NEW DELHI: Prime Minister Narendra Modi will address the leaders’ summit at UN climate change conference (COP26) in Glasgow on Monday and along with UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson jointly launch the ambitious transnational solar grid initiative – One Sun One World One Grid – the next day while taking forward India’s multi-pronged strategies to decarbonise energy sector.
India’s ambitious 450 GW renewable energy goal by 2030, Hydrogen mission, plan to move Indian railways to ‘net-zero’ emission by 2030, land degradation neutrality and massive programme to increase forest cover (natural carbon sink) would be the country’s key driving points at COP26.
Modi will be visiting Glasgow, UK on Sunday after attending two-day G20 summit in Rome, Italy. “Besides with Johnson, the Prime Minister will have a couple of more bilateral meetings during the leaders’ summit at COP26,” said an official.
It is expected that the Prime Minister would urge more and more countries to actively take part in three key multilateral institutions/efforts – International Solar Alliance (ISA), Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI) and Leadership Group for Industry Transition (LeadIT) – to strengthen mitigation and adaptation goals of the Paris Agreement. All these three multilateral efforts are being spearheaded by India with France being a major partner in the ISA and Sweden in LeadIT.
Besides launching Green Grid Initiative (GGI) of trans-national solar grid through ISA, India, UK and Australia will on the sidelines of COP26 on November 2 launch a dedicated initiative – Infrastructure for Resilient Island States (IRIS) – through CDRI to support small island developing nations.
Giving final shape to its strategy for next week’s leaders’ summit and COP26, the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) on Wednesday held an inter-ministerial meeting on key issues. It was decided that India would stick to its position of strictly adhering to principles of the UN convention and the Paris Agreement such as ‘equity’ and common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities (CBDR-RC) to ensure ‘climate justice’ for everyone across the globe.
The climate negotiations from the Indian side will be led by environment minister Bhupender Yadav and environment secretary R P Gupta during the COP26. “Issues of finance and technology transfer from developed to developing countries would be the mainstay of negotiation, keeping principles of equity and CBDR-RC at the front,” said an official.
Except Chinese President Xi Jinping and Russian President Vladimir Putin, most of the world leaders will attend the leaders’ summit in-person which has been convened by the host UK to give a momentum to the COP26 to arrive at a positive outcome.
Securing global ‘net-zero’ by mid-century to keep 1.5 degree Celsius within reach, mobilising climate finance to support developing countries for adaptation measures, building consensus for ‘loss and damage’ (compensating poor and vulnerable countries for their loss due to natural disasters) and finalising the Paris Agreement implementation guidelines by working out rules for carbon markets would be the main goals of the negotiators from over 190 countries during the COP26 (October 31-November 12).Internet Explorer Channel Network