Covid impact: Indians are now more obese, hypertensive and prone to diabetes

Asia's Tech News Daily

diabetes, obesity, hypertension, covid, pandemic, lockdown, india

The findings of the latest National Family Health Survey 2019-21 (NHFS-5), fifth in the series of such surveys commissioned by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, reveal that Indians have become more obese, hypertensive, and prone to diabetes when compared to the data from NFHS 2015-16 (NHFS-4).

The survey fieldwork was conducted in two phases – phase one from June 2019 to January 2020 and phase two from January 2020 to April 2021. Since the second and the longer phase of the NFHS-5 was conducted amid the pandemic, the survey findings also capture the impact of the pandemic and the lockdowns on the key health parameters of the Indian population. The survey results are based on information gathered from 6,36,699 households, 7,24,115 women and 101,839 men.

The national-level data of NHFS-5, when compared with those of NHFS-4, show a marked increase in the proportion of adults suffering from obesity, high blood sugar levels and hypertension (see table). Nearly a fourth of the men and women surveyed were found to be overweight or obese having a body mass index of more than 25 kg/square metres. In comparison, the NFHS-4 had found 19% of men and 21% of women to be overweight or obese.

The NHFS-5 has increased the scope of clinical, anthropometric, and biological testing to expand the age range for the measurement of blood pressure and blood glucose as well as include the measurement of waist and hip circumference. In this context, 15.6% of the men and 13.5% of the women were found to have high or very high blood sugar levels or were taking medicines to control the sugar level. A fifth of the women and nearly a quarter of the men surveyed had elevated blood pressure or were taking medicine to control blood pressure. And, 57% of the women and 48% of the men surveyed had a high risk waist-to-hip ratio.

Incidentally, the surge has been more pronounced among the urban dwellers. One-third of the urban men and women surveyed were found to be overweight or obese. As much as 18% of men and 16% of women had high blood sugar level or were taking medication for controlling it. A quarter of urban men and women had elevated blood pressure or were taking medicine to control their blood pressure. Also, compared to men at the overall level, a higher proportion of women score poorly on certain health indicators such as being anaemic and overweight as well as having high-risk waist-to-hip ratio.

As Indian pharma companies renew their focus on the domestic market, these survey findings hold them in good stead. Drugs for treatment of lifestyle disorders of cardiac and diabetes have been among the biggest and fastest growing class of drugs in India.

Incidentally, there has been a steady decline in the proportion of men who consume tobacco and alcohol over the past three NHFS – an aspect that does not augur too well for the cigarette and liquor companies.

Internet Explorer Channel Network
Asia's Tech News Daily
News Related

OTHER NEWS

Preteens may be vaxed without parents under California bill

© Provided by Associated Press State Sen. Scott Wiener, D-San Francisco, addresses the state Senate at the Capitol in Sacramento, Calif., Tuesday, Jan. 18, 2022. Wiener is introducing, Friday, Jan. ... Read more »

'Incredible': Nigerian refugee girls join football fiesta

© Daniel Beloumou Olomo A day to remember: The girls’ football team at the Minawao refugee camp in Cameroon attend the Africa Cup of Nations match between Nigeria and Sudan ... Read more »

Analysis: Neither Joe Biden nor Vladimir Putin can afford to lose their Ukraine standoff

© Getty Images Escalating psychological warfare between the United States and Russia over Ukraine is fast approaching a point at which a peaceful exit from a crisis with real-world ramifications ... Read more »

FBI raid on Rep. Henry Cuellar's Texas home, office said to be tied to Azerbaijan

© Provided by NBC News Rep. Henry Cuellar’s home and campaign office in Texas were raided as part of a federal investigation into the country of Azerbaijan and a group ... Read more »

PA school district apologizes after teacher caught taping mask to student's face

A teacher at Pennfield Middle School is seen taping a mask to a student’s face in a now-viral photograph. North Penn Stronger Together/Fac A Pennsylvania middle school teacher was seen ... Read more »

Why Mark McGowan DOESN'T need to open WA - and he can thank China

Western Australia is the only state where unemployment has halved since the pre-Covid era thanks to China’s strong demand for iron ore. As other states stack on debt, Premier Mark ... Read more »

Belarus officials charged with aircraft piracy over diverted Ryanair flight

Four Belarusian government officials have been charged in the US with aircraft piracy for allegedly diverting a Ryanair flight to arrest a dissident journalist. The charges announced by the US ... Read more »

UK weather: 'Severe frost' and snow in -7C Arctic freeze on 'coldest winter day'

Brits are facing a bright but icy start to Friday with the lowest temperatures so far this winter for parts of the country as the mercury could plunge to -7C. ... Read more »

London-bound flight forced to turn back after passenger 'refuses to wear mask'

An American Airlines flight to London from Miami was forced to turn around after a female passenger refused to wear her face mask, say reports. The plane, carrying 129 passengers, ... Read more »

Obiena: I'm not in best shape to compete

A WEEK away from his first tournament in 2022, world No. 5 pole vaulter Ernest John “EJ” Obiena said he is not 100 percent, physically and mentally. “I don’t think ... Read more »

Crashed World War II aircraft found in India after 77 years

© – A missing World War II plane has been identified in India’s remote Himalayas nearly 80 years after it crashed with no survivors A missing World War II plane ... Read more »

Cusi-led PDP-Laban backs Sara Duterte for VP, undecided on presidential bet

© Mayor Inday Sara Duterte FB Davao City Mayor Sara Duterte, Nov. 14, 2021. From Mayor Inday Sara Duterte FB The PDP-Laban faction led by Energy Secretary Alfonso Cusi has ... Read more »

DOTr, MMDA conducting mobile vaccination drive at PITX from Jan. 24 to 28

© Provided by Top Gear Philippines Planning to get your COVID-19 vaccination soon? If you’re a Parañaque Integrated Terminal Exchange (PITX) regular, you might want to drop by the facility ... Read more »

Trump Says Pelosi Is to Blame for ‘Jan. 6 as We Know It’

© Provided by The Daily Beast Fox News In a chummy Thursday night interview with Fox News host and one-time informal presidential adviser Sean Hannity, Trump was asked pointedly whether ... Read more »

Tearful Adele postpones Las Vegas residency due to Covid-19: 'We've run out of time'

© JUSTIN TALLIS Adele’s Las Vegas residency has been postponed owing to Covid-19. AFP Adele has announced that she is postponing her Las Vegas residency, which was due to start ... Read more »

Donald Trump says there was ‘a lot of love' on Jan. 6, blames Pelosi for security failure

Former President Donald Trump said in a Fox News interview that there was “a lot of love and a lot of friendship” when he spoke at a rally on Jan. ... Read more »

99.9% akar umbi puas hati gugur Khairuddin, kata Hadi

© Provided by Free Malaysia Today Presiden PAS, Abdul Hadi Awang berkata beberapa tindakan awal sudah diambil termasuk menasihatkan Khairuddin sebelum memutuskan untuk menggugurkannya. PETALING JAYA: Sebanyak 99.9% akar umbi ... Read more »

Langkah mudah buka akaun ASNB untuk remaja bawah 18 tahun

Simpanan kewangan pada masa muda inilah yang akan menjamin hari tua kita nanti. Bak kata pepatah untuk menyimpan duit boleh dimulakan dengan kadar sedikit-sedikit maka lama-kelamaan akan menjadi bukit. Kalau ... Read more »

Adele tearfully postpones Las Vegas shows due to delays and COVID-19: 'I'm so sorry'

adele postpones show one day before Adele tearfully announced the postponement of her Las Vegas residency due to delays and COVID-19 in an emotional video on Instagram Thursday, one day ... Read more »

‘Not sustainable’: Omicron tests China’s zero Covid policy as first cases detected

© Provided by The Guardian Photograph: Noel Celis/AFP/Getty Images Like many middle class Chinese, the 26-year-old banker from Beijing spent the first two weeks of January celebrating the new year. ... Read more »

Retail sector sees decent recovery in Q4 2021: Knight Frank

© Provided by Singapore Business Review The retail sector saw its recovery go an upward trend in the fourth quarter of 2021, according to a study released by Knight Frank. ... Read more »

Umfrage ergibt Nein-Mehrheit zur Vorlage für Medienförderung

© KEYSTONE/ENNIO LEANZA Die Medienförderung würde laut der jüngsten Umfrage zu den eidgenössischen Abstimmungen am 13. Februar abgelehnt. Auch die Abschaffung der Stempelabgabe auf Eigenkapital fände keine Mehrheit. Angenommen würde ... Read more »

Astro Survival Guide: Mit diesem Tipp schafft es Ihr Sternzeichen durch Mercury in Retrograde (laut Horoskop)

© Getty Images Mercury in Retrograde Horoskop: Survival-Tipps für jedes Sternzeichen Getty Images Kaum sind wir ins neue Jahr 2022 gestartet, erwartet uns auch schon die erste astrologische Challenge. Denn ... Read more »

California kids 12 and older could receive COVID-19 vaccine without parent's OK

© Provided by LA Times Ana Chaglasian is an ambassador with Teens for Vaccines, a group that helps teens whose parents are anti-vaccine or vaccine hesitant by providing them with ... Read more »

Look! This 'Bagong Nanay' Shirts Aim To Help New Moms Overcome Postpartum Struggles

‘Motherhood Is Going To Change You, And You May Or May Not Like It.’ That was the title of my Smart Parenting Story, published in April last year, where I ... Read more »

Biden warns Russia 'will pay heavy price' if it invades Ukraine as Truss condemns 'increased aggression'

President Joe Biden has warned that “Russia will pay a heavy price” if it invades Ukraine. © Reuters President Joe Biden has warned Russia not to invade Ukraine The US ... Read more »

In kids' book, Sotomayor asks: Whom have you helped today?

© Provided by Associated Press Supreme Court Associate Justice Sonia Sotomayor holds her new children’s book “Just Help!” on Capitol Hill in Washington, Wednesday, Jan. 19, 2022. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster) ... Read more »

Samsung pulls ad with drag queen after backlash

© BBC The ad featured a hijab-wearing mother hugging her son, who is a drag queen performer Samsung has pulled an ad showing a Muslim mother expressing support for her ... Read more »

Maimunah Mohd Sharif dilantik terajui PBB-Habitat

© Provided by Sinar Harian NEW YORK – Datuk Maimunah Mohd Sharif dari Malaysia dipilih semula oleh Perhimpunan Agung Pertubuhan Bangsa-Bangsa Bersatu (PBB) sebagai Pengarah Eksekutif Program Penempatan Manusia PBB ... Read more »

Jury in federal trial in Floyd killing appears mostly white

© Provided by Associated Press FILE – In this image from surveillance video, Minneapolis police Officers from left, Tou Thao, Derek Chauvin, J. Alexander Kueng and Thomas Lane are seen ... Read more »

Edu's ongoing £8.3m Dusan Vlahovic battle solved thanks to shock Arsenal transfer proposal

Arsenal must avoid repeating the mistake they made in their failure to sign Eden Hazard in 2012 with Dusan Vlahovic this month. Hazard was heavily linked with a move to ... Read more »

Scots council area confirmed as best place in the UK to get on property ladder

A Scots area is the best in the UK for first time buyers to get themselves onto the property ladder, a study has found. Analysis carried out by Nationwide Building ... Read more »

Atlético's Daniel Wass pursuit shows a club unsure over its future

© Photo by Nick Potts/PA Images via Getty Images Atlético Madrid lost Kieran Trippier to Newcastle United earlier this month and need someone to replace the English defender now. Valencia’s ... Read more »

Ian Evatt makes Jon Dadi Bodvarsson Bolton Wanderers goal prediction as transfer sacrifice made

Ian Evatt believes Jon Dadi Bodvarsson will score goals at Bolton Wanderers once he is fully integrated into their system as the striker made a financial sacrifice to help make ... Read more »

'Minor incursion' by Russia could complicate West's response

© Provided by Associated Press In this Jan. 18, 2022, photo, Russian President Vladimir Putin listens during a meeting in the Kremlin, in Moscow, Russia. Short of an all-out invasion, ... Read more »

What if Disney's ‘Encanto' were a Filipino telenovela?

The magic of Encanto has clearly swept the country as Pinoy fans found a way to watch the newest Disney film even without a Disney+ subscription. And despite the fact ... Read more »

Galaxy S22 vs. Galaxy S21 FE: All the difference you could expect

© Provided by CNET The rumored Galaxy S22 is expected to be the Galaxy S21’s successor, while the Galaxy S21 FE, shown above, is a budget version of the S21. ... Read more »

Syria: 'Islamic State' militants attack al-Hasaka prison

© Provided by DW This 2019 photo shows prisoners, many of whom were accused of being IS supporters or fighters, at the Kurdish-run facility in al-Hasaka Militants from the self-styled ... Read more »

Germany wants to attract 400,000 skilled workers from abroad each year

© Reuters/KAI PFAFFENBACH The spread of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) continues, in Frankfurt BERLIN (Reuters) – Germany’s new coalition government wants to attract 400,000 qualified workers from abroad each year ... Read more »

A Christmas Story star Peter Billingsley to return for a sequel film

Peter Billingsley, who starred as Ralphie Parker in A Christmas Story when he was only 12, will be returning to lead a sequel to the perennial holiday favorite. The 50-year-old ... Read more »
On free-english-test.com you will find lots of free English exam practice materials to help you improve your English skills: grammar, listening, reading, writing, ielts, toeic