A beginner's guide to AI: Ethics

Asia's Tech News Daily

Artificial intelligence, Bias, artificial general intelligence, bigotry, neural networks, computer vision, natural language processing, algorithms, predictive policing systems

Welcome to Neural’s beginner’s guide to AI. This multi-part feature should provide you with a very basic understanding of what AI is, what it can do, and how it works. The guide contains articles on (in order published) neural networks, computer vision, natural language processing, algorithms, artificial general intelligence, the difference between video game AI and real AI, and the difference between human and machine intelligence.

The discourse surrounding artificial intelligence ethics is wide, varied, and completely out of control.

Those debating technology ethics tend to be the people with the most at stake financially – politicians, big tech developers, and researchers from major universities.

It can be difficult to gauge their motivations when the biggest argument against deploying dangerous AI systems without consideration for the potential harm they can do typically boils down to: “.”

Worse, the media tends to muddy up the issue by . Should we worry about sentient AI rising up and killing us all? Yes. But is it an ethical issue? We’ll come back to this question.

It can be difficult for industry insiders to grasp the scientific, political, and moral implications involved in the development and deployment of a given artificial intelligence system.

So how do we, as laypersons who haven’t dedicated their careers to understanding artificial intelligence, parse the incredibly obtuse and often nonsensical world of AI ethics? We use common sense.

Ethics? Morals? Values?

AI ethics are a sticky wicket because they comprise a two-fold scenario. Primarily, ethics refer to a single ideal: human behavior. But in the case of AI, we must also consider the behavior of the machine.

Traditional automobiles, for example, don’t have the ability to make decisions that could harm humans. Your 1984 Ford Escort can’t choose to switch lanes on its own against your will unless there’s a severe mechanical failure. But your 2021 Tesla with so-called “Full Self Driving” enabled can.

However, the Tesla isn’t making a decision based on its personal ethics, morals, or values. It’s doing what it was programmed to do. It’s not smart, it doesn’t understand roads or what driving is, it’s just code executing with the ability to integrate new data in real-time.

The first example of morality that people seem to want to bring up when it comes to AI is . This ethics conundrum supposes you’re in a trolley that will crash into five people if you do nothing or one person if you pull a lever.

On the surface, the ethical thing to do seems to be to sacrifice the one to save the many. But what if you did that and found out the five people were all serial killers and the one person was a nun?

These aren’t the ethics you’re looking for

It doesn’t matter. Seriously. This isn’t an AI ethics question even if the trolley is autonomous and the operator is a neural network. It’s just a moral conundrum.

It’s almost impossible to train a Tesla on how to handle a situation where it absolutely has to murder someone because those type of split-second decision situations don’t manifest in a void.

Questions of such esoteric nature are usually meant to distract from the real situation. In this case, Tesla vehicles don’t have a problem deciding between the greater good and the least harmful situation, they’re not sentient or “smart” by any definition. They struggle to perform incredibly basic feats of morality such as “ or keep driving past it?”

The only ethical issue here is whether or not these systems should be falsely advertised as “Autopilot” and “Full Self Driving” when they can’t do either.

This isn’t an ethical problem concerning the development of AI.

It’s an ethical issue concerning the deployment of AI. Is it ethical to test a product on city streets that could potentially kill people? Does it remain ethical to continue testing this product on open roads even after its misuse has resulted in multiple deaths?

It’s the same with discussions surrounding bias. Algorithms are biased and, most often, it’s impossible to determine why or how these biases will manifest until they’re discovered in the open.

They’re all biased

It would be pretty hard to make the case against AI research for fear a system could manifest bias because it’s a safe assumption every AI system has bias. We need to push the boundaries of technology in order to advance as a civilization.

But, is it ethical to keep a system in production after it’s been found to contain harmful bias? When the city of Flint Michigan determined its water supply was poisoned it decided to keep the water on and hide the danger from its citizens.

Even the President at the time, Barrack Obama, went on TV and to assure residents that everything was fine. Approximately 95,000 people suffered harm from the US government’s ethical decisions concerning that tainted water.

When it comes to AI, the government and big tech are even more feckless and disingenuous.

Google, for example, is one of the richest companies in the history of the world. Yet, . According to Google, it isn’t a racist company. So why would it continue to develop and deploy algorithms it knows to be racist?

Because the people who work for the company feel that the harm their products do doesn’t outweigh the value they provide.

Search works fine for most people. Every once in awhile it does something incredibly racist such as and that’s just fine with all of us.

Ethically, those of us who use Google and the people creating Google’s products have decided that there is an acceptable amount of racism and bigotry we’re willing to accept and support.

We don’t talk about AI ethics in terms of the harms we’ve chosen to tacitly endorse. The discussion tends to surround the unknowable — what should we do about sentient AGI?

The ethics of ignoring ethical implications

One day it could be extremely important to determine whether AI should be allowed to purchase property or whatever. But today we may as well be having a discussion on land rights in the Andromeda Galaxy. It’s moot. There’s no current indication that we’re within a millennia or even a century of AI sentience.

We do, however, have thousands of companies around the world using . We’ve got law enforcement agencies using harmful, and predictive policing systems to , , and . And social media companies deploy AI at scale massive enough to .

Modern use of AI is dangerous and unregulated. The term “Wild West” has been used so often in conjunction with descriptions of the current state of AI that it’s lost all meaning, but it remains apt.

Common sense tells us that a product that kills people or demonstrates racism and bigotry is unethical to use without some form of regulation. 

But there’s almost nothing stopping anyone from developing an AI system capable of causing sweeping injurious harm.

Internet Explorer Channel Network
Asia's Tech News Daily
News Related

OTHER NEWS

Apple reportedly adding this iPhone model to ‘vintage' list

Apple is reportedly planning to add another iPhone to its vintage list of products this month. According to a report by MacRumors, the tech giant will be adding the iPhone ... Read more »

Windows 11 Start menu and taskbar get new features with latest update

Microsoft has started to roll out Windows 11 update for the users who are enrolled in the Dev Channel of the Windows Insider program. The build 22509 comes in the ... Read more »

U.K. tabloid loses appeal in privacy case over Meghan's letter to her father

The Court of Appeal in London dismissed the effort by Associated Newspapers to overturn a ruling issued in February by the High Court, which found in Meghan’s favor. Read more »

Strictly's Craig Revel Horwood Explains Why It's ‘Impossible' For Show To Fix Result

Craig Revel Horwood has spoken out about accusations that each week’s Strictly Come Dancing results are “fixed”, insisting it is “impossible”. Last month, under a headline about a “Strictly fix ... Read more »

Jack Dorsey's Square changes its name to Block

Jack Dorsey’s mobile payments firm Square has announced a new name for the company, Block. The new name will apply to the company as a whole, it said, comprising Square ... Read more »

Xbox series X stock – live: Where to get Microsoft's console in the UK today

We’re expecting more restocks at major UK retailers soon (The Independent) Update: Follow live for all the latest Xbox series X stock news The Xbox series X is Microsoft’s fastest-selling ... Read more »

Strictly's Tilly Ramsay leaves Nikita Kuzmin speechless with moving post

Tilly Ramsay and Nikita Kuzmin left the Strictly Come Dancing dancefloor last weekend and the pair have only just taken to social to share very moving posts full of praise ... Read more »

Chelsea boss Thomas Tuchel explains Saul Niguez sub: ‘I don't know where he goes from this performance'

Thomas Tuchel says his decision to once again substitute Saul Niguez at half-time of Chelsea’s narrow win against Watford was purely tactical. The Spain midfielder’s miserable loan spell from Atletico ... Read more »

Inside the Fight to Save Mars From Inheriting Earth's Mess

Mark Garlick / Science Photo Library When we gaze into the vast night sky from our terrestrial home, space certainly seems like an overwhelmingly wild and desolate place: an empty ... Read more »

Covid: Scientists find trigger for Astrazeneca vaccine-induced blood clots

Scientists at Cardiff University believe they have found the “trigger” behind the rare blood clot complications associated with the OxfordAstraZenecavaccine. The reaction can be traced to the way the adenovirus ... Read more »

Is this Singapore's coolest mansion? Peek inside Stiletto House, a crazy rich Asian home also called Jalan Seaview House, designed by EHKA Studio

Among the other houses along Jalan Seaview in Katong, Singapore, is an impressive building that looks more like a work of art than a home. Jalan Seaview House, better known ... Read more »

These cheap true wireless earbuds have the most unusual design we've ever seen

Audio-Technica has launched its latest pair of true wireless earbuds, which come with an unusual square design and a pleasingly budget-friendly price. The ATH-SQ1TW wireless earbuds come in a range ... Read more »

Best NZB and Usenet clients of 2021

The best NZB and Usenet clients provide a simple and easy way for ordinary users to access newsgroup content. The best NZB and Usenet clients Click the links below to ... Read more »

How to watch Ashes 2021: schedule, dates, free live streams, squads and more

Few sporting events drum up national fervour quite like the Ashes, as Australia and England do battle on the cricket pitch over one of the oldest (and smallest) trophies in ... Read more »

CES vs. Omicron: will the world's greatest tech show blink?

Two words zip through tech newsrooms every January like the electrical signals pulsing in a PC: “CES Flu,” shorthand for the cold you caught after a week spent interacting with ... Read more »

China's growing market for NFTs, metaverse could foster new money-laundering schemes, central bank official warns

An official at China’s central bank cautions against the country’s rapidly growing interest in non-fungible tokens (NFTs) and metaverse-related activities, warning that these could “easily become money-laundering tools”. Virtual assets ... Read more »

Planned Parenthood data breach exposes 400,000 patients

Reproductive healthcare non-profit Planned Parenthood Los Angeles (PPLA) has suffered a ransomware attack that exposed the personally identifiable information of hundreds of thousands of patients. The organization recently notified its ... Read more »

(2nd LD) False info given by omicron-positive couple in contact tracing puts many at infection risks

(ATTN: UPDATES latest info in paras 4-5) INCHEON, Dec. 2 (Yonhap) — A couple, who tested positive for the omicron coronavirus variant for the first time in South Korea, was ... Read more »

Autocrit writing tool review

Writing assistance tools have been getting more and more popular in recent years, partly due to the advance of AI technologies that form the foundation of this field. There is ... Read more »

S. Korea, Visegrad Group countries sign MOU on R&D cooperation

SEOUL, Dec. 2 (Yonhap) — South Korea’s science ministry said Thursday it has agreed with the Visegrad Group in Europe — the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia — to ... Read more »

Island turns into open-air lab for tech-savvy volcanologists

The Associated PressScientists from CSIC (Spanish National Research Council) take geophysics measurements on the Canary Island of La Palma, Spain, Saturday, Nov. 13, 2021. They come with eagle-eyed drones and ... Read more »

Best benchmarks software of 2021

The best benchmarks software makes it simple and easy to compare your computer’s overall performance capabilities, and evaluate your hardware components. Best benchmarking software Click the links below to go ... Read more »

Free VPN might be coming to a Chrome-based browser soon but it is not Edge

Vivaldi has brought a new stack of features to its eponymous challenger browser, Vivaldi browser. The fifth iteration of the browser brings theme sharing to the fore as well as ... Read more »

(LEAD) False info given by omicron-positive couple in contact tracing puts many at infection risks

(ATTN: ADDS new info in 4th para) INCHEON, Dec. 2 (Yonhap) — A couple, who tested positive for the omicron coronavirus variant for the first time in South Korea, was ... Read more »

OnePlus 10 series to come powered by Snapdragon 8 Gen 1 chip, company reveals

With Qualcomm announcing its latest generation Snapdragon chipset, smartphone companies are revealing the names of their flagship device that will ship with the processor. Joining the list is OnePlus which ... Read more »

SK hynix sets up new US business unit

SK hynix promoted two executives to presidents — Noh Jong-won (left), chief marketing officer, and Kwang Noh-jung, chief safety product and production officer.SK hynix, the chip-making affiliate of SK Group, ... Read more »

Donald Trump's social media venture seeks $1 billion raise: Sources

Former President Donald Trump‘s new social media venture is seeking to raise up to $1 billion by selling shares to hedge funds and family offices at several times the valuation ... Read more »

False info given by omicron-positive couple in contact tracing puts many at infection risks

INCHEON, Dec. 2 (Yonhap) — A couple, who tested positive for the omicron coronavirus variant for the first time in South Korea, was found to have lied about how they ... Read more »

Hyundai Motor to supply 2,300 vehicles for disabled Libyans

SEOUL, Dec. 2 (Yonhap) — Hyundai Motor Co., South Korea’s biggest carmaker, said Thursday it will deliver 2,300 vehicles for disabled victims in Libya by 2022. Hyundai signed a contract ... Read more »

[Herald Interview] Do you have best friend at office? Human connection crucial for work efficiency, says behavioral scientist

Jon Levy, behavioral scientist and creator of the Influencers Dinner (Jon Levy)After COVID-19 forced many aspects of our lives to become more isolated, the world is making a gradual move ... Read more »

Tesla quietly launches an electric ATV for kids — just in time for the holidays?

We know that Tesla had plans to release . But before adults can ride one, the company decided to roll out a pint-sized version for kids. The $1,900 Cyberquad for ... Read more »

Amazon worker union in Alabama will hold new vote after claims of 'illegal misconduct'

The National Labor Relations Board has ordered a new union election for Amazon workers in Bessemer, Alabama based on objections to the first vote that took place in April. The ... Read more »

Qualcomm ditches TSMC, lets Samsung produce new chips

Qualcomm CEO Cristiano Amon speaks during its Investor Day event, Nov. 22. Captured from Qualcomm’s YouTube channel By Kim Yoo-chul Qualcomm CEO Cristiano Amon said it has chosen Samsung as ... Read more »

Video: 'Fireball' spied in descent over Idaho

Astrophotographer Jordan Ragsdale captures a meteor moving through the night sky west of Eagle, Idaho, in the early evening. Read more »

2nd urea crisis? Four metals China can weaponize to sink S. Korean EV battery firms

A manganese mine (123rf) The ongoing urea solution shortage in South Korea is just a trailer. The real movie hasn’t even started yet. China can always send another wave of ... Read more »

Honor 60, Honor 60 Pro smartphones with 66W fast charging support launched in China

NEW DELHI: Honor has launched its latest Honor 60 series of smartphones in China. The company has launched Honor 60 and Honor 60 Pro smartphones. Both the handsets come with ... Read more »

Uber brings ride booking facility via WhatsApp

You can now book an Uber ride via WhatsApp. The ride-hailing platform has announced a partnership with WhatsApp, allowing users in India to book an Uber ride via WhatsApp. Users ... Read more »

Scientists may have identified trigger behind Covid vaccine-induced blood clots

Scientists believe they may have found the “trigger” behind the extremely rare blood clot complications stemming from the Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine. According to an international team of researchers from Cardiff and ... Read more »

Scientists find strange new dinosaur in Chile with a tail that looks like a battle axe

A new dinosaur species with a flat, weaponised tail resembling a battle axe has been unearthed in Chile. Scientists discovered the new species which has a tail with a battle ... Read more »

POSCO, General Motors ink JV targeting US EV market

The photo shows the ultimate battery used in GM’s electric vehicles. Courtesy of POSCO Chemical By Kim Hyun-bin POSCO Chemical has inked a joint venture (JV) with General Motors (GM) ... Read more »
On free-english-test.com you will find lots of free English exam practice materials to help you improve your English skills: grammar, listening, reading, writing, ielts, toeic