About to observe its 95th celebration, the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade is an American institution. Known for its high-flying balloons, intricately designed floats, A-list celebrity performances, and marching band beats, it’s must-see TV for families across the United States. Considering it is so steeped in history and nostalgia, it’s no surprise there’s a rich backstory to the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade. After all, the greats always have an origin story, and the parade is no exception.
As its name suggests, the parade occurs on Thanksgiving Day. (When is Thanksgiving 2021? That’d be November 25.) While you’re doing Thanksgiving crafts for kids, engaging in your favorite Thanksgiving traditions, and sharing some Thanksgiving quotes around the dinner table, a marching band is leading the charge down the streets of New York City.
When you set out to impress your tablemates this year, don’t simply share details about the real history of Thanksgiving. Casually drop tidbits about the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade too.
What’s the history of the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade?
It shouldn’t come as a surprise that the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade was originally established as a promotional tool for the iconic department store. Back in 1924 (the year of the first parade), Macy’s was unveiling its newly renovated flagship location in Manhattan’s famed Herald Square. The store was so enormous, so dazzling, that apparently it warranted a holiday spectacle to alert the masses. Who knew that it would end up becoming a beloved holiday tradition?
Keep in mind that the original event didn’t look exactly like it does today. In fact, the inaugural parade didn’t mention Thanksgiving at all.
That first parade was all about Christmas, which was probably a smart marketing move on the part of Macy’s. It was a not-so-subtle reminder that the gift-giving holiday was just around the corner. Of course, now there are even stores open on Thanksgiving so shoppers have an even earlier chance to hand over their money.
What did the first parade look like?
On November 27, 1924, the parade kicked off at the corner of 145th Street and Convent Avenue to the delight of spectators.
The very first floats had a Mother Goose-like theme, with characters like Little Miss Muffet and Little Red Riding Hood gracing the attractions. Zoo animals—think elephants, tigers, and camels—marched the streets. And Macy’s employees dressed up as clowns and other characters to entertain the folks who lined the streets to catch a glimpse of the excitement.
Interestingly, we wouldn’t see the first Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade balloon for three years. In 1927, the parade took to the skies, with Felix the Cat as the first balloon to travel the route. It’s gotten bigger and better ever since (though it took a brief hiatus during World War II).
Will Macy’s host a Thanksgiving Day Parade in 2021?
Yes, plans for the celebration are underway! Time to get in the mood with some Thanksgiving quotes.
Last year, the parade was televised due to COVID-19. That’s not the case this year, but with the pandemic still raging across the country, Macy’s is tweaking some aspects to ensure safety. It will reduce the number of parade participants by about 20 percent to institute proper social distancing along the route.
What time does the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade start?
Traditionally, the parade starts at 9 a.m. on Thanksgiving morning, with its grand finale hovering around noon. That’s the case for all time zones, so you don’t have to worry about adjusting your schedule for East Coast time.
The last person to grace the parade route, of course, is always Santa Claus to usher in the Christmas season. With that being said, NBC often provides televised coverage on The Today Show before the event gets underway because many of the show’s anchors host the parade. (The 2021 hosts have yet to be announced, though.)
Those early outdoor mornings are typically chilly ones. On average, the temperature in New York City is in the low 40s so early in the morning. Thankfully, it tends to warm up as the parade gets underway. In 1941, when the parade was in its 17th year, the Big Apple experienced its warmest-ever Thanksgiving with a high of 72 degrees. Talk about a reason to be thankful!
What’s the route of the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade?
While the first parade started in Harlem at 145th and Convent and ended at Macy’s in Herald Square (located at 151 West 34th Street), that’s no longer the case. Today, the procession takes a different approach.
While the 2021 route hasn’t been officially announced, there’s a good chance it’ll follow in the footsteps of past parades. The kickoff typically convenes at 77th Street and Central Park West, starting at 9 a.m. on the dot.
The parade then hangs a left when it reaches 59th Street, followed by a right down 6th Avenue. From there, the balloons, floats, and performers stay on course until they reach 34th Street. That mark requires another right turn until they wrap the whole shebang up at 34th Street and 7th Avenue.
Whew! We’re tired just thinking about those 2.65 miles of walking, dancing, and floating (those balloons have it easy). At least the route is shorter than it used to be. At its inception, the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade traveled a whopping six miles from start to finish. That’s 111 city blocks!
At least such a long route provides enough room for the many, many people involved in pulling off the main event. The parade usually needs about 4,000 volunteers every year to make it a success, though that number will be lower this year because COVID-19 is still very much a public health concern.
How do I watch, and is there streaming of Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade?
If you’re a true parade lover, the most exciting way to watch the event is to be there in person. It’s recommended that spectators arrive at the route no later than 6:30 a.m. to secure a decent spot. This is definitely an instance where the early bird catches the worm.
Not in the New York City area? Well, grab a cup of coffee (or steal a slice of pumpkin pie) and curl up in front of your TV because you’ll actually get the best viewing angle from the comfort of your own home.
You can watch the parade broadcast on NBC (check your local listings for the channel number), NBC’s website, and the NBC app. A fun piece of Thanksgiving trivia: The parade has been airing on NBC since 1948. In past years, CBS has also broadcast parade coverage.
No cable? No problem. Streaming the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade is possible, but live streams do vary by area, so you’ll want to check with the provider you use to make sure you can catch it on your favorite service. In the past, the parade has been available on DirecTV Stream, Hulu + Live TV, Sling TV, YouTube TV, and FuboTV. Keep an eye out for 2021 details as the holiday nears!
- Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade
- History: “The First Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade”
- CNN Travel: “The history of Macy’s Thanksgiving Parade: 5 things you may not know”
- Spectrum News NY1: “NYC’s Warmest Thanksgiving That Never Happened”
- Macy’s: “Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade Returns To March Down The Streets Of New York City, Kicking Off The Holiday Season For New Yorkers and The Nation”
- NYC Tourist: “Past Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade Route Map”
- NBC: “Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade: The Annual Thanksgiving Event”
- Lifewire: “How to Live Stream Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade”
The battle to create a blockbuster
It’s epic, it’s iconic, and it almost didn’t happen. Not everyone saw the genius of Star Wars right away—actually, almost no one did. That’s shocking to hear about a movie that shaped entire generations, spawned one of the most profitable franchises in history, changed the course of filmmaking, and makes us feel all warm and fuzzy whenever we think about it. As Darth Vader might say, Hollywood’s lack of faith in Star Wars was disturbing. But that wasn’t the only thing that stood in the way of bringing this galaxy far, far away to a movie theater near you. From budgetary constraints and filming snafus to less-than-stellar early scripts, here’s why it’s nothing short of miraculous that Star Wars made it to the big screen. If you’re a true fan, you won’t want to miss these other mind-blowing behind-the-scenes Star Wars facts.
George Lucas had his heart set on a different space saga
Which one? Flash Gordon. In fact, Lucas had originally approached the executives at King Features in the early ’70s to try to get the rights to it. “They said no—euphemistically, ‘You’re nobody. We want Federico Fellini to make it,'” says film historian Paul Duncan, author of The Star Wars Archives: 1977–1983. “So George had to come up with his own version of Flash Gordon.” And that’s exactly what he spent the next few years doing. If he had gotten those rights, that never would have happened—and we would have never gotten these memorable Star Wars quotes every fan knows by heart.
Star Wars was unlike everything else out there
That sounds like a good thing, but for studios, it was terrifying. Would that “different” idea make money or totally flop? Star Wars was an epic “space opera” aimed at 12-year-olds that was earnest, optimistic, and nostalgic, when everything else was gritty, adult, and serious. “At the time, you’ve got great movies like The Godfather and paranoia movies like Parallax View and Three Days of the Condor, and it was a very downbeat time,” Duncan explains. But with movies like Summer of ’42 and Lucas’ American Graffiti, “American movies were beginning to move from ‘things are terrible’ to ‘let’s cheer ourselves up because things are terrible,'” he adds. That opened the door just a little bit for Star Wars.
No one wanted it
From Universal to Warner Brothers, the rejections kept coming. “I’ve always been an outsider to the Hollywood types,” Lucas said shortly after Star Wars‘ successful premiere. “They think I do weirdo films.” But Lucas had a fan in Alan Ladd Jr., the head honcho at 20th Century Fox, the studio that also produced Planet of the Apes. “When American Graffiti came out, Alan Ladd Jr. saw one of the previews and thought it was brilliant,” says Duncan. “He basically said to George, ‘Whatever you want to do in the future, I’ll back you.’ He believed not necessarily in the idea [for Star Wars] but in George.”
Can you answer these 10 Jeopardy! questions about Star Wars?
The budget was tight
It’s hard to imagine today, but back in the ’70s, sci-fi films didn’t make any money. They were niche cinema, and even a hit like 2001: A Space Odyssey took years to recoup its production costs. Still, you need money to make a movie, and Lucas asked for $8.2 million. (He also thought that, at best, the movie would make $16 to $25 million in return and that no one would see it except kids.) But Fox had recently lost a lot of money on other movies, says Duncan, and countered with a paltry $6.9 million.
That budget didn’t even account for the special effects needed for the film, and as a result, Lucas used his own money—his checks from American Graffiti, according to Duncan—to create a special-effects studio, Industrial Light & Magic (ILM). Later, because of delays and other issues, Lucas did end up requesting a few extra million from Fox, something that could have been flat-out denied or hurt the movie if he hadn’t gotten it.
The shoot wasn’t as much fun as you might think
Can you imagine working on A New Hope? You probably would have done anything just to be on set. But that’s not how many of the actual crew members felt at the time, according to Consequence of Sound. The crew in England often didn’t want to work overtime. Lucas had a tendency to micromanage his team and had a tough time conveying what he wanted. He also didn’t see eye-to-eye with his cinematographer, Gilbert Taylor. Various accounts indicate that Lucas was depressed, ill, and stressed during the shoot. Check out these Star Wars facts everyone gets wrong.
Filming on Tatooine was tough
Well, technically, they were in Tunisia. Located on the coast of northwest Africa, Tunisia and its desert posed a number of challenges as Lucas attempted to recreate Luke’s home planet. For starters, the sand damaged the equipment, a problem made worse by the recurring windstorms. Plus, according to Looper, “R2-D2’s controls didn’t work particularly well, either, as the sand interfered with the remote’s radio signals—allegedly, the crew spent an entire day getting a single shot of the droid moving a couple of feet.” And then there was a freak rainstorm (yes, in the middle of the desert) in the first week of filming, complete with flash floods that carried away equipment and parts of the set. These are 20 Star Wars filming locations you can actually visit.
The first cut was a mess
Lucas is first and foremost a film editor, says Duncan. And when he saw the first cut of Star Wars—which used the wrong takes and just looked wrong—he was devastated. It didn’t achieve the psychological effect that he had wanted. “He knew it didn’t work, and he knew they had to start from scratch,” Duncan explains. “[The new editors’] first job was to take the assembly print and literally undo every single joint, which was all done by hand, and start reassembling it in the correct way.”
Another big problem: When production wrapped, ILM hadn’t completed any of the visual effects for the film, says Jason Ward, editor-in-chief of Making Star Wars. Lucas apparently didn’t take this well. “ILM had not completed a single shot for Star Wars and Lucas began to have severe chest pains on a flight back to the United States, where he was going to have to recut the film,” he says. “Lucas feared he was having a heart attack, but it was likely an anxiety attack.”
Lucas’ health problems aside, the film was taking longer than expected. And without half of its groundbreaking special effects, especially in the dogfight scenes in space, the early screening for Fox executives and other big screenwriters didn’t go well.
Early drafts of the script are almost unrecognizable
It took years of tweaking, finessing, and outright rewriting to produce the Star Wars script that we know and love today. And it might not have gotten the green light had Lucas stuck with his original ideas. In the script’s various incarnations, notes Screen Rant, Luke was an older “grizzled and bitter” general, more like Obi-Wan, and in another, he was an 18-year-old girl. Meanwhile, Han Solo was “a huge, green-skinned monster with no nose and large gills.” Early drafts were also dense and clunky.
Still, at its heart, Star Wars is the same film, despite the character changes, says Duncan. “George studied anthropology in college, and he was fascinated with the idea of there being these universal archetypes in mythological stories,” he explains. “All the different changes he made in the script were because he was trying to find those universal archetypes. George was trying to translate that philosophy into a way that ten- and 12-year-olds could understand and appreciate and enjoy.” Hence, a princess, a warrior, and the ultimate villain.
Of course, audiences were completely transfixed and have been ever since. This is how May the Fourth became a Star Wars holiday.
A different cast could have changed everything
For starters, Darth Vader didn’t originally have James Earl Jones’ inimitable voice. Instead, he was played by British actor David Prowse, whose voice was later dubbed over. But originally, Lucas had legendary Japanese actor Toshiro Mifune of Seven Samurai in mind for that iconic role or to play Obi-Wan. (Mifune reportedly turned down both.) As for Princess Leia, there was initial interest in Jodie Foster, who was too busy to consider it at the time.
And let’s talk about Han Solo. He was almost played by Al Pacino, a casting choice that would have changed the entire tenor of the movie. Other possible Hans included Burt Reynolds, who said no, and Kurt Russell, who took himself out of the running to work on a short-lived TV show. “When you watch [Kurt Russell’s] audition tape, he would have made a fine Han Solo, and the same can be said for many of the hopefuls at the time,” says Ward. “The big difference, I think, is the chemistry between Carrie Fisher, Harrison Ford, and Mark Hamill. They seemed to be having fun that’s infectious. When you look at later Star Wars casts, everyone is pretty good on their own, but the chemistry between those three is unrivaled.” And the rest, as they say, is history.
Next, check out these 20 funny Star Wars jokes and puns for both sides of the Force.Internet Explorer Channel Network