characteristic of this group.” Peace has returned, but not always until the end of the school year, Bijleveld warns. Because sometimes things change in a class. For example, when a new child comes or a different teacher. “Research shows that the group is going back a few steps to go through the phases again.” Bijleveld also wrote a book about that The silver weeks coming out this month.

And yes, group formation always happens, even if you as a teacher do not actively guide you through the different phases. “But the advantage of working with the different phases is that you can storming better regulate and norming stimulate earlier”, says Bijleveld. For example, calm returns to the classroom sooner and there is a greater chance that students will feel safer and more comfortable in their own skin.

Less bullying

Teacher and blogger Maike Douglas of has been using the golden weeks for several years. “I noticed that it makes for nicer groups.” She sees that children are more involved with each other, help each other better and are also more daring in the classroom. In addition, there is less bullying and children exclude each other less often. “By reflecting on group formation, the children develop a better bond with each other and they feel safer.”

During the first three weeks of school, Douglas schedules two to three group activities per day. “Then I am less focused on the teaching material and more on group formation.” Every day, for example, a student is in the spotlight. He or she may then tell about themselves in front of the class. “Or I do ‘find someone who’ where the children have to ask each other about their hobbies or home situation. In this way they discover common ground with each other.”

Team building in the classroom

After those first weeks, the storming loose, Douglas also experiences. “The children are then very busy and sometimes there is talk of bullying.” During those weeks, the teacher talks a lot with the children. “I ask them how I can help them as a teacher to pay better attention or discuss the consequences of bullying in class.” In addition, she uses energisers, short, physical games that ensure team building. “For example, we throw wads of paper at each other or the children are instructed to stand in a circle by stepping through a hoop, without letting go of their hands.”

Through all these activities, the teacher notices that she can better supervise and control group formation. Douglas: “If you don’t do that, you will see that the children will create their own groups. You should actually be ahead of that so that no one is left out.”

After the first turbulent weeks, less attention is paid to group formation. Until the Christmas holidays: “The children have been home for two weeks and have had many parties.” Douglas again plans games and activities in those first weeks of the year. “That helps everyone get back into it.”

By: National Education Guide / Marjolein Kooyman

four phases of group formation in the classroom
Source link four phases of group formation in the classroom

Internet Explorer Channel Network
Asia's Tech News Daily
News Related


Pressure to launch NSW pokies inquiry

The NSW government is under pressure to establish a public inquiry into money laundering in the state's pubs and clubs after revelations hundreds of millions of dollars are being “washed” ... Read more »

Police ramp up search for camper remains

Police are scaling up their search through rugged bushland in Victoria's high country for the remains of missing campers Russell Hill and Carol Clay. A large search effort continued over ... Read more »

Couple escapes from quarantine hotel, arrested at Schiphol

At Schiphol, the Royal Netherlands Marechaussee arrested a couple who had fled the quarantine hotel in Badhoevedorp. The positively tested travelers from South Africa stay in this hotel. It concerns ... Read more »

Business calls for calm over Omicron

A major business group is urging Australia's governments not to panic over the emergence of a new coronavirus variant and stifle the economic recovery from the recent round of state ... Read more »

THIRD Omicron case is suspected on flight from southern Africa as international and state borders begin to close - but the PM calls for calm and demands answers to three questions

 Summer Christmas holiday plans up in the air as the new Omicron strain of Covid is detected in Australia Third arrival in Sydney on flight from Africa suspected as positive to new 'super-mutant' Covid strain Omicron All overseas travellers who arrive in NSW, Victoria and the ACT will now need to self-isolate for 72 hoursMeanwhile, arrivals from nine African countries of concern will now need to hotel quarantine for 14 days Scott Morrison along with business leaders called for calm as variant panic threatens to derail economyDoctor who discovered strain says Omicron has 'unusual' mild symptoms unlike other Covid variants   Read more »

NSW man charged over armed dive shop siege

A NSW man has been charged with numerous offences after he allegedly fired shots on the street and barricaded himself inside a dive shop near Wollongong. Police were called to ... Read more »

Making sure everything runs smoothly at your own company

Breda You can do a lot of things to make money. Most people then opt for a relatively easy solution. This solution is looking for a job. Of course, it ... Read more »

NSW rain eases but flooding continues

Rain is easing in NSW but widespread flooding is still occurring as dams and rivers overflow onto saturated grounds and another front is threatening to bring further downpours later this ... Read more »

Regional tenants not immune to rent spike

Regional Australia is in danger of losing its reputation as a refuge for affordable housing as rents climb across the country, sparking calls for the Commonwealth to intervene. Rent inflation ... Read more »

Cabin crew union wants research into better passenger test

Photo: ANP The Dutch Cabin Crew Association (VNC) wants to investigate how aircraft passengers can be better tested for corona. Chris van Elswijk, the director who represents the KLM section ... Read more »

Drug charges follow NSW woman's sea rescue

A woman rescued off the NSW coast has been charged after her police rescuers allegedly found drugs in the boat. Water police responded to reports of a small vessel drifting ... Read more »

Rents are going through the roof: Labor

Renters have seen the cost of keeping a roof over their heads skyrocket over the past year, making it harder to get ahead when wages have flatlined. Labor’s housing spokesman ... Read more »

More NT cases as remote region locks down

Four new COVID-19 cases have been detected in the Northern Territory as concern also spreads to a remote community forced into lockdown. Lajamanu, south of Darwin, will stay in lockdown ... Read more »

Markets bugged by new COVID-19 variant

Australian shares look set for a further hefty markdown at Monday's opening with global markets sent into a tailspin on the emergence of a new coronavirus variant, Omicron. Wall Street ... Read more »

SA looks to boost critical minerals sector

South Australia has put the call out to global entrepreneurs and companies to help develop the state's critical minerals sector crucial for everything from smartphones to rocket ships. The state ... Read more »

Electric scooter trial coming for NSW

NSW will run a trial of electric scooters to see if they can be rolled out safely across the state. The trial comes in response to growing use of private ... Read more »

New laws aimed at ending online bullying

The Morrison government will introduce legislation this week to crackdown on abuse and bullying on social media platforms. Under the laws, social media platforms will be forced to expose the ... Read more »

Arrest following armed NSW siege

A man has been arrested by police near Wollongong following reports of shots being fired and a hostage taken. A siege operation was under way at Windang un Sunday, with ... Read more »

SA tightens travel over virus concerns

South Australia has tightened its border rules following the emergence of the Omicron COVID-19 variant. All international travellers and people arriving in SA from high-risk locations in Australia will once ... Read more »

Iconic Aussie shearer a dying breed

At Naringal farm in western Victoria a buzz is racing through the air. Shearing season is in full swing and New Zealand-born Grace Jones has just finished her first day ... Read more »

New wilderness retreat for Adelaide Hills

Plans have been unveiled for a $10 million wilderness retreat within the Cleland Wildlife Park in the Adelaide Hills. The development will include 19 one-bedroom villas as well as a ... Read more »

PBS treatment expanded to leukaemia

A treatment that is already on the Pharmaceutical Benefit Scheme will be expanded to help treat leukaemia. Listed Venclexta is being expanded for the treatment of acute myeloid leukaemia for ... Read more »

Mother critical, baby OK after Qld attack

A woman is fighting for life in hospital after she was allegedly assaulted and her 11-month old baby abducted on the Gold Coast. Police found the baby boy unharmed seven ... Read more »

World first study into EV driving habits

The University of Queensland has launched a world-first study to track when electric car owners drive and charge their vehicles in the hope they can one day help power the ... Read more »

Vic adds rules for international arrivals

Victoria will send all international arrivals into home quarantine for 72 hours, with more stringent rules for those who've been in southern Africa, as the state responds to the new ... Read more »

One de Musical continues to play despite stricter corona measures: ‘I will continue until my last cent'

One the Musical will experience its premiere tomorrow and will continue to play after that, despite the 1,5 meter rule and the closure at 17.00 pm. That is what the ... Read more »

Beautiful goal Seuntjens does not benefit Fortuna against Groningen, which records the second win in a row

That meant not only the lead for Fortuna, but also a personal record for Seuntjens. It was his seventh goal this season, something he has never achieved before. Groningen turns ... Read more »

The super rich love Dutch mega yachts: with mini submarine and helideck

Premium The best of De Telegraaf Sailing toys worth 500 million euros Billionaires like Jeff Bezos and Bill Clinton are only too happy to have their superyacht built in the ... Read more »

Evacuations ordered in NSW flooding

An evacuation order has been issued to residents of towns along the Hunter River in NSW as rising floodwaters threaten power and water services. Widespread heavy rainfall led to flooding ... Read more »

‘Sprout surveillance' should reveal whether Omicron variant is already here

Photo: ANP To determine whether new variants of the coronavirus, such as the Omicron variant, are in the Netherlands, the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) conducts ... Read more »

What Everyone Needs to Know About GDPR.

GDPR is short for General Data Protection Regulation and is a real game-changer for every internet user. Whether you’re an individual internet user or a business organization, this data privacy ... Read more »

Delivery van, 70 parcels stolen in Sydney

Two men have held up a delivery van at knifepoint in Sydney before driving off in it with dozens of parcels still inside. A 22-year-old worker found two men standing ... Read more »

Six rescued from Queensland floodwaters

Six people including an infant child have been rescued from floodwaters in southern Queensland with a major flood warning current for the Logan and Albert rivers. The people were all ... Read more »

NSW records 235 new virus cases

NSW has added 235 new local infections to its COVID-19 caseload but no further virus-related deaths. The state's hospitals continue to treat 174 coronavirus patients, 26 of them in intensive ... Read more »

Qld mayor charged over drunken assault

A north Queensland mayor is due to face court after being charged over a drunken assault on two female security guards on his outback town's horse racing weekend. Richmond Shire ... Read more »

Australia Post delivers new NSW facility

A new parcel facility has been set up by Australia Post in southeast Sydney to keep up with record demand following Black Friday sales and in the lead up to ... Read more »

Inmate charged over Sydney jail murder

An inmate has been charged after the body of another prisoner was found at Sydney's Silverwater jail earlier this week. Corrections staff discovered the 63-year-old on the floor of his ... Read more »

Newcastle shooting murder breakthrough

One man has been charged with murder and another is expected to be extradited from the ACT by NSW detectives investigating the shooting death of a woman at Newcastle. Stacey ... Read more »

Climate worries glass half empty Aussies

About half of Australians believe life is getting worse, with the environment eclipsing other worries for the first time, according to a new survey. The Pollinate survey, run in the ... Read more »

Aussie vegie production going gangbusters

Australia is rolling in spuds and swimming in carrots. In fact, the nation's potato farmers grew enough of them in the past year to fill the MCG. Not just cover ... Read more »
On you will find lots of free English exam practice materials to help you improve your English skills: grammar, listening, reading, writing, ielts, toeic