Climate change: Shell carbon capture facility 'secures just 48% of hydrogen production emissions'

the latest tech news, global tech news daily, tech news today, startups, usa tech, asia tech, china tech, eu tech, global tech, in-depth electronics reviews, 24h tech news, 24h tech news, top mobile apps, tech news daily, gaming hardware, big tech news, useful technology tips, expert interviews, reporting on the business of technology, venture capital funding, programing language

Emissions at one of the only sites in the world that uses carbon capture and storage alongside hydrogen production raises questions about so-called ‘blue hydrogen’, according to a new report.

Climate change: Shell carbon capture facility 'secures just 48% of hydrogen production emissions'

Image: Shell's Quest carbon capture and storage facility opened in 2015

One of the only facilities in the world that uses carbon capture and storage technology to reduce the emissions of hydrogen production has the same carbon footprint as 1.2 million petrol cars, according to a new report seen exclusively by Sky News.

the latest tech news, global tech news daily, tech news today, startups, usa tech, asia tech, china tech, eu tech, global tech, in-depth electronics reviews, 24h tech news, 24h tech news, top mobile apps, tech news daily, gaming hardware, big tech news, useful technology tips, expert interviews, reporting on the business of technology, venture capital funding, programing language

In a first-of-its-kind investigation into the plant, which is owned and operated by Shell, the lobby group Global Witness claims that it has emitted far more greenhouse gas than it has captured.

While it has prevented five million tons of carbon dioxide from escaping into the atmosphere since 2015, it has released a further 7.5 million tons, the group said.

Global Tech News Daily

Using carbon capture and storage (CCS) alongside hydrogen production is known as ‘blue hydrogen’ and has been much championed by governments and the energy industry alike as vital to the green transition.

Climate change: Shell carbon capture facility 'secures just 48% of hydrogen production emissions'

Image: Shell has dismissed the claims made by Global Witness, saying its analysis is 'simply wrong'

Global Tech News Daily

Although Shell publishes its broader emissions annually and reports these site specific emissions in technical reports to Canadian authorities, they have not been included in any public-focused communications, which report authors say amounts to Shell “not telling us the full story.”

The plant in question is located in Alberta, Canada and is part of Shell’s Scotford refinery, where hydrogen is produced for use in refining bitumen – a type of oil sands.

‘Quest’, the CCS facility, was added in 2015 as part of a project to test the capabilities of the new technology.

As Quest was, in effect, ‘retrofitted’ to an existing plant, it doesn’t cover the emissions from the entire facility.

Experts say that more modern, ‘purpose built’, blue hydrogen facilities can capture over 90% of a plant’s emissions.

The report found that this facility captures just 48% of its on-site carbon dioxide emissions.

Once you include other emissions, such as from the fossil gas supply chain, only 39% are captured.

Despite this, the plant has been subsidised by the Canadian government to the tune of $US654m.

Climate change: Shell carbon capture facility 'secures just 48% of hydrogen production emissions'

Image: The Scotford refinery began operations in 1984. Pic: Shell

“Shell says that its carbon capture system at this project in Canada is an effective tool for reducing carbon emissions.

“Our investigation found that’s clearly not the case,” said Dominic Eagleton, senior campaigner and report author at Global Witness.

“Carbon capture is definitely part of the problem. Because it has a history of failure, almost 80% of government funded large scale, carbon capture projects have failed over the years.

“Instead of investing in this dirty, climate-wrecking fuel, governments should promote and boost investment into renewable energy sources like wind power, solar power, that can take us to a genuinely more sustainable future and a safe climate for all.”

Hydrogen production has existed for many years, but it has become a popular fuel amid the push to net zero as it emits no greenhouse gasses at the point of consumption.


However, it is predominantly produced using fossil fuels in a process that emits greenhouse gas – this is dubbed ‘grey hydrogen’.

While there are a few examples of it being produced using renewable energy (‘green hydrogen’), at present this is much more expensive.

‘Blue hydrogen’ has therefore been touted as a good solution in the immediacy, as it is a cleaner technology that can be scaled quickly and comparatively cheaply.

There are only a handful of facilities globally that use CCS with hydrogen production and there are none which currently deploy the most modern ‘gold standard’ purpose-built technology.

This newer technology is being designed to capture emissions from all stages of the hydrogen production process and not just a section of it, as is seen at the moment. Experts say it could capture as much as 97%.

Shell itself is planning to build such a facility at the Scotford refinery in a project called ‘Polaris’.

Some sections of the energy industry argue that it is this technology that should properly constitute the definition of blue hydrogen.

A Shell spokesperson said of the report: “This analysis is simply wrong. Our Quest facility was designed some years ago as a demonstration project to prove the underlying CCS concept, while capturing around a third of CO2 emissions.

Climate change: Shell carbon capture facility 'secures just 48% of hydrogen production emissions'

Image: Shell is one of the companies investing in CCS as it targets investment towards a greener future

“It is not a hydrogen production facility. The hydrogen projects we’re planning – like Polaris – will use a new technology that captures more than 90% of emissions. Global Witness are comparing apples with pears.”

But independent experts say facilities like Shell’s are examples of blue hydrogen and it is right we should learn lessons from the technology and heed warnings about the emissions.

“I call it ‘blue hydrogen mark one'” explains Professor Nilay Shah, head of department of chemical engineering at Imperial College London.


“If you capture what we call the ‘process emissions’ only you might be capturing roughly half the C02 emissions.

“[But] It demonstrates how to go about many elements of the system. Not only capturing the carbon dioxide but also cleaning it up, compressing it, transporting it and storing it. And from that we can learn how to go to the much higher capture rates.”

The debate over blue hydrogen is prescient because there are a number of plans underway to build facilities in the UK, and blue hydrogen also has a central role in the UK government’s strategy.

All UK-based proposals plan to use the most modern iterations of this technology with high capture rates.

One of them, led by energy firm Equinor, plans to develop what it calls the UK’s first “at-scale” blue hydrogen facility.

Climate change: Shell carbon capture facility 'secures just 48% of hydrogen production emissions'

Image: Equinor's plans for the site are expected to create tens of thousands of jobs. Pic: px Group

The project, called Hydrogen to Humber Saltend (H2H Saltend), will provide the beginnings of a “decarbonised industrial cluster” in the Humber region and is part of a larger move to provide clean energy to vast swathes of industry in the North East.

The project is also expected to create tens of thousands of jobs.

“I think that we should be incredibly proud of these opportunities, this will really create an international spotlight on these industrial regions,” explained Dan Sadler, Equinor’s UK VP for low carbon solutions.

While critics say it is wrong to be investing in technology that still requires the burning of fossil fuels and the money would be better spent on scaling entirely renewable sources, he argues blue hydrogen is a practical, positive solution now.

“I think it’s the right technology, the right scale at the right time.

“What we need to be able to do is start the hydrogen economy and we need to start at a scale that can justify the infrastructure.”

“You can’t jump to utopia, you have to step there. We may all agree that in the longer term an entirely self-sustaining green hydrogen market may be the ultimate panacea.

“But the reality is that the climate emergency is now, we need to be making tangible impacts on climate change obligations.”

Global Witness and others point out that carbon capture rates alone are not enough to assess the carbon footprint of any such sites as they don’t include the emissions from the fossil gas supply chain and other related activities.

The UK government is set to introduce a ‘low carbon hydrogen standard’ to ensure that sites being developed are low emissions although the exact rate of that standard has yet to be decided.

News Related

OTHER NEWS

Philippe Coutinho's agent has already revealed his thoughts on Liverpool transfer return

jQuery(function(){ if (typeof jwplayer_load == typeof indefined) { var jwplayer_load = 1; jQuery(window).load(function(){ jQuery(".sc_video_shortcode_jwplayer").each(function(){ var _this = $(this); jQuery.get(jQuery(this).attr("url"), function(data, status){ if (typeof data.split("\n") !== typeof undefined) { var src ... Read more »

Araujo taken in ambulance after sickening clash of heads with Barcelona teammate Gavi

Barcelona defender Ronald Araujo was taken off the pitch in an ambulance during their match against Celta Vigo and rushed to hospital. The Uruguayan was involved in a sickening clash ... Read more »

Aston Villa vs Liverpool: Report and player ratings Sadio Mane gives Reds a Premier League title boost

A much-changed Liverpool side came from behind to win at Villa Park to keep the pressure on league leaders Manchester City Read more »

Liverpool vindicated Jurgen Klopp’s risky rotation policy by doing just enough to beat wasteful Aston Villa

Klopp demoted Mo Salah to the bench and Andy Robertson from the squad but Liverpool had enough to reserve to bounce back from Saturday’s disappointment Read more »

Gary Lineker offers solution to Coleen Rooney and Rebekah Vardy 'Wagatha Christie' case

Gary Lineker has offered a funny solution to the “Wagatha Christie” court case between Coleen Rooney and Rebekah Vardy. Coleen is being sued by Rebekah for libel at the High ... Read more »

FIFA chief Gianni Infantino announces plans to create football game to rival EA Sports

FIFA are planning to create their own football video game after it was announced their three-decade partnership with EA Sports is coming to an end. EA Sports have confirmed FIFA ... Read more »

Fabinho injury: Liverpool midfielder suffers suspected hamstring issue ahead of FA Cup final against Chelsea

The Brazilian pulled up as he sprinted after Philippe Coutinho and had to be replaced by Jordan Henderson at Villa Park Read more »

Man Utd youth coach assesses club's "exciting" kids and his own rise ahead of cup final

Justin Cochrane started his coaching career while a teenage player at QPR when he placed an advert in his local paper for juniors to teach. It didn’t make big news ... Read more »

One year on from football's social media blackout - what's changed?

More than one year on from the social media boycott aimed at tackling discrimination and vile abuse online has anything really changed? You'll remember that at the end of April ... Read more »

European transfer news: Real Madrid up stakes for Kylian Mbappe plus Casemiro exit

Real Madrid have long been linked with Paris Saint-Germain striker Kylian Mbappe and despite speculation the France star is set to sign a new contract with the Ligue 1 giants ... Read more »

Sadio Mane's 'childhood dream' comes to light as Liverpool star linked with summer exit

Sadio Mane 's dream destination has come to light amid links of a summer transfer to Bayern Munich. The Liverpool star is yet to sign a new contract with the ... Read more »

Jadon Sancho's Erling Haaland plea falls on deaf ears as he ignores Man Utd star's wishes

jQuery(function(){ if (typeof jwplayer_load == typeof indefined) { var jwplayer_load = 1; jQuery(window).load(function(){ jQuery(".sc_video_shortcode_jwplayer").each(function(){ var _this = $(this); jQuery.get(jQuery(this).attr("url"), function(data, status){ if (typeof data.split("\n") !== typeof undefined) { var src ... Read more »

Edu 'steps up' Arsenal transfer efforts for £17m Scotland star to replace Nuno Tavares

Arsenal have reportedly stepped up their attempts to sign Scotland star Aaron Hickey as a replacement for Nuno Tavares. After laying out the Gunners' transfer plans, technical director Edu is ... Read more »

Newcastle prepare summer transfer cull with as many as 10 stars 'facing axe'

jQuery(function(){ if (typeof jwplayer_load == typeof indefined) { var jwplayer_load = 1; jQuery(window).load(function(){ jQuery(".sc_video_shortcode_jwplayer").each(function(){ var _this = $(this); jQuery.get(jQuery(this).attr("url"), function(data, status){ if (typeof data.split("\n") !== typeof undefined) { var src ... Read more »

5 Man City casualties from Erling Haaland transfer including brand new signing

The sight of Erling Haaland arriving at Manchester City will send tremors of terror throughout the Premier League – and perhaps to his team-mates as well – as the champions ... Read more »

Chelsea ace Antonio Rudiger signs Real Madrid contract with huge release clause

Chelsea defender Antonio Rudiger has now penned a bumper pre-contract agreement with Real Madrid to bring his five-year stint at Stamford Bridge to an end, according to a new report. ... Read more »

Ole Gunnar Solskjaer was spot on about Erling Haaland after revealing thoughts on Man Utd

jQuery(function(){ if (typeof jwplayer_load == typeof indefined) { var jwplayer_load = 1; jQuery(window).load(function(){ jQuery(".sc_video_shortcode_jwplayer").each(function(){ var _this = $(this); jQuery.get(jQuery(this).attr("url"), function(data, status){ if (typeof data.split("\n") !== typeof undefined) { var src ... Read more »

Fifth senior Man Utd figure leaves club as chief strategy officer exits in reshuffle

Manchester United have told their employees chief strategy officer Hemen Tseayo is stepping down from his position. A new era began at Old Trafford in February when Richard Arnold became ... Read more »

7 flops who cost more than Erling Haaland after bargain Man City transfer announced

The capture of Erling Haaland has sent pulses racing amongst Manchester City fans as the Premier League prepares to welcome the Norwegian hot-shot. The champions have agreed a £51million deal ... Read more »

Arsenal desperate to prevent Eddie Nketiah exit with six Premier League rivals keen

jQuery(function(){ if (typeof jwplayer_load == typeof indefined) { var jwplayer_load = 1; jQuery(window).load(function(){ jQuery(".sc_video_shortcode_jwplayer").each(function(){ var _this = $(this); jQuery.get(jQuery(this).attr("url"), function(data, status){ if (typeof data.split("\n") !== typeof undefined) { var src ... Read more »

Pep Guardiola reacts to uproar over Liverpool comments after Jurgen Klopp response

jQuery(function(){ if (typeof jwplayer_load == typeof indefined) { var jwplayer_load = 1; jQuery(window).load(function(){ jQuery(".sc_video_shortcode_jwplayer").each(function(){ var _this = $(this); jQuery.get(jQuery(this).attr("url"), function(data, status){ if (typeof data.split("\n") !== typeof undefined) { var src ... Read more »

Brighton starlet attracting transfer attention days after returning from loan

Highly-rated Brighton goalkeeper Carl Rushworth is back training with the Premier League club after his loan at Walsall ended. Rushworth made 43 appearances for Walsall keeping 11 clean sheets for ... Read more »

Lazio president responds to Man Utd's transfer 'interest' in Sergej Milinkovic-Savic

Lazio president Claudio Lotito insists Sergej Milinkovic-Savic is not for sale amid rumours linking him with both Juventus and Manchester United. The Serbia international, 27, has impressed for Lazio this ... Read more »

Cristiano Ronaldo's seven-year prediction on £30m Arsenal transfer speaks volumes

jQuery(function(){ if (typeof jwplayer_load == typeof indefined) { var jwplayer_load = 1; jQuery(window).load(function(){ jQuery(".sc_video_shortcode_jwplayer").each(function(){ var _this = $(this); jQuery.get(jQuery(this).attr("url"), function(data, status){ if (typeof data.split("\n") !== typeof undefined) { var src ... Read more »

Gary Lineker hits out at Patrice Evra for talking "utter nonsense" about Pep Guardiola

Gary Lineker has responded to Patrice Evra's claim that Pep Guardiola doesn't want any leaders at Manchester City due to his management. The former Manchester United defender believes the Spaniard ... Read more »

Stats show Antonio Conte justified in hitting back at Jurgen Klopp's Liverpool 'excuses'

jQuery(function(){ if (typeof jwplayer_load == typeof indefined) { var jwplayer_load = 1; jQuery(window).load(function(){ jQuery(".sc_video_shortcode_jwplayer").each(function(){ var _this = $(this); jQuery.get(jQuery(this).attr("url"), function(data, status){ if (typeof data.split("\n") !== typeof undefined) { var src ... Read more »

Borussia Dortmund immediately name Erling Haaland replacement amid failed Man Utd attempt

Borussia Dortmund have already replaced Erling Haaland by snapping up RB Salzburg hotshot Karim Adeyemi – despite Manchester United's late attempt to hijack the deal. Dortmund have been braced for ... Read more »

Patrick Vieira selects best players he played with and against during legendary career

Patrick Vieira has named Zinedine Zidane, Dennis Bergkamp and Thierry Henry as the best three players he played with during his illustrious playing career. Vieira, who is now the manager ... Read more »

Ralf Rangnick's 4 most controversial Man Utd remarks as Rio Ferdinand calls him "distasteful"

jQuery(function(){ if (typeof jwplayer_load == typeof indefined) { var jwplayer_load = 1; jQuery(window).load(function(){ jQuery(".sc_video_shortcode_jwplayer").each(function(){ var _this = $(this); jQuery.get(jQuery(this).attr("url"), function(data, status){ if (typeof data.split("\n") !== typeof undefined) { var src ... Read more »

Roy Hodgson responds to angry Watford fan backlash after his "snub" at Crystal Palace

Roy Hodson has apologised to Watford fans for failing to acknowledge them in the dark hour of relegation but insisted: “I didn't snub them deliberately.” As their relegation to the ... Read more »

Jesse Marsch quotes Gandhi, JFK and Mother Teresa in bizarre Leeds survival team talk

It is hardly “we’ll fight them on the beaches” stuff, but Jesse Marsch is using sayings by Gandhi and Mother Teresa to fire up his Leeds players for their relegation ... Read more »

Birmingham could sign ex-Atletico Madrid and Chelsea striker if Maxi Lopez buys club

Former Argentine footballer Maxi Lopez wants to sign free agent Diego Costa if he gets control at Birmingham. Birmingham’s Chinese owners are ready to sell a stake in the club ... Read more »

Jose Mourinho demands "explanation" and "respect" in furious Roma outburst

Jose Mourinho has demanded that Roma receive an “explanation” for decisions that went against them in their bruising 2-0 defeat to Fiorentina on Monday. The Giallorossi, not so fresh from ... Read more »

FA Youth Cup final 2022: Man Utd stars to watch vs Nottingham Forest, from Alejandro Garnacho to Joe Hugill

United take on Nottingham Forest at Old Trafford on Wednesday bidding for a record 11th competition triumph Read more »

Antonio Conte taunts Jurgen Klopp with strong response to Liverpool boss' dig

Antonio Conte has hit back at Jurgen Klopp's analysis of his Tottenham side, insisting that Liverpool were lucky to escape with a point from their weekend meeting at Anfield. Spurs ... Read more »

5 free agents Erik ten Hag could target with Man Utd summer transfer budget in question

jQuery(function(){ if (typeof jwplayer_load == typeof indefined) { var jwplayer_load = 1; jQuery(window).load(function(){ jQuery(".sc_video_shortcode_jwplayer").each(function(){ var _this = $(this); jQuery.get(jQuery(this).attr("url"), function(data, status){ if (typeof data.split("\n") !== typeof undefined) { var src ... Read more »

Man City confirm sensational Erling Haaland transfer to sign Europe's hottest property

Manchester City have announced the stunning capture of Erling Haaland after meeting his release clause at Borussia Dortmund. The Norway international, 21, has arguably been the most sought-after player in ... Read more »

Man Utd 'prepare formal bid' for Portuguese youngster who impressed Bruno Fernandes

Manchester United are reportedly preparing a 'formal proposal' for Sporting Lisbon centre-back Goncalo Inacio. Inacio, who came through Sporting's youth ranks, made his senior breakthrough in the 2020/21 season after ... Read more »

Jack Wilshere in Denmark: How Arsenal hero has fared as he provides vital assist

11 years ago this month, Jack Wilshere was fulfilling media duties for England ahead of the Three Lions Euro 2012 qualifying clash against Switzerland. Not one reporter in the room ... Read more »

Erling Haaland transfer: Man City confirm agreement in principle to sign Borussia Dortmund striker for £64m

City are still finalising terms with Haaland, who passed a medical in Belgium on Monday Read more »