Could Quit-Smoking Meds Help You Quit Drinking, Too?

could quit-smoking meds help you quit drinking, too?

Could Quit-Smoking Meds Help You Quit Drinking, Too?

MONDAY, Aug. 8, 2022 (HealthDay News) — Pills, patches, gums, nasal sprays and lozenges used to help smokers kick the habit can also help heavy drinkers cut back on alcohol, a new study suggests.

The finding follows several months spent working with 400 smokers with HIV who were also heavy drinkers.

Researchers determined that both the prescription smoking cessation medication varenicline (Chantix) and standard over-the-counter and prescription nicotine replacement therapies (NRT) — including patches, gums, lozenges, inhalers and nasal sprays — were highly effective at helping patients quit smoking and curtail drinking at the same time.

So too was another prescription medication called cytosine, which is similar in chemical makeup to Chantix. Though it is not approved for use in the United States, it is in wide use across Eastern Europe, including in Russia where the study was conducted.

The findings among smokers with “risky drinking” habits were dramatic, according to lead researcher Dr. Hilary Tindle, founding director of the Vanderbilt Center for Tobacco, Addiction and Lifestyle in Nashville.

“We found that people reduced their alcohol intake and quit smoking at about the same rate, regardless of which medication they were assigned to,” she said.

Three months into treatment, 21% of participants had stopped drinking altogether. Six months out, between 15% and 19% had stopped smoking, the study found.

Tindle acknowledged that the apparent success as an alcohol treatment of therapies designed to target nicotine receptors in the brain is somewhat surprising. She noted that while NRT has been around since the 1980s, it has never been prescribed for alcohol cessation.

Yet, Tindle said, the findings “also make sense.” That’s because human and animal studies suggest that breaking one habit may help a person break another one and smoking cessation techniques appear to reduce brain-based alcohol cravings.

The findings were reported Aug. 5 in JAMA Network Open. Besides Vanderbilt, the study was conducted by researchers from Boston University, Boston Medical Center and First Pavlov State Medical University in St. Petersburg, Russia.

Tindle noted that the Russian team had a long history of working with HIV patients, and were eager to work with American researchers to explore new ways to help them reduce both alcohol and tobacco use.

The 400 study participants were all Russian and living with HIV — 60% of them having undetectable levels of the virus due to ongoing antiviral treatment. Many were struggling with substance abuse and mental health issues.

All smoked at least five cigarettes a day, although average use exceeded a pack a day.

All also met the U.S. National Institutes of Health’s definition for a “risky drinker,” meaning someone who drinks heavily on at least five days each month. The institute defines heavy drinking as five drinks or more for men, and four or more for women, daily.

Between 2017 and 2020, participants were randomly divided into three treatment groups: one was given Chantix; another, cytosine; and the third received NRT. (Patients did not know which therapy they were given.)

They were tracked for up to one year.

Not only had one-fifth of participants stopped drinking and smoking at three and six months respectively, alcohol abstinence was roughly twice as high (at three, six and 12 months) among those who stopped smoking versus those who continued to do so.

Throughout the year, participants who stopped smoking also saw their alcohol intake plummet, even if they continued to drink.

“The number of heavy drinking days was roughly half in those who quit smoking versus those who continued to smoke,” Tindle said.

She is convinced that the findings would “absolutely” apply to a general population, meaning those who do not also struggle with HIV or other health concerns.

But, Tindle added, more research would be needed to see whether smoking cessation tools could help heavy drinkers cut back or quit even if they are not also current smokers.

George Koob, director of the U.S. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism in Bethesda, Md., reviewed the findings.

“It is not at all surprising that these smoking cessation treatments would also work on drinking,” he said.

For one thing, alcohol and tobacco use often go hand in hand. And, Koob said, previous studies in both people and animals pointed to the positive impact that smoking cessation therapies can have on drinking behavior.

Patricia Aussem, associate vice president of consumer clinical content development with the Partnership to End Addiction in New York City, was also not surprised by the positive impact smoking cessation tools appear to have on drinking.

“Alcohol and nicotine share some of the same receptors in the brain that are responsible for cravings and consumption,” she pointed out.

But Aussem emphasized that a number of medications are already specifically approved to address alcohol cessation, and she cautioned that turning to smoking cessation therapies to address drinking issues may not always be smooth sailing.

As an example, she cited Chantix. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration warns it may raise the risk for increased intoxication and/or aggressive behavior and amnesia among drinkers.

“While more medication options in the toolbox for alcohol use disorders would be a plus, more research is needed,” Aussem concluded.

More information

The U.S. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism has more about alcohol treatment.

SOURCES: Hilary Tindle, MD, MPH, professor, medicine, Vanderbilt University, and founding director, ViTAL: Vanderbilt Center for Tobacco, Addiction and Lifestyle Nashville; George Koob, PhD, director, U.S. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Bethesda, Md.; Patricia Aussem, LPC, associate vice president, consumer clinical content development, Partnership to End Addiction, New York City; JAMA Network Open, Aug. 5, 2022

News Related

OTHER NEWS

Top 10 Large Cap Mutual Fund Schemes in 5 Years (October 2022)

Check list of 10 top performing Large Cap mutual funds in 5 years. Equity Mutual Funds are believed to give better returns in the long run. Compared to small and ... Read more »

Delhi: Muslim Youth stabs 25-yr-old man as people looked on; CCTV footage triggers protest

Delhi: Muslim Youth stabs 25-yr-old man as people looked on; CCTV footage triggers protest New Delhi: In a horrific turn of events, a 25-year old Hindu youth was allegedly stabbed ... Read more »

Real Madrid vs Osasuna Live Streaming: When and where to watch RMA vs OSA LaLiga match in India?

Real Madrid vs Osasuna Live Streaming: When and where to watch RMA vs OSA LaLiga match in India? LaLiga champions Real Madrid will be back in action after the international ... Read more »

Karnataka Bank launches new campaign ‘KBL Utsav’ to avail offers on home, car and gold loans

Karnataka Bank launches new campaign ‘KBL Utsav’ to avail offers on home, car and gold loans Karnataka Bank, a leading private sector lender, has launched a special campaign ‘KBL Utsav ... Read more »

Anand Mahindra shares mental age test by Harvard University - See how netizens reacted

anand mahindra shares mental age test by harvard university – see how netizens reacted Mahindra Group Chairman Anand Mahindra is known to be a proactive Twitter user. He often posts ... Read more »

Jaipur-based startup behind the app that improves medication adherence in patients

When a doctor prescribes you a medicine, the timings and duration of the doses can be a bit confusing, especially when if you have lost the prescription or forgot to ... Read more »

Won't betray people, says Tharoor as buzz over 'official candidate' Kharge gains momentum

Won’t betray people, says Tharoor as buzz over ‘official candidate’ Kharge gains momentum Congress MP Shashi Tharoor and senior leader Mallikarjun Kharge are in contention for the party president post, ... Read more »

The role of International Business degree in career growth

The world of business has changed like everything else in the last two decades. Over the years, global connectivity and global trade have become the norm, thanks to technology and ... Read more »

Sarfaraz Khan Now Ahead of Don Bradman In First Class Records After Irani Cup Ton

Sarfaraz Khan Now Ahead of Don Bradman In First Class Records After Irani Cup Ton Sarfaraz Khan’s superb red ball form continues with another century, this time in the Irani ... Read more »

From the India Today archives (1982) | Maruti 800: How India's small-car dream took concrete shape

From the India Today archives (1982) | Maruti 800: How India’s small-car dream took concrete shape Sanjay Gandhi’s dream car may become a reality after all. After months of tracking ... Read more »

Ponniyin Selvan 1 box office collection Day 2: Mani Ratnam’s historical drama shatters new records, here’s how much it earned

Ponniyin Selvan 1 box office collection Day 2: Mani Ratnam’s historical drama shatters new records, here’s how much it earned Mani Ratnam’s Ponniyin Selvan Part I continues to shatter records ... Read more »

Let's Talk Sex | Why Couples Should Not Come Closer during Navratri

Let’s Talk Sex Sex may permeate our popular culture, but conversations about it are still associated with stigma and shame in Indian households. As a result, most individuals dealing with ... Read more »

Little Boy Crying Over Homework and Refusing to Study is The Cutest Thing You Will See Today

Little Boy Crying Over Homework and Refusing to Study is The Cutest Thing You Will See Today It’s not an easy task to make kids complete their homework on a ... Read more »

Hrithik Roshan And Karthi Praise Each Other Despite Vikram Vedha – PS1 Box Office Clash

Hrithik Roshan And Karthi Praise Each Other Despite Vikram Vedha Hrithik Roshan appeared in a gangster look in his latest release Vikram Vedha while Karthi featured in Mani Ratnam’s Ponniyin ... Read more »

Govt hikes interest rates on small savings schemes; Check details

Govt hikes interest rates on small savings schemes; Check details New Delhi: The Central government has announced to raise the interest rate of small savings schemes for Q3(from October 1 ... Read more »

'Wanted to appear humbler than me': Rajasthan CM Ashok Gehlot takes a dig at PM Modi

Prime Minister Narendra Modi kneels down before a crowd in Sirohi, Rajasthan Rajasthan Chief Minister Ashok Gehlot on Saturday took a dig at Narendra Modi for kneeling down before the ... Read more »

UK minister hints immigration policy change: What it means for Indians, students

UK Immigration Policy: Home secretary Suella Braverman walks outside 10 Downing Street. (Reuters) UK’s Liz Truss government hopes to abide by the 2019 election pledge of reducing net migrants in ... Read more »

Chris Smalling heads AS Roma to win at struggling Inter Milan

chris smalling heads as roma to win at struggling inter milan Chris Smalling headed Roma to a 2-1 win at Inter Milan on Saturday which kept them in touch with ... Read more »

Norwegian diplomat shares drone view of Himachal Pradesh's Spiti Valley. Breathtaking, says Internet

Norwegian diplomat shares drone view of Himachal Pradesh’s Spiti Valley. Breathtaking, says Internet Norwegian diplomat Erik Solheim is quite taken by the beauty of India and keeps on sharing videos ... Read more »

Why General Chauhan was appointed as the Chief of Defence Staff

India’s second Chief of Defence Staff, General Anil Chauhan After a ten-month-long wait, the Narendra Modi-led central government decided to appoint General Anil Chauhan as the second Chief of Defence ... Read more »

'People Want Hollywood, I Want To Go To South' Salman Is Keen On Working In Regional Films

‘People Want Hollywood, I Want To Go To South’ Salman Is Keen On Working In Regional Films Salman Khan, who was last seen in Antim: The Final Truth, is counted ... Read more »

Foreign Minister S Jaishankar to travel to Australia this month

Foreign Minister S Jaishankar to travel to Australia this month India’s external affairs minister Dr S Jaishankar will be travelling to Australia later this month. The visit will be the ... Read more »

Watch: Arunachal CM Khandu shares breathtaking video that will inspire you to visit Tawang

Watch: Arunachal CM Khandu shares breathtaking video that will inspire you to visit Tawang Despite its abundant natural beauty, many states in northeast India remain largely unexplored by tourists. On ... Read more »

‘Shame On You Bigg Boss’ People Angry With #MeToo Accused Sajid’s Entry In Salman’s Show

‘Shame On You Bigg Boss’ People Angry With #MeToo Accused Sajid’s Entry In Salman’s Show After a flop show last year, India’s biggest reality show Bigg Boss finally returned to ... Read more »

The pound just hit an all-time low — but it's not just dollar strength. Here's how Brexit is at the root of the market rout.

The pound just hit an all-time low — but it’s not just dollar strength. Here’s how Brexit is at the root of the market rout. The pound hit an all-time ... Read more »

GodFather: Chiranjeevi shares insight into the making of political thriller with Nayanthara in BTS VIDEO

Chiranjeevi took to his Instagram account and dropped a BTS video with Nayanthara from the sets of the upcoming political thriller GodFather. While the Megastar will play a mass leader ... Read more »

Xavi hails 'extraordinary' Ansu Fati who grabbed match-winning assist for Barcelona following Spain snub

Ansu Fati Barcelona 2022-23 Fati made first start of season Made crucial assist for Lewandowski winner Xavi praised him after missing out on Spain squad WHAT HAPPENED? Fati started his ... Read more »

Maruti Suzuki Discount Offer: See Deals on Alto K10, Celerio, WagonR and More

Maruti Suzuki Discount Offer: See Deals on Alto K10, Celerio, WagonR and More Maruti Suzuki introduced the Alto K10 last month. The new gen of the long-running Alto packs a ... Read more »

WATCH: Shocking video shows lifeless bodies of football fans lying on floor after deadly stampede in Indonesia

WATCH: Shocking video shows lifeless bodies of football fans lying on floor after deadly stampede in Indonesia Trigger warning: Some readers might find the details of this story/video disturbing. Discretion ... Read more »

Mumbai-Bengaluru Highway's old bridge razed in Maharashtra

Mumbai-Bengaluru Highway’s old bridge razed in Maharashtra New Delhi: An old bridge built in the early 1990s in Maharashtra’s Pune city was demolished in the early hours of Sunday as ... Read more »

Navratri fasting 2022: Eating potato and sabudana healthy or harmful?

Shruti Bharadwaj, Senior Clinical Dietician, Narayana Hrudayalaya doesn’t find any problem in eating potato and sabudana for fasting and she says there are no side effects at all if the ... Read more »

'We pledge to unite India like Mahatma Gandhi united country against injustice': Rahul Gandhi on Gandhi Jayanti

‘We pledge to unite India like Mahatma Gandhi united country against injustice’: Rahul Gandhi on Gandhi Jayanti New Delhi: The Congress paid tribute to Mahatma Gandhi on his birth anniversary ... Read more »

Indore: Woman ends life after hubby, mom-in-law call her insane

Indore (Madhya Pradesh): A 41-year-old woman allegedly ended her life after being harassed by her husband and mother-in-law in the Lasudia area, on Friday. The woman’s parents alleged that she ... Read more »

8 Behaviours that indicate your puppy is trying to communicate with you

On some days, it seems as though dogs are mind readers. When they’re upset or excited about going for a walk, it couldn’t be clearer. Yet, on some days, the ... Read more »

[Exclusive] Hope in future, going is smoother: Indian captain Sunil Chhetri opens up on AIFF ban by FIFA

[exclusive] hope in future, going is smoother: indian captain suni chhetri opens up on aiff ban by fifa The World football governing body FIFA has given a glowing tribute to ... Read more »

Telegram cuts subscription fees for premium users in India

Telegram cuts subscription fees for premium users in India Telegram, an encrypted messaging service, has lowered the cost of its premium users’ monthly subscriptions in India from Rs 469 to Rs 179. ... Read more »

Mercedes India CEO Ditches His Posh S-Class and Rides in Auto Amid Pune Traffic

Mercedes India CEO Ditches His Posh S-Class and Rides in Auto Amid Pune Traffic Traffic is one of the most pressing issues faced by the people in metropolitan cities. It’s ... Read more »

Good News for Senior Citizens! Now earn more from Senior Citizen Savings Scheme

Good News for Senior Citizens! Now earn more from Senior Citizen Savings Scheme In good news for senior citizens, the government has increased the interest rate offered on Senior Citizen ... Read more »

What you should know about pursuing Ph.D. in the US

The United States has always been a favoured destination for Indian students to pursue higher education. The most recent Institute of International Education (IIE) Open Doors report shows there are ... Read more »

Govt issues draft guidelines for listing of RRBs; minimum net worth of Rs 300 crore required

Govt issues draft guidelines for listing of RRBs; minimum net worth of Rs 300 crore required New Delhi: In a bid to enable regional rural banks (RRBs) to raise resources ... Read more »
Breaking thailand news, thai news, thailand news Verified News Story Network