COVID-19 widens existing gender inequalities: ILO

Vietnam News, Politics, Business, Economy, Society, Life, Sports, Environment, Your Say, English Through the News, Magazine, vietnam war, current news, Vietnamese to english, tin viet nam, latest news today, english newspapers, the vietnam war, news latest, today news headlines, nation news paper, today breaking news, vietnamese culture, vietnam history, bao vietnam, vietnam economy, today headlines, national news headlines, vietnam war summary, vietnam culture, vietnam government, news headline, daily nation today, daily nation newspaper headlines, newspaper headlines today, news website, báo online, headlines news, news site, war in vietnam, tin vietnam, vietnam people, vietnam today, vietnamese news, tin viet nam net, viet to english, news headlines for today, news paper online, national news in english, current news headlines, vietnam war history, english news papers, top news headlines, today hot news, english news headlines, vietnam conflict, up to the minute news, english daily, viet news, news highlights, viet news, today international news, govt news, the vietnam war summary, vietnam exports, việt nam, bao vn net,, baovietnam, thongtanxavietnam, vietnam plus, vietnam news agency,
More than 70 per cent of Việt Nam’s working-age women are in the labour force. Photo ILO Vietnam

HÀ NỘI – With a remarkably high labour market participation rate, women in Việt Nam face multiple and persistent labour market inequalities, and carry a disproportionate double burden of work and family responsibilities, researchers have revealed.

A new research brief by the International Labour Organization (ILO) in Việt Nam shows the COVID-19 pandemic has not only exacerbated existing inequalities but created new gender gaps.

More than 70 per cent of Việt Nam’s working-age women are in the labour force, compared to the global level of 47.2 per cent and an average of 43.9 per cent in Asia and the Pacific.

While the gender gap in labour force participation is narrower in Việt Nam than in the world, it has still stood at 9.5 percentage points (men’s rate higher than women’s) over the last decade.

According to the research brief 'Gender and the labour market in Viet Nam: An analysis based on the Labour Force Survey', uneven distribution of family responsibilities in Việt Nam’s society could be the reason for the disparity. Nearly half of the women who were not economically active in the 2018 Labour Force Survey made this choice because of “personal or family-related reasons”, compared to only 18.9 per cent of inactive men.

The research also indicated that the high labour force participation of women in Việt Nam should not be interpreted as an indicator of equal opportunity.

“Before the COVID-19 pandemic, both women and men had a relatively easy access to jobs, but the quality of such jobs was on average lower among women than among men,” said Valentina Barcucci, ILO Việt Nam Labour Economist, lead author of the research.

Female workers were overrepresented in vulnerable employment, particularly in contributing to family work. They earned less than men (by 13.7 per cent on monthly wages in 2019), despite comparable working hours and the progressive elimination of gender gaps in educational attainment.

Women were also underrepresented in decision-making jobs. They accounted for nearly half of the labour force, but less than a fourth of overall management roles.

“Again the gap women face in job quality and career development stems from the double burden they carry,” said Barcucci. “They spend twice as many hours on household work than men.”

Women spent an average of 20.2 hours per week cleaning the house, washing clothes, cooking and shopping for the family, family care and childcare, whereas men spent only 10.7 hours. Close to a fifth of men did not spend any time on these activities at all.

COVID-19 impacts from a gender perspective

As a result of the pandemic, total working hours dropped significantly in the second quarter of 2020 and recovered through the second half of the year. Women faced the most severe losses.

The total weekly hours worked by women in the second quarter of 2020 were only 88.8 per cent of the total for the fourth quarter of 2019, compared to 91.2 per cent for men.

However, women’s working hours recovered faster. In the last three months of 2020, women worked 0.8 per cent more hours than in the same period of 2019, whereas men worked 0.6 per cent more.

“Those employed women who worked longer hours than usual in the second half of 2020 possibly wanted to make up for the income losses in the second quarter,” said Barcucci. “Such additional hours made the double burden heavier to carry, as the time spent by women on household chores remained disproportionately high.”

The impact of COVID-19 on Việt Nam’s labour market has not only widened existing inequalities but also created new ones. Before the pandemic, there was no difference between the male and female unemployment rate, but a gap appeared from the third quarter of 2020.

“Gender inequality in the labour market is traced back to the traditional roles that women are expected to play, supported by the social norms,” said ILO Viet Nam Director Chang-Hee Lee.

“While at the policy level, the 2019 Labour Code has opened opportunities to close such gender gaps, for example in retirement age or removing the ban on female employment in certain occupations, a much more difficult task still awaits Việt Nam. That is changing the mindsets of the Vietnamese men and women themselves which will, in turn, influence their behaviours in the labour market.” VNS

News Related


14 tonnes of farm-raised fish die within one day in north-central Vietnam

More than 14 metric tons of farm-raised fish along a river in the north-central Vietnamese province of Thanh Hoa died within Wednesday alone, while competent authorities have yet to confirm the reason behind… Read more »

Average height of Vietnamese youths shows remarkable improvement: nutrition survey

Deputy Health Minister Do Xuan Tuyen  addresses the event (Source: Hanoi (VNA) –  The average height of Vietnamese youths has shown remarkable improvements, reaching 168.1cm for 18-year-old males in 2020, up 3.7… Read more »

21 new imported cases reported on Thursday evening

The new cases include five in Bến Tre, two in An Giang, five in HCM City, one in Thái Nguyên, seven in Đà Nẵng and one in Bắc Ninh. All were quarantined on… Read more »

Late American peace activist Rennie Davis commemorated

VUFO President Nguyen Phuong Nga posthumously presents the “For peace and friendship among nations” insignia to late American peace activist Rennie Davis (Photo: VNA) Hanoi (VNA) – The Vietnam Union of Friendship Organisations (VUFO)… Read more »

More than 8,000 ethnic minority women benefit from GREAT programme

Picking tea leaves in Chiềng Đi village, Vân Hồ District in Sơn La province. Many Chiềng Đi tea products are made according to organic standards sponsored by the GREAT. — Photo HÀ… Read more »

Da Nang pushes ahead with serious reception of overseas Vietnamese

Passengers wait at an airport to handle boarding procedures (Photo: VNA) Da Nang (VNA) – The Da Nang People’s Committee issued on April 15 a document on the reception and health quarantine of… Read more »

It’s only a matter of time before disaster strikes Hanoi’s dilapidated tenements

Run-down apartment blocks throughout Hanoi pose deadly threats to their residents, yet authorities have no mechanism to step in and save those they are meant to protect. The capital city is home to 1,579… Read more »

11 percent of Vietnamese have life insurance

Hanoi (VNA) – As of 2020, 11 percent of Vietnam’s population had taken out life insurance, heard a recent symposium in Ho Chi Minh City. According to Ngo Trung Dung, Deputy Secretary General… Read more »

Special flight signals UAE aviation’s recovery

This special flight, which carried fully vaccinated crew and passengers onboard, was unprecedented in the industry in scale. With close to 400 fully vaccinated customers onboard, the flight illustrates confidence and undiminished excitement… Read more »

Japanese businesses seek large numbers of Japanese-speaking workers

Fluency in Japanese is a skill many Japanese companies in Việt Nam, who are recruiting currently, demand. — Photo HCM CITY — Japanese businesses in Việt Nam are seeking thousands of workers… Read more »

16 members of robbery gang arrested in southern Vietnam

Police have arrested 16 members of a criminal gang that committed multiple robberies in Ho Chi Minh City and southern Tay Ninh Province. Officers under the Ho Chi Minh City Department of Public… Read more »

Seventh-grade students go missing after swim in northern Vietnam river

Two seventh-grade students in Phu Tho Province, located in northern Vietnam, were swept away by the current while swimming with friends in the local Da River on Wednesday afternoon. At around 2:00 pm… Read more »

Pregnant woman offers free meals to the needy in Vietnam

Running a small restaurant selling noodles for a living, Tran Thi Quynh Mai is also willing to give away meals for free to people in need. To many poor laborers who live in… Read more »

Rain, thunderstorms to batter southern Vietnam over next 8 days

Rain and thunderstorms are forecast to dampen southern Vietnam over the next eight days, although the region has yet to enter its rainy season. A thunderstorm occurred in many parts of Ho Chi… Read more »

Traffic police deploy forces during upcoming holiday, election

Illustrative image (Photo: VNA)   Hanoi (VNA) – The Traffic Police Department on April 15 deployed forces to ensure traffic safety and order during the April 30 and May 1 holiday, and the… Read more »

Vietnamese, Lao, Cambodian youths join friendship exchange

At the event (Photo: VNA)   Kien Giang (VNA) – A friendship exchange among Vietnamese, Lao and Cambodian youths studying at Kien Giang University was held in the southern province of Kien Giang… Read more »

Quang Ninh tops Public Administration Performance Index

The PAPI report shows an incremental improvement in national governance and public administration performance during the 2016-2021 Government term. (Photo: VNA) Hanoi (VNA) – The northern province of Quang Ninh was ranked top in… Read more »

Compulsory COVID-19 related insurance a must for inbound, outbound travellers: experts

Tourists row boats at Tiên Định agro-ecological tourist area at Phú Thuận A Commune in Đồng Tháp Province’s Hồng Ngự District. VNA/VNS Photo Chương Đài HÀ NỘI – Travel firms and tourism experts… Read more »

Vietnam tightens security along southwestern border amidst rising COVID-19 risk

Localities in southwest Vietnam are tightening border management and security to minimize risk of COVID-19 spread as the pandemic situation in Cambodia becomes increasingly complicated. In Long An Province, the provincial People’s Committee… Read more »

Trà Vinh expands forest coverage

Mangrove forest in Trà Vinh Province. – VNA/VNS Photo TRÀ VINH – The Cửu Long (Mekong) Delta province of Trà Vinh plans to grow new forests from now to 2025, increasing the province’s… Read more »

Supporting policies to develop electric cars needed: official

Vice Chairman of the National Traffic Safety Committee Khuất Việt Hùng Vice Chairman of the National Traffic Safety Committee Khuất Việt Hùng talks to Vietnam News Agency about proposals to the Government to… Read more »

Việt Nam to create favourable conditions for homegrown COVID-19 vaccines: Steering Committee

Deputy Prime Minister Vũ Đức Đam chairs the meeting of the National Steering Committee on COVID-19 Prevention and Control on Wednesday. — VNA/VNS Photo Phạm Kiên HÀ NỘI — The National Steering Committee… Read more »

UNSC role highlighting UXO threat

Although the war ended in 1975, the discovery of bombs, mines, and UXOs is still dragging on It has been 12 years since farmer Dao Thi Lua from the central province of Quang… Read more »

Mobile military hospital at East Sea

Under the management of the Navy Zone 4, HQ- 561 is said to be one of the most advanced medical ships in Southeast Asia (Photo: VNP/VNA) Medial ship coded HQ-561 or commonly known… Read more »

Quảng Ninh Provine tops public administration performance index

The PAPI report shows an incremental improvement in national governance and public administration performance during the 2016-2021 Government term. — VNA/VNS Photo HÀ NỘI — The northern province of Quảng Ninh was ranked… Read more »

Transport workers most impacted by COVID-19 pandemic: survey

Medical workers take samples for COVID-19 tests for workers of the Tân Sơn Nhất International Airport. In the transportation sector, the airline industry was most affected during the pandemic. — VNA/VNS Photo Đinh… Read more »

Four new imported cases reported on Thursday morning

One arrived in Kiên Giang Province and three arrived in Khánh Hòa Province. All were quarantined on arrival. Read more »

Vinh Long's university holds New Year celebration for Cambodian, Lao students

Cambodian and Lao students at the Cuu Long University celebrate the New Year (Photo: VNA)  Vinh Long (VNA) – The Cuu Long University in the southern province of Vinh Long held an event… Read more »

Khanh Hoa puts aside 15 billion VND for friendship works in Cambodian province

A monument dedicated to fallen voluntary Cambodian and Vietnamese soldiers in Stung Streng province. – Illustrative image (Photo: VNA) Khanh Hoa (VNA) – The People’s Council of the south central coastal province of… Read more »

Vietnam’s leading hospital reports mass departure of staffers, doctors

Some 221 practitioners and staffers of Hanoi’s Bach Mai Hospital, one of the largest public health facilities in Vietnam, have turned in their resignation over the past year. Discussing this issue with Tuoi… Read more »

Former TISCO leader faces up to 11 years in jail

Defendants at the trial (Photo: VNA)  Hanoi (VNA) – A prison term of 10-11 years has been proposed for Tran Trong Mung, former General Director of the Thai Nguyen Iron and Steel JSC… Read more »

Vietnam observes 40 consecutive days without community-based COVID-19 infections

The Ministry of Health reported two new COVID-19 infections on Wednesday morning, both of whom are imported cases, which makes Wednesday so far the 40th day without any new local transmission detected in… Read more »

Seven defendants in Phu Tho ethanol case file appeals

Defendants at the court on March 15 (Photo: VNA) Phu Tho (VNA) – Seven defendants and one unit whose rights and obligations were associated with the Phu Tho ethanol plant case have filed… Read more »

Vietnam opens UN staff officer training course

Major General Hoang Kim Phung, Director of the Vietnam Department of Peacekeeping Operations, talks to the trainees during the course. (Photo: VNA) Read more »

Drug trafficker caught in Dien Bien

Exhibits of the case at the investigation agency (Photo: VNA) Dien Bien (VNA) – A man was arrested on April 13 in the northern mountainous province of Dien Bien for smuggling 30 bricks of… Read more »

16 new imported cases reported on Wednesday evening

Five cases returned to Việt Nam from Russia on the flight No VN5062 on April 12; one Indian expert arrived in the country on April 10 on the flight No EK392; one American… Read more »

COVID-19 prevention prioritised at Hung Kings Temple Festival

A palanquin procession at a previous Hung Kings Temple festival (Source: VNA) Phu Tho (VNA) – For the Hung Kings Temple Festival to take place safely and efficiently this year, authorities of the… Read more »

Partner with enterprises in the digital age

Over the past 29 years, VIETNAM EXPO has become the most significant and largest scale exhibition of the industry and trade sector, delivering economic values and practical opportunities for local businesses to further… Read more »

National governance, public administration improve: PAPI report

At the event (Photo: VNA) Hanoi (VNA) – The 2020 Provincial Governance and Public Administration Performance Index – PAPI Report on Vietnam was released on April 14, reflecting an incremental improvement in national… Read more »

Big drug bust cracked down in HCM City

Drugs seized by police after a two-month investigation. Photo HCM CITY — Four people have been arrested and a number of illegal drugs seized after a two-month police investigation. The Counter Narcotics… Read more »

HCM City ceremony marks traditional New Year of neighbouring countries

Participants in the ceremony bathe the Buddha statue, a ritual of the traditional New Year festival of Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, and Thailand (Photo: VNA) HCM City (VNA) – A ceremony was held at Pho Minh… Read more »

Việt Nam’s vaccine regulatory system reaches WHO’s second-highest level

Researching embryonated chicken eggs for vaccine production at a facility of the Institute of Vaccines and Medical Biologicals, which is also developing a COVID-19 vaccine based on its existing flu vaccine manufacturing process.… Read more »

Vietnam observes 40 consecutive days without new local COVID-19 infections

The Ministry of Health reported two new COVID-19 infections on Wednesday morning, both of whom are imported cases, which makes Wednesday so far the 40th day without any new local transmission detected in… Read more »

Nigerian man sentenced to death for transporting drugs from Cambodia to Vietnam

A Nigerian man has been condemned to death for transporting nearly three kilograms of narcotics from Cambodia into Vietnam. The People’s Court in the southern province of Tay Ninh on Tuesday conducted the trial… Read more »

Vietnam raids large drug warehouse stocked from Cambodia

Police in Vietnam on Tuesday announced that they had busted a massive drug-trafficking ring from Cambodia. The Ministry of Public Security in collaboration with other agencies arrested Diep Trong Hieu, 33, and Tang Minh… Read more »

Quảng Nam Province praised for improved breastfeeding statistics

A mother and newborn in skin-to-skin contact at the Quảng Nam Provincial General Hospital. — Photo courtesy of Alive & Thrive QUẢNG NAM — Half of all childbirths in Quảng Nam Province now… Read more »

Hit-and-run tractor-trailer driver arrested after fatally hitting pedestrian in Vietnam

A tractor-trailer driver who fatally crashed into a pedestrian in the south-central Vietnamese province of Phu Yen has been arrested at about 60 kilometers away from the scene. The incident was discovered after… Read more »

Vehicle owners urged to install surveillance cameras

A surveillance camera is installed in a coach (Photo: VNA) Hanoi (VNS/VNA) – The owners of vehicles with more than nine seats and trucks have been urged to quickly complete the installation of… Read more »

HCM City Party Committee discusses socio-economic development

The HCM City Party Committee held the fifth conference in the 11th tenure on Tuesday to discuss a draft report on socio-economic. —VNA/VNS Photo HCM CITY — The HCM City Party Committee held… Read more »

Deputy PM urges scientific-technological breakthroughs for national development

Deputy Prime Minister Vũ Đức Đam. —VNA/VNS Photo HÀ NỘI — Deputy Prime Minister Vũ Đức Đam told a working session with the Ministry of Science and Technology on Tuesday that breakthroughs in… Read more »