EV charging connector types: what they are and how they compare

Moving to an EV from a petrol car is fairly straightforward. All the controls are in the same place, and the steering wheel hasn’t changed into a large carrot or anything like that.

The thing that is different, however, is the fuel – and that means a new type of fueling connector. EV charging connectors are broadly similar to a petrol hose – they’re a pipe the electricity comes down – but there are three distinct types of charger, and they might need an adapter depending on what’s fitted on your new electric car.

Those types are Rapid, which is the fastest. Fast, which is not the fastest. And Slow, which you probably get the idea about.

  • Mercedes EQC review: shows how good premium EVs can be
  • Volvo XC60 Recharge review: this PHEV is great for space, comfort and family
  • Polestar 2 review: all-electric performance, powered by Google

Charging comes in either AC (for home chargers) or DC, and the amount of energy is measured in kilowatts.

Rapid chargers always have captive cables, so no need to bring your own, but the other kinds may require you to bridge the gap between charger and car yourself – your EV will come with a set of cables and adapters to do just this.

The market has yet to coalesce around one type of plug, and it can be quite complicated working out what goes where. We’re here to help, and these are the most common connectors used on electric cars.

Type 1

The Type 1 charger is mainly found in Asia (Image credit: Shutterstock / Suttipun)

With its three large pins and two smaller ones, this is the charging connector seen most commonly in Asia, and not seen much in the rest of the world apart from low-voltage charging in North America.

Type 2

The Type 2 AC charger is very common among electric cars (Image credit: Shutterstock / ALDECA studio)

Commonly seen as part of home charging solutions in Europe, and as part of some Tesla Superchargers, the Type 2 actually comes in two types.

There’s the AC version that’s installed on the front of people’s houses, which is made up of seven pins, two small and five large, with a flattened edge for orientation.

Then there’s a DC version, known as a Combo 2, which does away with all but three of those but adds two more even larger pins in a separate lozenge below them.

A CCS (Combined Charging System) connector keeps all the pins from both Type 2 versions, so a Type 2 plug can be used in a CSS socket, but a Combo 2 won’t fit in a Type 2 socket, as it lacks space for the additional pins.

The faster-charging, DC CCS type 2 EV charging connector (Image credit: Shutterstock / DG FotoStock)

Type 3

The least common type of electric car charger connector, this features an oval housing and up to seven pins. It’s well protected against the elements by safety shutters, but hasn’t seen much take-up among charging point manufacturers.

CHAdeMO/Type 4

The CHAdeMO charger is commonly used by Nissan, Toyota, Honda and Mitsubishi (Image credit: Shutterstock / Kevin McGovern)

Often found on rapid chargers, and backed by Nissan, Toyota, Honda and Mitsubishi, the CHAdeMO 2.0 spec can deliver up to 400kW of DC to your vehicle.

The name comes from a contraction of a Japanese phrase that translates into English as ‘How about a cup of tea?’ referring to the speed of the charging. The connector looks like four circles, with the top and bottom ones containing another four pins each, and it’s also known as a Type 4.

Tesla

Tesla has its own two-pin charging plug, but does not supply it to Europe. In North America, this is what’s installed on Tesla Superchargers, but the company seems to be changing over to the CCS standard.

GB/T 20234.2-2015

China, which has the world’s largest electric car fleet, has its own charging connection. This again comes in AC and DC variants, the former with seven pins, and the latter with nine. Its plugs are circular, with a flattened edge, and larger than other types.

You’ll most likely come across…

If you’re in the US, and don’t drive a Tesla, then you’re most likely to come across the CCS version of the Type 2 connector.

It’s becoming standardized across the country for fast charging at the expense of CHAdeMO/Type 4, which is found on the Nissan Leaf and the Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV.

If you’re in Europe, you’ll come across Type 2 variants most commonly – even Tesla uses it. Some cars, such as the Leaf, will have two sockets built into them, while others come with a bootful of adapter cables.

It doesn’t matter what connector your EV uses, as long as you can safely attach it to a charger using some combination of cable and adapter.

They’re all different enough to ensure you can never plug the wrong plug into the wrong socket, so there’s no need to worry. You’ll be able to charge your car almost everywhere you go no matter what model you buy.

  • Elon Musk promises some big features coming to Tesla Vision
Internet Explorer Channel Network
News Related

OTHER NEWS

Earth Tipped on Its Side 84 Million Years Ago, New Evidence Suggests

© Cicero Castro/EyeEm/Getty Images World globe spinning. We know that true polar wander (TPW) can occasionally tilt whole planets and moons relative to their axes, but it’s not entirely clear ... Read more »

13 Types Of Online Daters Who Have Emerged During The Pandemic

(Photo: Dusan Stankovic via Getty Images) Dating app usage spiked last year, meaning the dating pool grew exponentially for singles looking for love (or something like it.) Yes, that means ... Read more »

Frank Sinatra's My Way loses top spot in funeral music request chart

Gerry and the Pacemakers’ emotional melody You’ll Never Walk Alone has hit the top spot in Co-op Funeralcare’s annual music chart of the most popular songs at funerals. The song ... Read more »

BenQ Mobiuz EX3415R review

Two-minute review While pro gamers are going to use flat, small 16:9 screens because they’re the fastest, most colour accurate and consistent screens around – for anyone that actually wants ... Read more »

This hidden condition has left half of sufferers feeling 'unsupported' through pandemic

Model Lila Grace Moss Hack walks the runway at the Versace special event with her Type 1 diabetes insulin pump visible. (Getty Images ) Half of people living with type ... Read more »

The hottest new crypto trend: What is the Tungsten Cube?

Cubes of tungsten carbide. Photo: Thierry Zoccolan/AFP via Getty Images Over the last week crypto watchers have been abuzz about the new hottest commodity: the Tungsten Cube. No, it’s not ... Read more »

Senate directs NASA to choose another company to build a lunar lander: report

Read more »

[Herald Interview] Philips in for long-term partnership with Korean partners: CEO

Philips’ Global CEO Frans van Houten (Philips Korea)In a world rapidly digitalizing amid the COVID-19 pandemic, Philips seeks to strengthen its partnership with innovative Korean health care providers, said Frans ... Read more »

Google's new data guidance takes a page from Apple's privacy playbook

Google launched a new “Data safety section” in its Google Play Store on Monday for app developers, building on a pledge the company made in May to increase transparency around ... Read more »

Google Pixel 6 and Pixel 6 Pro: Everything Australians Need to Know

We’ve seen a slew of new mobile devices lately with the new iPhone 13 and Samsung foldables, and now Google is joining the party. On October 20, Google lifted the lid ... Read more »

S. Korea receives U.N. investment promotion award

SEOUL, Oct. 20 (Yonhap) — South Korea’s trade investment promotion agency has received an award from a United Nations body in recognition of best practices in promoting investment in healthcare ... Read more »

Roland's free mobile studio app helps you record fresh ideas

The inspiration for a song can surface whether or not your full studio is available, and Roland has a solution for those spur-of-the-moment sessions. The music pioneer has introduced a ... Read more »

Here's how the Pixel 6's Google Tensor challenges other Android CPUs

The Pixel 6 and Pixel 6 Pro we officially revealed today. Alongside them, we got some confirmation about the phone’s fascinating new Google Tensor — and how it’s different from ... Read more »

PoliGround aims to offer public opinion through virtual stock market

By Jung Da-min Political-IT startup PoliGround CEO Seo Jung-ho / Courtesy of Seo Jung-ho Seo Jung-ho, 52, has long worked in the IT industry, engaged in information-offering services and software ... Read more »

KakaoT, UT, Tada to battle for cab-hailing services market

Vehicles using the cab-hailing platform KakaoT are parked in a parking lot for a taxi management company in Seoul. Yonhap By Kim Bo-eun The market for cab-hailing services is set ... Read more »

Why Valve's Stance On NFTs Will Probably Change, And Soon

Over the weekend, Steam banned blockchain and NFT games. The crypto gaming world has responded, and it will live on. But it’s undeniably a blow to not be able to publish ... Read more »

Digital literacy considered to be a necessity for card holders

Many people are still unaware that for cards used for online payment, data stored on the cards can be stolen. Varuth Hirunyatheb Digital literacy is a must for bank card holders ... Read more »

Samart rejigs to enhance management

Mr Watchai suggests business resiliency comes from Samart Digital’s ability to quickly respond to changing trends and adapt products and services accordingly. Samart Digital has undergone a reorganisation to enhance ... Read more »

Brokerages sharply cut Q3 earnings outlook for major listed firms

SEOUL, Oct. 20 (Yonhap) — South Korean brokerage houses have sharply lowered their third-quarter earnings outlook for major listed firms amid rising inflation and other negatives, a market tracker said ... Read more »

The Google Pixel 6 brings a new chip and lofty, AI-powered promises

Information about the Google Pixel 6, Google’s flagship Android phone, has been trickling out for months via official and not-so-official channels. However, the company held a virtual event Tuesday, Oct. ... Read more »

Activision Blizzard is trying to get the discrimination suit thrown out of court

Activision Blizzard, facing a discrimination lawsuit from the California Department of Fair Employment and Housing (or DFEH), has filed an application to stay that lawsuit so it can investigate claims ... Read more »

The best Google Pixel 6 and 6 Pro pre-order plans and prices in Australia (2021)

Now that Google has officially unveiled its Pixel 6 and Pixel 6 Pro, the pre-order deals are live across Australia. We’ve taken a look at the best on offer and ... Read more »

The Google Pixel 6 price is all over the place – here's what you'll be paying

The Google Pixel 6 and Google Pixel 6 Pro have launched, and they have pretty attractive list prices. But if you’re looking across carriers and at online retailers, you might ... Read more »

PSA: the MacBook Pro 14-inch's $20 power brick upsell is probably worth it

If you’re looking at buying the $1,999 base model MacBook Pro 14-inch, there’s one upgrade that you may really want to make — the $20 one that gets you the ... Read more »

Oh Look, It's Basically An Australian Trackmania On Mobile

It took me a few goes to read the pitch for Hot Lap League before it all sunk in. It’s a new free-to-play mobile racer from a studio in Footscray, Melbourne. ... Read more »

Drug could help people with diabetes recover after heart attack, study suggests

Researchers have identified a drug that could help improve heart function in people with diabetes who have heart attacks. Currently in clinical trials as a potential treatment for a form ... Read more »

Almond drink ad banned over ‘good for the planet' claim

A poster for an almond drink has been banned for making the “misleading” environmental claim that the product is “good for the planet”. The Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) announced last ... Read more »

Golden touch: Royal Mint to recycle precious metals from electronics waste

The Royal Mint is set to bring pioneering technology to the UK that will allow it to recycle discarded mobile phones and laptops to recover gold, silver and precious metals. ... Read more »

Google Play Store will soon show you how much apps know about you

Google has announced that it will add a new Data safety section to apps in the Google Play Store early next year to help Android smartphone users better protect their ... Read more »

Google's Pixel 6 doesn't come with five years of Android updates — only three

For the first time ever, Google’s new phones are powered by a Google-designed chip, giving the company an Apple-like level of control over the inner workings of the new Pixel ... Read more »

Kīlauea has belched 4.2 billion gallons of lava—and it isn't done yet

Only an erupting volcano can evoke as much awe as it does terror. Kīlauea, which has been erupting on the Big Island of Hawai’i since late September, is giving geoscientists ... Read more »

Texas plane crash - live: Aircraft owner identified as video shows shocking aftermath of Houston wreck

A plane carrying 21 passengers and crew crashed and burst into flames near Houston, Texas. Officials say that amazingly no-one was killed in the accident in Waller County, and two ... Read more »

Cigarettes sales during the pandemic were 14% higher than past years

© Provided by Daily Mail MailOnline logo Americans bought more cigarettes during the COVID-19 pandemic than they had in previous years, a new study suggests. Researchers at the American Cancer ... Read more »

'Flight Simulator: GOTY Edition' adds new aircraft and locations on November 18th

Microsoft is spicing up Flight Simulator with an expanded re-release, although this one may be more ambitious than some. It’s releasingFlight Simulator: Game of the Year Edition on November 18th ... Read more »

25 merry and bright products to get you in the holiday spirit

— Recommendations are independently chosen by Reviewed’s editors. Purchases you make through our links may earn us a commission. We all have favorites when it comes to celebrating holidays. Some ... Read more »

Targeted prostate cancer screening ‘could benefit men with inherited syndrome'

Men who inherit an increased risk of cancer through Lynch syndrome could benefit from regular specific testing to detect early signs of prostate cancer, researchers have said. Lynch syndrome increases ... Read more »

LeEco Le 2 hands-on review

© Provided by TechRadar null LeEco has ambitious plans for India and aims to be among the top three smartphone manufacturers in India by the end of this fiscal. The ... Read more »

8 awesome hidden features in Windows 10 smartphones

© Provided by TechRadar null Microsoft recently launched its new high-end smartphones- Lumia 950 and Lumia 950 XL in India. Not only does this mark the release of a new ... Read more »

Idea changes Rs 348 plan to offer unlimited calling and 1GB of data per day

© Provided by TechRadar null Following Airtel and Vodafone’s lead, Idea Cellular has now revised its Rs 348 plan to offer double the data (1GB) along with unlimited local and ... Read more »

ASUS ZenFone 3 vs Xiaomi Mi 5

© Provided by TechRadar null The ASUS ZenFone 3 is currently trending in India, partly because it was unveiled only two days ago. The company continued its tradition of confusing ... Read more »