Eruption of Vesuvius on Herculaneum ‘like Hiroshima bomb'

Archaeologist compares eruption at Roman town close to Pompeii to dropping of WW2 atomic bomb

An Italian archaeologist has compared the impact of the AD79 eruption of Mount Vesuvius on Herculaneum – the ancient Roman beach town close to Pompeii – to the dropping of an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima during the second world war.

Such was the heat of the pyroclastic surge produced by Vesuvius that the brains and blood of the Herculaneum’s victims instantly boiled.

“The remains of victims here have been found in a similar condition to those of Hiroshima,” said Domenico Camardo, an archaeologist at the Herculaneum conservation project. “You really get a sense of the horror and tragedy.”

Camardo was speaking as the partially mutilated remains of a Vesuvius victim, found on what would have been the beach of the ancient town in October, were shown to the press on Wednesday.

Archaeologists believe the man, thought to have been aged between 40 and 45, was killed only steps away from the sea as he tried to flee the eruption.

The man appeared to have been clutching what experts said was a small leather bag containing a wooden box, from which a ring, perhaps iron or bronze, is protruding.

“He was possibly escaping with his treasures,” said Nunzia Laino, a conservator who will be among the team analysing the remains once they are moved to a laboratory. “The objects found with the human remains are of a particular complexity. There are also fabric scraps, so they will have to be carefully extracted before studies can be done.”

The victim’s bones were also a reddish colour, which Francesco Sirano, director of Herculaneum archaeological park, said was the mark of the stains left by the man’s blood.

The discovery was made during the first archaeological dig at Herculaneum, a much smaller and less well-known site than neighbouring Pompeii, in almost three decades.

Related: ‘Sensational’: skeleton buried in Vesuvius eruption found at Herculaneum

Excavations in the 1980s and 90s unearthed the well-preserved skeletons of more than 300 victims piled up in boat sheds, where they are believed to have been sheltering while they waited to be rescued by sea.

The remains of a soldier, who was believed to have been among the army of Pliny the Elder, the Roman naval commander who attempted to save the inhabitants of Pompeii and Herculaneum, were found in the 1980s, close to the most recent discovery.

Camardo said the eruption of Vesuvius hit Herculaneum in a different way to Pompeii.

“This is the crucial difference between the two,” he added. “Pompeii was destroyed by a rain of ash and lapillus, which buried it by three or four metres. Instead, Herculaneum was first destroyed by the pyroclastic cloud of a temperature of over 400 degrees. It burned trees, inhabitants and other forms of life.”

The city was subsequently hit “by six waves of volcanic mud that arrived like a flood and froze it under almost 20 metres of material”, Camardo added. “But this flood of mud, which then hardened, allowed the conservation of all the organic relics, as oxygen was able to filter through … so today we find things like items of food, which haven’t been found in Pompeii.”

Herculaneum, which was rediscovered during the digging of a well in the early 18th century, is said to have been wealthier than Pompeii, and lavish villas decorated with frescoes and mosaic floors – including the House of the Bicentenary, which was found in 1938 – have been excavated.

Excavations have been particularly challenging as the site lies beneath the modern town of the same name. Other discoveries have included organic matter of fruit and bread as well as wooden furniture and ancient scrolls that were carbonised by the heat and ash.

Items of wooden furniture from homes and shops, as well as an inscription that belonged to a temple dedicated to the goddess of Venus, have also been discovered during the latest beach excavations.

Sirano expects to find the remains of further victims as excavations continue. Part of the beach area being excavated is expected to be opened to the public in 2024.

News Related

OTHER NEWS

Maoists blow up, torch mobile towers in Jharkhand's Giridih

Image used for representation GIRIDIH: Maoists blew up a mobile phone tower and torched another one in Jharkhand‘s Giridih district in the early hours of Saturday, police said. The incidents ... Read more »

Last picture of British scientist emerges after he was shot by stray bullet

Matthew Wilson and Katherine Shepard on the bed where he was shot (a) A British astrophysicist and his girlfriend took a selfie together just moments before he was shot dead ... Read more »

It's confirmed! TikTok is testing update that will allow creators to earn money through paid subscription feature

Tiktok is working on paid subscriptions feature for its creators that will make it possible for them to earn through their short videos on the platform. The company hasn’t yet ... Read more »

Public wifi hotspots have potential to generate 2-3 cr jobs this year : Telecom Secretary

Setting up of 1 crore public wifi hotspots across the country by this year as envisaged under the present telecom policy has the potential to create 2-3 crore job opportunities, ... Read more »

Spurs fans warned over 'outdated' use of 'anti-Semitic insult' as CPS threaten criminal action

General view inside the stadium prior to the Premier League match between Tottenham Hotspur and Manchester City at Tottenham Hotspur Stadium on November 21, 2020 in London, England. Sporting stadiums ... Read more »

Vicky McClure Put On The Spot Over Viral Boris Johnson Video And Her Response Was Classic Line Of Duty

Vicky McClure appeared on The Graham Norton Show (Photo: Matt Crossick via PA Wire/PA Images) Graham Norton put Vicky McClure on the spot about her involvement in the doctored video ... Read more »

The Google Pixel Watch gets a rumored launch date

If the rumors are true, Google is launching its very own Wear OS smartwatch in the near future, and the latest leak suggests that the Pixel Watch is going to ... Read more »

macOS 13 release date rumors, compatible Macs, and 5 features we want to see

After the release of macOS 12 Monterey in 2021, followed by the MacBook Pro 14-inch and 16-inch models, speculation is now mounting as to what macOS 13 will bring. Back ... Read more »

Intel warns against Alder Lake overclocking trick that could 'damage' your CPU

Intel has cautioned Alder Lake CPU owners that those with non-K (locked) processors shouldn’t try to overclock them, even though this might be possible with certain motherboards, as it could ... Read more »

S. Korean scientists develop protein absorbent that collects rare earth elements steel slag

Steel slags are an industrial by-product. A Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology research team has developed a protein absorbent that can collect rare earth elements from steel slag, an ... Read more »

Dying Light 2 will have free cross-gen upgrades for PS5 and Xbox Series X

Dying Light 2 developer, Techland, has confirmed that those who purchase last-gen versions of the game will be entitled to free upgrades to the current-gen versions. That means that PlayStation ... Read more »

Scotland's first black professor caught up in racism row with fellow scholars

Sir Geoff Palmer of Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh – Urquhart Media Scotland’s first black professor has rejected calls to quit a slavery review after he accused fellow academics of being part ... Read more »

Mattress protectors vs mattress pads: what's the difference?

A clean and comfy mattress is a must for healthy sleep, and two accessories that help you create exactly that are mattress pads and protectors. While they look similar at ... Read more »

DJI Mini 3 release date, price, rumors and what we want to see

Last year flew by without the arrival of a DJI Mini 3, despite the current DJI Mini 2 landing in November 2020. So can we expect to see a third ... Read more »

Bath vs Leinster live stream: watch free European Champions Cup rugby and from anywhere

Leinster scored one of the biggest ever Champions Cup victories in the last round of the competition, to put them on the brink of the knockouts. It’s the final round ... Read more »

3G network shutdown: what you need to know

The mobile world is changing, as not only is 5G coverage rapidly improving, but networks are looking to retire older 3G services. This is true in the US, the UK ... Read more »

Teenage boy kills sister and her friend before turning gun on himself in tragic double murder-suicide in Texas

Emotional family members on the scene after the discovery of the three bodies (© 2022 Houston Chronicle) A teenage boy murdered his sister and her friend before turning the gun ... Read more »

Shielders say lifting of England's Plan B restrictions ‘complete nightmare'

Photograph: Louis-Paul st-onge Louis/Alamy Among the 3.7 million clinically extremely vulnerable people in England, the removal of Covid restrictions has raised concerns The government has announced the lifting of all ... Read more »

Why your small business should make use of Instagram collections

Instagram‘s users flood the app with millions of posts every day. There’s always fresh content, but a lot of great stuff gets lost in the shuffle. When you’re using Instagram ... Read more »

This game-changing trick means you'll never drink bitter espresso again

Whether you can’t start the day without a short intense shot of espresso or you find the only way to avoid the post-lunch slump is with a creamy, long latte, ... Read more »

iPhone SE 3 or iPhone SE Plus 5G - what will Apple name its next phone?

We’re expecting the iPhone SE 3 to land soon, with rumors suggesting a launch sometime between March and May, but when it does launch it probably won’t do so as ... Read more »

This 'Virtual Land' Project Is Dropping a New Token

Land ownership is fundamental to the human experience. From the first days of civilization, humans have been drawn to the idea of owning land. Today, in the digital age, a ... Read more »

UK startup to build flying taxi hubs in 65 cities

This article was originally published by  on , the leading news platform on urban mobility and innovation, reaching an international audience of city leaders. For the latest updates, follow Cities Today on , , , , ... Read more »

Smartphone market in India in 2021: Rs 30,000-plus phones market grows, under Rs 10,000 falls and all other things that changed

India’s smartphone market registered its highest-ever shipments at 169 million units in 2021, according to a report by Counterpoint Research. Preliminary data from Counterpoint Research’s Market Monitor service said India’s ... Read more »

Government ‘considering pause' to NHS Covid vaccine mandate

People queue at a Covid-19 vaccination centre at the Westfield in Stratford, east London (PA ) The government is considering pausing its plans to make coronavirus vaccination mandatory for NHS ... Read more »

Here's the complete list of YouTube channels banned by the government for spreading anti-India fake news

The government of India has once cracked down on YouTube channels and websites spreading fake news. According to a press release issued by the Press Information Bureau, the Ministry of ... Read more »

Dive Into a Writhing Swarm of Sardines With This Astounding Penguin Footage

© Wildlife Conservation Society Sardines scatter wildly as a smooth penguin head zooms through their tight swirling mass within blue-green waters of the Wildlife Conservation Society’s footage. One of those ... Read more »

France, Germany to support joint 5G projects

France and Germany would support four projects on 5G applications for private networks with a total of 17.7 million euros ($20.1 million), the countries’ Ministries of Economic Affairs has said.The ... Read more »

Best Logitech webcams 2022: top picks for Zoom, Skype and more

The best Logitech webcams 2022 has to offer are among the best overall. Logitech has always rolled out quality products, and its webcams are no different, boasting durable sensors and ... Read more »

Intel's $20 billion Ohio factory could become world's largest chip plant

Intel Corp said on Friday it would invest up to $100 billion to build potentially the world’s largest chip-making complex in Ohio, looking to boost capacity as a global shortage ... Read more »

Two security team leaders leaving company, says Twitter

Twitter Inc said on Friday its head of security is no longer at the company and its chief information security officer will depart in the coming weeks. The shakeup comes ... Read more »

Beijing lectures Alibaba, Tencent, other Big Tech firms on gig workers' rights despite progress from last year

Beijing has told 11 internet platforms including Alibaba Group Holding and Tencent Holdings to better protect gig workers’ rights as the government continues its scrutiny of Big Tech firms in ... Read more »

Tesla may be working on headphones, speakers and more

Apart from cars, Tesla has sold limited-edition products that have included tequila, t-shirts, shorts and a few other items. However, it looks like the Elon Musk-led company could be working ... Read more »

Google says lawsuit against it 'misses the law and the facts'

WASHINGTON: Alphabet Inc’s Google asked a federal judge on Friday to dismiss the majority of an antitrust lawsuit filed by Texas and other states that accused the search giant of ... Read more »

How a 23-year-old Hongkonger is bringing NFTs to physical fashion to woo Millennial and Gen Z gamers

Nick Lau, a 23-year-old Hongkonger, grew up finding himself on the periphery of his immediate social circles – at Harrow, a traditional English boarding school, he took photography classes and ... Read more »

3 Alternatives to Consider When NFTs Become the Norm

NFTs can be used as security tokens, smart contracts, collectibles or even as a means to represent debt or equity in a company. With the surge of interest in NFTs, many ... Read more »

Bautista-Agut vs Fritz live stream: how to watch Australian Open tennis 2022 online

Big names have been falling at an alarming rate this week, and another will bite the dust as No.20 seed Taylor Fritz, the US’ best remaining hope in Melbourne, faces ... Read more »

Two-thirds of anti-vax propaganda online created by just 12 influencers, research finds

Jokes on Instagram and Tik Tok continue to affect young people, experts say - while warning over the dangers of labelling as anti-vaxxers those who are vaccine hesitant. Read more »

Google Docs update makes formatting on mobile easier at last

Google is working on a new update for its office software that will make formatting documents in Google Docs even easier on mobile. Last year the search giant added the ... Read more »

M&Ms characters evolving to be more inclusive: Green is 'much more than her boots'

The new M&Ms characters have received a fresh look for 2022. (Photo: Mars Wrigley) The shift in Hollywood and the world in general over the last few years toward more ... Read more »
On free-english-test.com you will find lots of free English exam practice materials to help you improve your English skills: grammar, listening, reading, writing, ielts, toeic