Biography of Party General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong

The following is the biography of General Secretary of the Communist Party of Viet Nam Central Committee.

Party General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong. Photo: VNA

Nguyen Phu Trong has been re-elected as General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV) Central Committee in the 13th tenure at the first plenum of the 13th Party Central Committee.

BIOGRAPHY OF PARTY GENERAL SECRETARY NGUYEN PHU TRONG

Date of birth: April 14, 1944

Day to Party: December 19, 1967

Native place: Dong Hoi Commune, Dong Anh District, Hanoi

Position:

- General Secretary of the Party Central Committee in 11th, 12th and 13th tenures

- Member of the Politburo in the 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th and 13th tenures

- Member of the Politburo's Standing Board (August 1999 - April 2001)

- Member of the Party Central Committee in the 7th (from January 1994), 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th and 13th tenures

- State President of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam (from October 2018)

- Chairman of the National Assembly in the 11th and 12th tenures

- Secretary of the Central Military Commission

- Head of the Central Steering Committee on Corruption Prevention and Control

- Deputy to the National Assembly in 11th, 12th, 13th and 14th tenures

Working history

1957-1963

Student at the Nguyen Gia Thieu school in Gia Lam District, Han Ni

1963-1967

Student at the Philology Faculty of the University of Han Noi (now the Vietnam National University – Hanoi).

December 1967- July 1968

Officer at the Documentation Desk of the Study Review (now the Communist Review)

July 1968 - August 1973

Officer of the Party Building Department of the Communist Review; experiencing a period of internship in Thanh Oai District, Ha Tay Province (now Hanoi) in 1971; Secretary of the Ho Chi Minh Communist Youth Union cell of the Communist Review from 1969 to 1973

August 1973 – April 1976

Undergoing a political-economic post-graduate course at the High-level Nguyen Ai Quoc Party School (now the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics), member of the executive board of the Party cell

May 1976 - August 1980

Editorial staff of the Party Building Department of the Communist Review, Deputy Secretary of the Party cell

September 1980 - August 1981

Study Russian language at the High-level Nguyen Ai Quoc Party School (now the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics)

September 1981 - July 1983

Intern and defending Associate PhD thesis (now PhD thesis) at the Party Building Department of the Academy of Social Sciences of the Soviet Union

August 1983 - February 1989

Deputy head of the Party Building Department, the Communist Review (October 1983); head of the Party Building Department, the Communist Review (September 1987); Deputy Secretary of the Party Committee of the Communist Review (July 1985-December 1988) and Secretary of the Party Committee of the Communist Review (December 1988-December 1991)

March 1989 – April 1990

Member of the Editorial Board of the Communist Review

May 1990 – July 1991

Deputy Editor-in-Chief of the Communist Review

August 1991 – August 1996

Editor-in-Chief of the Communist Review

January 1994

Elected as a member of the Communist Party of Vietnam’s Central Committee at the mid-term national conference in the 7th tenure

June 1996

Reelected as a member of the Party Central Committee at the 8th National Party Congress

August 1996 - February 1998

Deputy Secretary of the Hanoi Party Committee, head of the Hanoi Party Committee’s Popularization and Education Board

December 1997

Elected as a member of the 8th Political Bureau at the 4th meeting of the 8th Party Central Committee

February 1998 - January 2000

In charge of the Party's ideological-cultural and scientific-educational affairs

August 1999-April 2001

Joining the standing board of the Political Bureau

March 1998 - August 2006

Vice Chairman of the Central Theoretical Council (March 1998-November 2001); Chairman of the Central Theoretical Council, in charge of the Party's theoretical work (November 2001-August 2006)

December 2000

Elected as Secretary of the 13th Hanoi Party Committee at the 13th Party Congress of Hanoi city

April 2001

Reelected as a member of the Party Central Committee and the Political Bureau at the 9th National Party Congress

May 2002 - now

Deputy of the 11th, 12th, 13th and 14th National Assembly

December 2005

Elected as Secretary of the 14th Party Committee of Ha Noi (until June 2006) at the 15th Party Congress of the city

April 2006

Re-elected as a member of the Party Central Committee and the Politburo at the 10th National Party Congress

June 2006 – July 2011

Chairman of the 11th and 12th National Assembly, Secretary of the National Assembly's Party Organization, and member of the Council for National Defense and Security

January 2011

Reelected as a member of the Party Central Committee and the Political Bureau, General Secretary of the Party Central Committee at the 11th National Party Congress; Secretary of the Central Military Commission

February 2013 – present

Head of the Central Steering Committee on Corruption Prevention and Control

January 2016

Reelected as a member of the Party Central Committee and the Politburo, General Secretary of the Party Central Committee at the 12th National Party Congress; Secretary of the Central Military Commission

August 2016

Taking part in the Standing Board of the Central Public Security Party Commission of the 2015-2020 tenure.

October 23, 2018 now

Elected as President of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam for the 2016-2021 tenure at the 14th National Assembly’s sixth session.

January 30, 2021

Reelected as a member of the Party Central Committee in the 2021-2026 tenure at the 13th National Party Congress.

January 31, 2021

Reelected as General Secretary of the Party Central Committee in the 2021-2026 tenure at the first plenum of the 13th Party Central Committee

Re-elected for a new term, Party chief Nguyen Phu Trong asserted that he would continue speaking out and fighting against corruption.

Corruption is a problem that every country has to face all the time and what should be discussed is the scale of this problem, Communist Party General Secretary and State President Nguyen Phu Trong told the press soon after the closing ceremony of the 13th Party Congress, Vnexpress reported.

A signature initiative of the Party chief has been a sustained anti-corruption campaign that has reached into the top echelons of the nation’s governing apparatus apart from business tycoons.

Chairing the Central Steering Committee on Anti-Corruption since 2013, Trong reinforced the campaign in 2017 and has spearheaded it since. He said in 2018 that the nation’s fight against corruption was at an all-time high and called for efforts made at all costs to take it even further.

In 2019, he took the fight to the military, directing leaders to root out corrupt practices in managing and using its assets.

The campaign has seen several high-profile government officials, top military officers and business figures arrested and jailed for crimes including graft, money laundering and economic mismanagement.

Some of the high profile names include: former political star Dinh La Thang, who once worked as Minister of Transport and then Party leader of Ho Chi Minh City, Trinh Xuan Thanh, former general director of PetroVietnam Construction Corporation (PVC), Truong Minh Tuan and Nguyen Bac Son, former ministers of information and communications, and former colonel Dinh Ngoc He.

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